stroud


stroud
/strowd/, n.
a coarse woolen cloth, blanket, or garment formerly used by the British in bartering with the North American Indians.
[1670-80; named after Stroud in Gloucestershire, England, where woolens are made]

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      town and district, administrative and historic county of Gloucestershire, south-central England. The district occupies an area in the south-central part of the county between the cities of Bristol to the southwest and Gloucester to the north; it borders the River Severn on the west. Stroud district incorporates a section of the limestone Cotswold Hills (Cotswolds) that rise some 600 to 800 feet (180 to 250 metres) on the east and the nearly sea-level fertile clay vales of Berkeley and Gloucester on the west; the steep-faced western escarpment of the Cotswolds separates the two regions.

      Between the 14th and the 18th century the Cotswolds were a principal centre of England's woolen trade. Villages within what is now Stroud district became prosperous by either grazing large numbers of sheep or weaving and dyeing fine woolens. The many old and imposing limestone buildings in the district reflect that early period's prosperity.

      Today cattle, rather than sheep, generally graze the Cotswolds' undulating tableland. The district's picturesque villages and fields of cereals and corn (maize) interspersed with beech groves are popular with tourists. The western valleys next to the Severn produce milk and some cheese, and apples and pears are grown for cider and perry (fermented pear juice).

      Stroud town, the district seat, and adjacent communities have an unusually varied manufacturing base. Products include mining equipment, plastics, electronic apparatuses, pianos, machine-made fine woolens, scarlet dyes, and most of the world's billiard tablecloths.

      The town of Berkeley in the River Severn valley has an eerie, well-preserved medieval castle. Berkeley was the birthplace and lifelong home of Edward Jenner, who in 1796 discovered the principle of vaccination. Area district, 175 square miles (453 square km). Pop. (2001) town, 32,052; district, 107,899.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stroud — im Jahr 2005 Stroud ist eine Stadt mit 12.690 Einwohnern (2001) in der englischen Grafschaft Gloucestershire. Sie ist das Zentrum des gleichnamigen Regierungsbezirkes und des Wahlkreises Stroud. Städtepartnerschaften Frankreich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stroud — Stroud. Stroud es un pueblo del condado de Gloucestershire en Inglaterra, Reino Unido. Contexto Stroud es famoso por la industria de textil (el paño de la bayeta se hace allí) y los mercados de los granjeros. Relacionados Entre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Stroud — Stroud, OK U.S. city in Oklahoma Population (2000): 2758 Housing Units (2000): 1325 Land area (2000): 11.496263 sq. miles (29.775182 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.986935 sq. miles (2.556150 sq. km) Total area (2000): 12.483198 sq. miles (32.331332 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Stroud, OK — U.S. city in Oklahoma Population (2000): 2758 Housing Units (2000): 1325 Land area (2000): 11.496263 sq. miles (29.775182 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.986935 sq. miles (2.556150 sq. km) Total area (2000): 12.483198 sq. miles (32.331332 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Stroud — Stroud, n. A kind of coarse blanket or garment used by the North American Indians. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stroud — (spr. Straud), 1) Fabrikstadt in der englischen Grafschaft Gloucester, am Zusammenfluß von Frome u. Slade, an der Zweigbahn Gloucester Swindon, welche die London Bristolbahn mit der Bristol Birminghambahn verbindet u. an dem mit dem Themse Savern …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Stroud — es un pueblo bastante grande en Gloucestershire en Inglaterra. Stroud es famoso para la industria de textil (el paño de la bayeta se hace allí) y los mercados de los granjeros. Entre sus residentes famosos se incluyen los autores Laurie Lee,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • stroud — stroud; stroud·ing; …   English syllables

  • Stroud — (spr. ßtraud), Stadt in Gloucestershire (England), 16 km südlich von Gloucester, hat mehrere moderne Kirchen (alt ist nur die St. Lorenzkirche), eine Synagoge, ein altes Rathaus, Freibibliothek, Tuchfabrikation, Scharlachfärberei, Eisengießereien …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stroud — (spr. straud), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Gloucester, an dem die Themse mit dem Severn verbindenden Kanal, (1901) 9188 E.; Tuchfabrikation …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stroud — (Straud), Fabrikstadt in der engl. Grafschaft Gloucester, mit trefflichen Färbereien, 36000 E …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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