string quartet


string quartet
1. a musical composition, usually in three or four movements, for four stringed instruments, typically two violins, viola, and cello.
2. a first violinist, second violinist, violist, and cellist forming a group for the performance of string quartets and similar music.
[1870-75]

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Ensemble consisting of two violins, viola, and cello, or a work written for such an ensemble.

Since с 1775 such works have been perhaps the predominant genre of chamber music. It was principally developed (if not quite invented) by Joseph Haydn, who wrote some 70 quartets between 1757 and 1803. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Béla Bartók, and Dmitry Shostakovich are the preeminent subsequent quartet composers. Works called string quartets have traditionally observed the four-movement design of the sonata and symphony. Like most chamber music genres, quartet music was traditionally intended primarily for the private enjoyment of amateur musicians rather than for public performance.

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music
      musical composition for two violins, viola, and cello in several (usually four) movements. It has been the predominant genre of chamber music since about 1750. See quartet; chamber music.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • string quartet — noun Date: 1875 1. a composition for string quartet 2. a quartet of performers on stringed instruments usually including a first and second violin, a viola, and a cello …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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