straw


straw
strawless, adj.strawlike, adj.
/straw/, n.
1. a single stalk or stem, esp. of certain species of grain, chiefly wheat, rye, oats, and barley.
2. a mass of such stalks, esp. after drying and threshing, used as fodder.
3. material, fibers, etc., made from such stalks, as used for making hats or baskets.
4. the negligible value of one such stalk; trifle; least bit: not to care a straw.
5. a tube, usually of paper or glass, for sucking up a beverage from a container: to sip lemonade through a straw.
6. anything of possible but dubious help in a desperate circumstance.
7. See straw man (def. 2).
8. a straw hat.
9. catch, clutch, or grasp at a straw, at straws, or at any straw or straws, to seize at any chance, no matter how slight, of saving oneself from calamity.
10. draw straws, to decide by lottery using straws or strawlike items of different lengths, usually with the short straw or straws determining the person chosen or the loser.
adj.
11. of, pertaining to, containing, or made of straw: a straw hat.
12. of the color of straw; pale yellow.
13. of little value or consequence; worthless.
14. sham; fictitious.
[bef. 950; ME; OE streaw; c. G Stroh; akin to STREW]

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Stalks of grasses, particularly cereal grasses such as wheat, oats, rye, barley, and buckwheat.

Used collectively, the term means stalks aggregated into bales or piles after the drying and threshing of grain. Since ancient times, humans have used straw as litter and fodder for cattle, as a covering for floors, for coarse bedding, and even as clothing. It can also be woven into baskets, hats, floor mats, and furniture coverings. Thatched roofs consist of straw laid down approximately 1 ft (30 cm) thick and secured by strong cords, with the fibers running in the direction to be taken by rainwater. Chemically pulped straw is used in the manufacture of coarse paper and strawboard, a cardboard for cheap paper boxes.

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      the stalks of grasses, particularly of such cereal grasses as wheat, oats, rye, barley, and buckwheat. When used collectively, the term straw denotes such stalks in the aggregate after the drying and threshing of grain.

      Human beings from ancient times have used straw as litter and fodder for cattle, as a covering for floors, for coarse bedding, and even as clothing. The thatched roof, which is still used in some parts of the world, consists of straw laid down to a thickness of 1 foot (0.3 m) or more and secured by strong cords, with the fibres running in the direction to be taken by rainwater. Straw may also be woven to make baskets or hats. Either in its natural colour or dyed in attractive hues, straw is woven into matting for floor and furniture coverings in some regions. In modern industry, chemically pulped straw is used in the manufacture of coarse paper and in a type of cardboard (strawboard) that is suited to the production of cheap paper boxes. Straw has also been used to fabricate sun-dried bricks (brick and tile). The latter are made of clay that is moistened and kneaded and then combined with chopped straw, after which it is dried in the sun or baked in crude ovens. The use of straw in making bricks is mentioned in the Old Testament.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:
, (of grain after being thrashed) / , , , , , ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Straw — is an agricultural by product, the dry of a cereal plant, after the grain or seed has been removed. Straw makes up about half of the yield of cereal crops such as barley, oats, rice, rye and wheat. In times gone by, it was regarded as a useful by …   Wikipedia

  • Straw — Straw, n. [OE. straw, stre, stree, AS. stre[ a]w, from the root of E. strew; akin to OFries. str[=e], D. stroo, G. stroh, OHG. str[=o], Icel. str[=a], Dan. straa, Sw. str[*a]. [root]166. See {Strew}.] 1. A stalk or stem of certain species of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • straw — S3 [stro: US stro:] n [: Old English; Origin: streaw] 1.) a) [U] the dried stems of wheat or similar plants that animals sleep on, and that are used for making things such as baskets, hats etc →↑hay ▪ a straw hat b) a single dried stem of stra …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • straw — [strô] n. [ME stra < OE streaw, akin to streawian: see STREW] 1. hollow stalks or stems of grain after threshing, collectively: used for fodder, for bedding, for making hats, etc. 2. a single one of such stalks 3. such a stalk or, now esp., a… …   English World dictionary

  • straw — [ strɔ ] noun ** 1. ) uncount the yellow stems of dried crops such as wheat: bales of straw a straw hat 2. ) count a long thin paper or plastic tube that you use for drinking clutch/grasp at straws to try to find anything at all that will help… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • straw — straw; straw·berry; straw·ber·ry·ing; straw·en; straw·ish; straw·less; win·dle·straw; …   English syllables

  • straw — ► NOUN 1) dried stalks of grain, used as fodder or for thatching, packing, or weaving. 2) a single dried stalk of grain. 3) a thin hollow tube of paper or plastic for sucking drink from a container. 4) a pale yellow colour. ● clutch at straws Cf …   English terms dictionary

  • straw — (n.) O.E. streaw stems or stalks of certain cereals, lit. that which is scattered or strewn, related to streowian (see STREW (Cf. strew)), from P.Gmc. *strawam that which is scattered (Cf. O.N. stra, Dan. straa, Swed. strô, O.Fris. stre, O.Du., O …   Etymology dictionary

  • Straw — ist der Name folgender Personen: Ezekiel A. Straw (1819–1882), US amerikanischer Politiker Jack Straw (* 1946), britischer Politiker der Labour Party Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselb …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • straw|y — «STR ee», adjective. 1. of, containing, or like straw. 2. strewn or thatched with straw …   Useful english dictionary

  • Straw — Straw, v. t. To spread or scatter. See {Strew}, and {Strow}. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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