stock


stock
stocklike, adj.
/stok/, n.
1. a supply of goods kept on hand for sale to customers by a merchant, distributor, manufacturer, etc.; inventory.
2. a quantity of something accumulated, as for future use: a stock of provisions.
3. livestock.
4. Theat. a stock company: a job in summer stock.
5. Finance.
a. the outstanding capital of a company or corporation.
b. the shares of a particular company or corporation.
c. the certificate of ownership of such stock; stock certificate.
d. (formerly) a tally or stick used in transactions between a debtor and a creditor.
6. Hort.
a. Also called understock. in grafting, a stem in which the bud or scion is inserted.
b. a stem, tree, or plant that furnishes slips or cuttings; stock plant.
7. the trunk or main stem of a tree or other plant, as distinguished from roots and branches.
8. the type from which a group of animals or plants has been derived.
9. a race or other related group of animals or plants.
10. the person from whom a given line of descent is derived; the original progenitor.
11. a line of descent; a tribe, race, or ethnic group.
12. Ling. a category consisting of language families that, because of resemblances in grammatical structure and vocabulary, are considered likely to be related by common origin. Cf. family (def. 14), phylum (def. 2).
13. any grouping of related languages.
14. the handle of a whip, fishing rod, etc.
15. Firearms.
a. the wooden or metal piece to which the barrel and mechanism of a rifle are attached.
b. a part of an automatic weapon, as a machine gun, similar in position or function.
16. the trunk or stump of a tree, left standing.
17. a dull or stupid person.
18. something lifeless or senseless.
19. the main upright part of anything, esp. a supporting structure.
20. stocks,
a. a former instrument of punishment consisting of a framework with holes for securing the ankles and, sometimes, the wrists, used to expose an offender to public derision. Cf. pillory (def. 1).
b. a frame in which a horse or other animal is secured in a standing position for shoeing or for a veterinary operation.
c. the frame on which a boat rests while under construction.
21. Naut.
a. a vertical shaft forming part of a rudder and controlling the rudder's movement.
b. a transverse piece of wood or metal near the ring on some anchors. See diag. under anchor.
22. the metal or wooden body of a carpenter's plane.
23. Metall.
a. material being smelted in a blast furnace.
b. a metal piece to be forged.
24. Printing.
a. a specified quality or kind of paper: glossy stock; card stock; offset stock.
b. the paper for printing a particular job: We don't have enough stock for that large a run.
25. the raw material from which something is made.
26. Papermaking. stuff (def. 15).
27. Cookery. the liquor or broth prepared by boiling meat, fish, chicken, etc., with or without vegetables or seasonings, and used esp. as a foundation for soups and sauces.
28. any of several plants belonging to the genus Matthiola, of the mustard family, esp. M. incana, having fragrant white, blue, purple, reddish, or yellowish flowers.
29. a rhizome or rootstock.
30. Zool. a compound organism, as a colony of corals.
31. a collar or a neckcloth fitting like a band around the neck.
32. Cards. the portion of a pack of cards that, in certain games, is not dealt out to the players, but is left on the table, to be drawn from as occasion requires.
33. an adjustable wrench for holding dies for cutting screws.
34. Railroads. See rolling stock.
35. Dominoes. boneyard (def. 3).
36. Informal. See stock car (def. 1).
37. Rom. Cath. Ch. one of a set of three metal containers for holy oil.
38. Geol., Mining. an irregular igneous intrusion, usually an offshoot of a batholith, often mineralized.
39. Archaic. a stocking.
40. Obs. the frame of a plow to which the share, handles, etc., are attached.
41. in stock, on hand for use or sale: There are no more blue skirts in stock.
42. lock, stock, and barrel. See lock1 (def. 12).
43. on the stocks,
a. under construction, as esp. a ship.
b. in progress or preparation: a new novel on the stocks.
44. out of stock, lacking a supply of, esp. temporarily: We are out of stock in this item.
45. take or put stock in, to put confidence in or attach importance to; believe; trust: Considering his general unreliability, I can't take stock in what he has told you.
46. take stock,
a. to make an inventory of stock on hand.
b. to make an appraisal of resources or prospects: She took stock of her decorating scheme and decided it was time for a change.
adj.
47. kept regularly on hand, as for use or sale; staple; standard: stock articles.
48. having as one's job the care of a concern's goods: a stock clerk.
49. of the common or ordinary type; in common use: a stock argument.
50. banal; commonplace: a stock remark.
51. pertaining to or designating the breeding and raising of livestock: stock farming.
52. Southern U.S. (chiefly Southern Appalachian and South Atlantic States). (of farm animals) being a fully grown male: a stock hog.
53. of or pertaining to the stock of a company or corporation: a stock report.
54. Theat.
a. pertaining to a stock company.
b. appearing together in a repertoire, as a company.
c. forming part of a repertoire, as a play.
d. being a character type fixed by convention, as in the commedia dell'-arte, a harlequinade, minstrel show, or the like.
55. Informal. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a stock car.
v.t.
56. to furnish with a stock or supply.
57. to furnish with stock, as a farm with horses, cattle, etc.
58. to lay up in store, as for future use.
59. to fasten to or provide with a stock, as a rifle, plow, bell, anchor, etc.
60. to put in the stocks as a punishment.
v.i.
61. to lay in a stock of something (often fol. by up).
[bef. 900; (n.) ME; OE stoc(c) stump, stake, post, log; c. G Stock, ON stokkr tree-trunk; (v.) deriv. of the n.]
Syn. 1. store, provision, reserve. 11. lineage, family. 14. haft. 49. usual.

* * *

I
In finance, the subscribed capital of a corporation or limited-liability company, usually divided into shares and represented by transferable certificates.

Many companies have only one class of stock, called common stock. Common stock, as a share of ownership in the company, entitles the holder to an interest in the company's earnings and assets. It carries voting rights that enable the holder to participate in the running of the company (unless such rights are specifically withheld, as in special classes of nonvoting shares). Dividends paid on common stock are often unstable because they vary with earnings; they are also usually less than earnings, the difference being used by the management to expand the firm. To appeal to investors who want to be sure of receiving dividends regularly, some companies issue preferred stock, which has a prior claim to dividends paid by the company and, in most cases, to the company's assets in case of its dissolution. Preferred-stock dividends are usually set at a fixed annual rate that must be paid before dividends are distributed to common stockholders. See also security, stock exchange.
II
(as used in expressions)
stock car racing

* * *

Introduction

      in finance, the subscribed capital of a corporation or limited-liability company, usually divided into shares and represented by transferable certificates. The certificates may detail the contractual relationship between the company and its stockholders, or shareholders, and set forth the division of the risk, income, and control of the business.

Common stock, or ordinary shares.
      Many companies have only one class of stock, often called common stock, or ordinary shares. This class of stock carries residual ownership of the company, entitling the holder to unlimited interest in the earnings and assets of the company after limited claims are paid. Common stockholders have the right to control the company through their voting rights, unless such rights are specifically withheld, as in special classes of “nonvoting” shares. The common stockholders' legal rights may also include preemptive rights to maintain their proportion of equity when new stock is issued. Dividends paid on common stock are usually unstable because they tend to vary with earnings; they are also usually less than earnings, the difference being used by management to expand the firm and allow the stockholders' equity to grow. The market price of common stock is often subject to wide fluctuations, because it depends largely upon investors' expectations of future earnings.

Preferred stock, or preference shares.
      To appeal to investors who wish to be sure of receiving dividends regularly, many companies issue what is called preferred stock, or preference shares. This class of stock has a prior claim to dividends paid by the company and, usually, to the assets of the company in the event of its dissolution. Dividends are usually set at a fixed annual rate that must be paid before dividends are distributed to the common stockholders. Preferred stock may be participating, meaning that its holders share with common stockholders in any company earnings over and above the stated dividends on the preferred stock. Preferred stock may be cumulative or noncumulative: if cumulative, dividends not paid in one year must be paid in addition to dividends earned in the following year, before any dividend payments are made on the common stock.

plant
 in botany, any of about 50 species of plants constituting the genus Matthiola of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), native to Eurasia and southern Africa and well known for the spicy fragrance of some species. Biennial natives to southwestern Europe and western Asia, stocks, or gillyflowers (M. incana), are known in Great Britain as sea stocks because they often grow on seaside cliffs. They produce 60- to 80-cm (25- to 30-inch) spikes of lilac to white, four-petaled flowers rising from narrowly oval, deep green leaves. This species is also grown as a cut flower (Brompton stock).

      Garden varieties are red, crimson, yellow, and deep purple; some have double flowers. M. sinuata, hardier, shorter, and deeper coloured, also is native to southwestern Europe. Evening, or night-scented, stock (M. longipetala) a low and much-branched annual from southeastern Europe, produces pink to purple, intensely fragrant flowers that open only at night.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • stock — [ stɔk ] n. m. • h. 1656, rare av. fin XIXe; mot angl. « souche » 1 ♦ Quantité de marchandises en réserve. Stocks d un magasin. Constituer, renouveler un stock. ⇒ approvisionnement, provision, réserve. Avoir un article en stock. Stock disponible …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stock — (st[o^]k), n. [AS. stocc a stock, trunk, stick; akin to D. stok, G. stock, OHG. stoc, Icel. stokkr, Sw. stock, Dan. stok, and AS. stycce a piece; cf. Skr. tuj to urge, thrust. Cf. {Stokker}, {Stucco}, and {Tuck} a rapier.] 1. The stem, or main… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stock — n 1 a: the equipment, materials, or supplies of a business b: a store or supply accumulated; esp: the inventory of the goods of a merchant or manufacturer 2: the ownership element in a corporation usu. divided into shares and represented by… …   Law dictionary

  • stock — [stäk] n. [ME stocke < OE stocc, akin to Ger stock, Du stok, a stick < IE base * (s)teu , to strike, chop > STUMP, STUB] 1. the trunk of a tree 2. Archaic a) a tree stump b) a wooden block or log …   English World dictionary

  • Stock — es una voz inglesa[1] que se usa en español con el sentido de existencias. En el lenguaje comercial y financiero su empleo como anglicismo es frecuente, y por ello la RAE recomienda evitarlo y utilizar las voces en español correspondientes a cada …   Wikipedia Español

  • stock — ► NOUN 1) a supply of goods or materials available for sale or use. 2) farm animals bred and kept for their meat or milk; livestock. 3) the capital of a company raised through the issue and subscription of shares. 4) (stocks) a portion of a… …   English terms dictionary

  • Stock — steht für: einen länglichen zylindrischen Gegenstand, siehe Stock (Stab) Stock (Familienname), der Familienname Stock Stock (Spirituosen), ein Spirituosenhersteller in der Botanik ein Sprossachsensystem (auch Wurzelstock), siehe Rhizom (Botanik)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stock — (st[o^]k), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stocked} (st[o^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Stocking}.] 1. To lay up; to put aside for future use; to store, as merchandise, and the like. [1913 Webster] 2. To provide with material requisites; to store; to fill; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stock — Stock, a. Used or employed for constant service or application, as if constituting a portion of a stock or supply; standard; permanent; standing; as, a stock actor; a stock play; a stock phrase; a stock response; a stock sermon. A stock charge… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stock — s.m.inv. ES ingl. {{wmetafile0}} 1a. consistente quantità di merce giacente in un magazzino, pronta per essere venduta spec. in blocco; merce, articoli di stock, a prezzo di stock: venduti a prezzo particolarmente conveniente perché fondi di… …   Dizionario italiano

  • stock — [adj] commonplace banal, basic, common, conventional, customary, dull, established, formal, hackneyed, normal, ordinary, overused, regular, routine, run of the mill*, set, standard, staple, stereotyped, traditional, trite, typical, usual, worn… …   New thesaurus


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.