Stijl, De


Stijl, De
/deuh stuyl/, Dutch.
a group of Dutch artists of the early 20th century whose theories and works influenced the development of contemporary architecture and applied arts. Cf. neoplasticism.
[lit., The Style, title of a periodical associated with the group]

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(Dutch; The Style)

Group of Dutch artists founded in 1917, including Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian.

The group advocated a utopian style: "the universal harmony of life." Its ideal of purity and order in life and society as well as art reflects the Calvinist background of its members. Through its journal, De Stijl (1917–31), it influenced painting, the decorative arts (including furniture design), typography, and especially architecture, where its aesthetic found expression at the Bauhaus and in the International Style.

"Card Players," oil painting by De Stijl artist Theo van Doesburg, 1917; in the ...

By courtesy of the Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague

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art
 (Dutch: “The Style”), group of Dutch artists in Amsterdam in 1917, including the painters Piet Mondrian (Mondrian, Piet), Theo van Doesburg (Doesburg, Theo van), and Vilmos Huszár, the architect Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud (Oud, Jacobus Johannes Pieter), and the poet A. Kok; other early associates of De Stijl were Bart van der Leck, Georges Vantongerloo, Jan Wils, and Robert van't Hoff. Its members, working in an abstract style, were seeking laws of equilibrium and harmony applicable both to art and to life.

      De Stijl's most outstanding painter was Mondrian, whose art was rooted in the mystical ideas of Theosophy. Although influenced by his contact with Analytical Cubism in Paris before 1914, Mondrian thought that it had fallen short of its goal by not having developed toward pure abstraction, or, as he put it, “the expression of pure plastics” (which he later called Neoplasticism). In his search for an art of clarity and order that would also express his religious and philosophical beliefs, Mondrian eliminated all representational components, reducing painting to its elements: straight lines, plane surfaces, rectangles, and the primary colours (red, yellow, and blue) combined with neutrals (black, gray, and white). Van Doesburg, who shared Mondrian's austere principles, launched the group's periodical, De Stijl (1917–32), which set forth the theories of its members.

      As a movement, De Stijl influenced painting, decorative arts (including furniture design), typography, and architecture (Western architecture), but it was principally architecture that realized both De Stijl's stylistic aims and its goal of close collaboration among the arts. The Worker's Housing Estate in Hoek van Holland (1924–27), designed by Oud, expresses the same clarity, austerity, and order found in a Mondrian painting. Gerrit Rietveld (Rietveld, Gerrit Thomas), another architect associated with De Stijl, also applied its stylistic principles in his work; the Schröder House in Utrecht (1924), for example, resembles a Mondrian painting in the severe purity of its facade and in its interior plan. Beyond The Netherlands, the De Stijl aesthetic found expression at the Bauhaus in Germany during the 1920s and in the International Style.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stijl — Stijl, De …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • STIJL (DE) — Il y a trois manières de définir De Stijl , toutes trois adoptées simultanément par Theo van Doesburg dans l’article rétrospectif qu’il consacra au mouvement en 1927 («Dates et faits», in De Stijl , numéro spécial du dixième anniversaire): en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stijl — (De) ( le Style ) revue et mouvement artistiques néerlandais regroupant surtout des peintres et des architectes, créés à Leyde en 1917 par le peintre Theo Van Doesburg, en collab. avec P. Mondrian. La revue cessa de paraître en 1928 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stijl, De — ► BELLAS ARTES Revista holandesa creada por P. Mondrian y Van Doesburg en 1917, para la difusión y defensa del neoplasticismo. Desde su creación hasta 1928, fue el órgano oficial del movimiento. * * * (holandés; El Estilo) . Grupo de artistas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stijl — [stīl] see De Stijl …   Useful english dictionary

  • Stijl — /ˈsteɪl/ (say stayl) noun De /də/ (say duh), a Dutch modern art movement, initiated in 1917 and concerned with geometrical abstraction. {Dutch, literally, the style, title of a periodical founded by Van Doesburg in 1917} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Stijl, De — /deuh stuyl/, Dutch. a group of Dutch artists of the early 20th century whose theories and works influenced the development of contemporary architecture and applied arts. Cf. neoplasticism. [lit., The Style, title of a periodical associated with… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Stijl-Gruppe —   [ stɛi̯l ], De Stijl [də stɛi̯l], von den Mitarbeitern der Zeitschrift »De Stijl« (1917 31) gebildete Gruppe, zu der die Maler P. Mondrian, T. van Doesburg, B. A. van der Leck und V. Huszár, die Architekten J. J. P. Oud, Jan Wils (* 1891, ✝… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • De Stijl — This article is about the artistic movement. For the album by The White Stripes, see De Stijl (album). Red and Blue Chair designed by Gerrit Rietveld in 1917 De Stijl (Dutch pronunciation: [də ˈstɛɪl], (Dutch pronunciation:  …   Wikipedia

  • De Stijl — Pour les articles homonymes, voir De Stijl (homonymie). Theo van Doesburg et Gerrit Rietveld, Intérieur de la maison de Bart De Ligt, 1919 De Stijl (prononce …   Wikipédia en Français


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