stew


stew
stew1
stewable, adj.
/stooh, styooh/, v.t.
1. to cook (food) by simmering or slow boiling.
v.i.
2. to undergo cooking by simmering or slow boiling.
3. Informal. to fret, worry, or fuss: He stewed about his chaotic state of affairs all day.
4. to feel uncomfortable due to a hot, humid, stuffy atmosphere, as in a closed room; swelter.
5. stew in one's own juice, to suffer the consequences of one's own actions.
n.
6. a preparation of meat, fish, or other food cooked by stewing, esp. a mixture of meat and vegetables.
7. Informal. a state of agitation, uneasiness, or worry.
8. a brothel; whorehouse.
9. stews, a neighborhood occupied chiefly by brothels.
10. Obs. a vessel for boiling or stewing.
[1350-1400; ME stewen, stuwen to take a sweat bath < MF estuver, v. deriv. of estuve sweat room of a bath; see STOVE1]
Syn. 1. See boil1. 6. ragout.
stew2
/stooh, styooh/, n. Slang.
1. steward;
2. stewardess.
[by shortening]

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food
      dish of meat, poultry, or fish, usually with vegetables, cooked in liquid in a closed vessel over low heat. Prepared properly, the stew never boils, but simmers at about 190° F (88° C), a process that tenderizes tougher foods and mingles flavours. Meats to be stewed are cut in cubes, fowls are jointed, and fish is cut in steaks or chunks. For brown stews, the meat pieces (and sometimes a portion of the vegetables) are seared in hot fat before the liquid is added. Poultry is often cooked à blanc, without browning, as are delicate veal and lamb stews. Root vegetables (carrots, onions, turnips, parsnips, and potatoes), tomatoes, and celery are commonly added to stews. The sauce that develops as the dish cooks may be thickened by pureeing the vegetables or by incorporating flour or egg yolks.

      The French ragout à brun is a brown stew that is flavoured with garlic, tomato, and herbs. A navarin is a ragout à brun made with lamb or mutton; navarin à la printanière has been garnished with new potatoes, carrots, peas, onions, and turnips. Fricassees and blanquettes are “white” stews of poultry (in the case of fricassee), veal, or lamb. They are delicately flavoured with mushrooms, mild vegetables, and herbs; the sauce is thickened with egg yolks and cream.

      Stews are found in virtually all of the world's cuisines. Gulyás ( goulash, q.v.), pörkölt, paprikás, and tokany are four stews that have been called the four pillars of Hungarian cooking. Bigos, a hunter's stew of Poland, combines a variety of fresh and cured meats, game, cabbage or sauerkraut, and aromatic vegetables. Irish stew is a simple “white” dish of mutton, onions, and potatoes. A Greek stifado of beef is flavoured with red wine, onions, tomatoes, bay leaf, and garlic, and it may contain cubes of feta cheese. Two American stews deserve mention: Brunswick stew (originating in Brunswick County, Virginia) combines squirrel, rabbit—more commonly today, chicken—sweet corn, lima beans, tomatoes, okra, and onions; Kentucky's burgoo is similar, adding beef and potatoes, carrots, turnips, and other vegetables.

      Fish stews may be made with freshwater or ocean fish; often a variety is used, with shellfish. Notable are the French meurette, matelote, cotriade, and bouillabaisse (q.v.); the Spanish zarzuela; the Italian cacciucco; the Belgian waterzooi; and the cioppino of the United States.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • stew — stew; stew·ard·ess; stew·ard·ly; stew·ard·ship; stew·ards·man; stew·ar·tia; stew·art·ite; stew·art·ry; stew·art s; stew·art; stew·ard; stew·ard·ry; …   English syllables

  • Stew — Stew, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stewed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Stewing}.] [OE. stuven, OF. estuver, F. [ e]tuver, fr. OF. estuve, F. [ e]tuve, a sweating house, a room heated for a bath; probably of Teutonic origin, and akin to E. stove. See {Stove}, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stew — Stew, n. [OE. stue, stuwe, OF. estuve. See {Stew}, v. t.] 1. A place of stewing or seething; a place where hot bathes are furnished; a hothouse. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] As burning [AE]tna from his boiling stew Doth belch out flames. Spenser. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stew — ist: englischsprachige Bezeichnung für einen Eintopf, siehe z.B. Irish Stew oder Brunswick Stew Diminutiv von Stewart (Vorname) Stew (Musiker) alias Mark Stewart (* 1961), US amerikanischer Singer Songwriter Siehe auch: Stu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • stew — [n1] mixture, miscellany brew, goulash*, hash, jumble, medley, mélange, mishmash, mulligan*, olio*, pasticcio*, pie*, potpourri, salmagundi*, soup; concepts 432,457,460,461 Ant. element stew [n2] commotion; mental upset agitation, confusion,… …   New thesaurus

  • stew — ► NOUN 1) a dish of meat and vegetables cooked slowly in liquid in a closed dish or pan. 2) informal a state of anxiety or agitation. 3) archaic a public steam bath. 4) archaic a brothel. ► VERB 1) cook slowly in liquid in a closed dish or pan.… …   English terms dictionary

  • stew — stew1 [sto͞o, styo͞o] vt. [ME stuen < MFr estuver, to stew, bathe < VL * extufare < L ex, out + Gr typhos, steam, smoke < IE * dheubh < base * dheu , blow, be turbid > DULL] to cook by simmering or boiling slowly for a long time …   English World dictionary

  • Stew — Stew, v. i. To be seethed or cooked in a slow, gentle manner, or in heat and moisture. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stew — Stew, n. [Cf. {Stow}.] 1. A small pond or pool where fish are kept for the table; a vivarium. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Chaucer. Evelyn. [1913 Webster] 2. An artificial bed of oysters. [Local, U.S.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stew — index imbroglio Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • stew — vb *boil, seethe, simmer, parboil …   New Dictionary of Synonyms


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