Staten Island


Staten Island
/stat"n/
1. an island facing New York Bay.
2. Formerly, Richmond. a borough of New York City including this island. 352,121; 641/2 sq. mi. (167 sq. km).

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Island in New York Harbor, a borough (pop., 2000: 443,728) of New York, New York, U.S. It has an area of almost 60 sq mi (155 sq km) and is connected to Brooklyn by the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and to New Jersey by several bridges; it is accessible to Manhattan by the Staten Island Ferry.

The Dutch attempted to colonize the island in 1630 but were thwarted by the Delaware Indian inhabitants until 1661, when the Dutch West India Co. granted the island to the French and settlements were established. Following the acquisition of New Netherland in 1664 by Great Britain, English and Welsh farmers established homes and farms on the island. As Richmond, it became a borough of New York City in 1898; Staten Island was made the official name in 1975. Mostly residential, the island has some industry, including shipbuilding yards, printing plants, and oil-storage tanks and refineries. It is the seat of Wagner College (1883, moved from Rochester in 1918).

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▪ island and borough, New York City, New York, United States
 island and borough, New York City, southeastern New York state, U.S. The island lies in New York Harbor south of Manhattan and between New Jersey and Brooklyn. With several smaller islands it forms Richmond county and the Staten Island borough of New York City. Roughly triangular, the island has about 35 miles (56 km) of waterfront and an area of almost 60 square miles (155 square km). It is connected with Manhattan by the Staten Island Ferry, which carries passengers and automobiles; with New Jersey by several bridges; and with Brooklyn by the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge. The opening of the latter in 1964 spurred considerable development of the island.

      Attempted European colonization of the island, which was occupied by Unami Indians of the Delaware tribe, began in 1630 by the Dutch. Indian attacks dispelled permanent settlers until 1661, when the Dutch West India Company granted lands to French Waldenses and Huguenots and a colony was established at Oude Dorp (“Old Town”), a few miles south of The Narrows (the channel separating the island from Brooklyn). The island was named for the Staten-Generaal (“States General”) of the Dutch Republic. Following the acquisition of New Netherland in 1664 by Great Britain, English and Welsh farmers established homes and farms on the island.

      The Billopp, or Conference, House in Tottenville was the scene (September 11, 1776) of talks between representatives of the Continental Congress and the British in an unsuccessful attempt at reconciliation during the American Revolution. In 1898 Staten Island, as Richmond, became one of New York City's boroughs. The borough was renamed Staten Island in 1975.

      Staten Island is mostly residential but has some manufacturing; services and trade-related employment are particularly important. It is the seat of Wagner College (founded 1883 in Rochester, moved in 1918) and the College of Staten Island of the City University of New York (1955) and a branch campus of St. John's University (Saint John's University), New York. Points of interest include the Staten Island Institute of Arts and Sciences, Jacques Marchais Center of Tibetan Art, Richmondtown, Staten Island Botanical Garden, Staten Island Zoo, and High Rock Park Nature Conservation Center. Staten Island is the site of the Fresh Kills, the largest garbage disposal site in New York, but also contains the Green Belt, the largest park in the city. Pop. (2000) 443,728.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • STATEN ISLAND — L’une des plus importantes îles bordant le littoral new yorkais. Staten Island se développe au sud de Manhattan, entre la basse vallée de l’Hudson et celle de la Passaic. Presque exclusivement résidentielle, Staten Island correspond… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Staten Island — (spr. ßtēt n ailänd), 1) Insel in der New York Bai, durch den Arthur Kill oder Staten Island Sund und den Kill van Kull von New Jersey, durch die Narrows von Long Island getrennt, 9 km südwestlich von New York, 22 km lang, bis 13 km breit und 154 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Staten Island — [stat′ n] [< Du Staaten Eylandt, States Island, referring to the States General of the Dutch Republic] 1. island in New York Bay: 60 sq mi (155 sq km) 2. borough of New York City, comprising this island & small nearby islands: pop. 444,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Staten Island —   [ stætn aɪlənd], Insel in der New York Bay, USA, bildet mit kleinen Nachbarinseln den Stadtbezirk Richmond (151,8 km2, 1992: 391 000 Einwohner, 1960: 222 000 Einwohner) von New York; Besiedlung und Industrie besonders im Norden und Osten, sonst …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Staten Island — (spr. Steht n Eiländ), Insel an der Küste des Staates New Jersey (Nordamerika), bildet die Grafschaft Richmond (s.d. 6) des Staates New York …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Staten Island — (spr. stätt n eiländ), Insel in der Bai von Neuyork [Karte: Vereinigte Staaten I, 3], vor der Mündung des Hudson, 154 qkm, (1900) 67.021 E., seit 1898 mit Neuyork vereinigt (Borough Richmond) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Staten Island — Infobox Settlement name = Staten Island official name = Richmond County other name = native name = nickname = settlement type =Borough of New York City total type = motto = imagesize = image caption = Staten Island streets with views of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Staten Island — 40° 34′ 35″ N 74° 08′ 41″ W / 40.57628056, 74.14483889 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Staten Island — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: New York Verwaltungssitz: Gründung: 1683 Demographie Einwohner: 443.728  (2000) Bevölkerung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Staten Island — Para otros usos de este término, véase Staten Island (desambiguación). Staten Island Localización País  Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español


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