starling


starling
starling1
/stahr"ling/, n.
1. a chunky, medium-sized European passerine bird, Sturnus vulgaris, of iridescent black plumage with seasonal speckles, that nests in colonies: introduced into North America.
2. any of various similar Old World birds of the family Sturnidae.
[bef. 1050; ME; OE staerling, equiv. to staer starling (c. OHG stara, ON stari) + -ling -LING1; akin to OE stearn kind of bird, L sturnus starling]
starling2
/stahr"ling/, n.
a pointed cluster of pilings for protecting a bridge pier from drifting ice, debris, etc.
[1675-85; orig. uncert.]

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Any of about 168 species (family Sturnidae) of songbirds of temperate Eurasia, Africa, and Australia.

The best-known is Sturnus vulgaris, an 8-in. (20-cm), chunky, iridescent black bird with a long sharp bill. It has been introduced from Eurasia to most parts of the world, except South America. The millions in North America are descendants of 100 birds released in New York City in 1890. Starlings search the ground for a wide range of plant and animal foods and fly in a tight flock. They are vocal year-round, mimicking other birds' notes and uttering wheezy sounds of their own.

Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

(Top) Eric Hosking, (bottom) George W. Robinson from Root Resources
EB Inc.

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bird
 any of a number of birds composing most of the family Sturnidae (order Passeriformes), especially Sturnus vulgaris, a 20-centimetre (8-inch) chunky iridescent black bird with a long sharp bill. It was introduced from Europe and Asia to most parts of the world (South America excepted). The millions in North America are descendants of 100 birds released in New York City in 1890–91. They often damage fruit and grain crops—though they also consume harmful insects—and usurp native songbirds' nest holes. S. vulgaris feeds on the ground and flies in tight flocks; vocal year-round, it mimics other birds' notes and utters wheezy sounds of its own.

      The bare-eyed, or pied, starling (or mynah, q.v.; S. contra), from India to Java, is black, white, and reddish-brown, with yellow eye skin. Glossy starlings, with highly iridescent plumage, include the superb starling (Spreo superbus) of eastern Africa and the shining starling (Aplonis metallica) of Pacific Islands and northeastern Australia. The 36-cm golden-breasted, or regal, starling (Cosmopsarus regius) of eastern Africa, is green, blue, and yellow, with a long tail. The wattled starling (Creatophora cinerea) is brown, gray, and white; uniquely, the breeding male becomes bald, showing bright yellow skin, and grows large black wattles on the crown and throat. For military starlings, see blackbird.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Starling — (engl. Bezeichnung für die Vogelfamilie der Stare) ist der Name von Boris Starling (* 1970), englischer Schriftsteller Ernest Starling (1866–1927), englischer Physiologe Hannah Starling (* 1995), britische Wasserspringerin Simon Starling (* 1967) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Starling — Star ling ( l[i^]ng), n. [OE. sterlyng, a dim. of OE. stare, AS. st[ae]r; akin to AS. stearn, G. star, staar, OHG. stara, Icel. starri, stari, Sw. stare, Dan. st[ae]r, L. sturnus. Cf. {Stare} a starling.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any passerine bird… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • starling — O.E. stærlinc, with dim. suffix linc, from stær starling, from P.Gmc. *staraz (Cf. O.E. stearn, O.N. stari, Norw. stare, O.H.G. stara, Ger. star starling ), from PIE *storo (Cf. L. sturnus starling, O.Pruss …   Etymology dictionary

  • starling — [stär′liŋ] n. [ME < OE stærlinc, dim. of stær, starling < IE * stor(n)os, starling, bird with similar cry > L sturnus] any of an Old World family (Sturnidae) of dark colored passerine birds with a short tail, long wings, and a sharp,… …   English World dictionary

  • starling — ► NOUN ▪ a gregarious songbird with dark lustrous or iridescent plumage. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • Starling — Taxobox name = Starlings image width = 250px image caption = European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes subordo = Passeri familia = Sturnidae familia authority = Rafinesque, 1815… …   Wikipedia

  • Starling — This interesting surname, of Anglo Saxon origin, derives from the Olde English pre 7th Century staerling , Middle English starling meaning starling, the bird. This is an example of that sizeable group of early European surnames that were… …   Surnames reference

  • Starling — Loi de Starling (cardiologie) La loi de Starling décrit le fonctionnement du ventricule cardiaque. Le cœur s adapte à la précharge en changeant sa force de contractilité. Dans les limites physiologiques, le coeur éjecte tout le sang qui lui… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • starling — I. /ˈstalɪŋ / (say stahling) noun 1. any of numerous birds constituting the family Sturnidae, especially the common starling, Sturnus vulgaris, of Eurasia; widely introduced elsewhere as South Africa, North America, New Zealand and Australia… …   Australian English dictionary

  • starling — noun Etymology: Middle English, from Old English stærlinc, from stær starling + ling, linc ling; akin to Old High German stara starling, Latin sturnus Date: before 12th century any of a family (Sturnidae, especially genus Sturnus) of usually dark …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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