Stamford


Stamford
/stam"feuhrd/, n.
1. a city in SW Connecticut. 102,453.
2. a male given name.

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City (pop., 2000: 117,083), southwestern Connecticut, U.S. Stamford lies at the mouth of the Rippowam River on Long Island Sound.

Founded in 1641, it was a farming community until the railroad reached it in the 1840s. It was essentially a residential suburb of New York City until the early 1970s, when several major corporations moved their headquarters there, revitalizing the city's economic life. Its decaying downtown was razed and rebuilt with modern skyscrapers; today Stamford has one of the largest concentrations of corporate headquarters in the U.S.

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      city, coextensive with the town (township) of Stamford, Fairfield county, southwestern Connecticut, U.S. It lies at the mouth of the Rippowam River on Long Island Sound and is 36 miles (58 km) northeast of New York City. The town was founded in 1641 by 28 pioneers from Wethersfield (near Hartford) and was named for its English counterpart in 1642. The borough of Stamford was incorporated within the town in 1830. Stamford was a farming community until the railroad reached it in the 1840s, after which the town grew in size and began to acquire industries—in particular, the Yale and Towne Manufacturing Company (1868), makers of Yale locks (Yale, Linus), hoists, and other hardware. A city government was formed in 1893, and the town and city merged in 1949.

      Until about 1970, Stamford was a residential suburb of New York City and had some industry (machinery, chemicals) and several industrial research laboratories. Since then, however, several major corporations moved their headquarters from New York City to downtown Stamford, thereby revitalizing the city's economic life. Stamford's decaying downtown was razed and rebuilt with modern skyscrapers, and the city became the site of one of the largest concentrations of corporate headquarters (finance, publishing) in the United States. A branch of the University of Connecticut (Connecticut, University of) is located in Stamford, and there is a branch of the Whitney Museum of American Art. Inc. city, 1893. Pop. (1990) city, 108,056; Stamford-Norwalk PMSA, 329,935; (2000) city, 117,083; Stamford-Norwalk PMSA, 353,556.

      town (parish), South Kesteven district, administrative and historic county of Lincolnshire, England, on the River Welland. It is an ancient market town incorporated in 1462. Built of local limestone, it preserves much of its traditional character and architectural distinction and is largely unspoiled by modern industry. Noteworthy churches include St. Mary's, All Saints, and St. Martin's, and there are remains of the 7th-century Benedictine Priory of St. Leonard and a Carmelite monastery (1291). Pop. (2001) 19,525.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Stamford — Stamford, 1) Stadt (municipal borough) in der engl. Grafschaft Kesteven (Lincolnshire), am schiffbaren Welland, hat mehrere alte Kirchen, Reste einer Benediktinerabtei (7. Jahrh.), ein literarisches Institut mit Museum, eine Lateinschule,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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