South Yorkshire


South Yorkshire
a metropolitan county in N England. 1,317,500; 603 sq. mi. (1561 sq. km).

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Metropolitan county (pop., 2001: 1,266,337), north-central England.

It lost its administrative functions in 1986 and is now only a geographic and ceremonial county; its administrative seat was Barnsley. South Yorkshire extends from the Pennine moorlands in the west to lowland marshes in the east. The Romans built roads and forts in the area, and Anglian and later Scandinavian settlers cleared woodlands. In the 19th century the region grew as a major industrial area, and the River Don valley became the focus of iron-and steelworks extending east from Sheffield. Today South Yorkshire includes most of England's coalfields; its industries produce iron, steel, and cutlery.

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      metropolitan county in north-central England. It comprises four metropolitan boroughs: Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham, and the city of Sheffield. South Yorkshire lies within the historic county of Yorkshire, except for three areas. In the metropolitan borough of Doncaster the parish of Finningley and the area west of Bawtry are part of the historic county of Nottinghamshire, and in the city of Sheffield the area around Beighton and Mosborough belongs to the historic county of Derbyshire. From 1974 to 1986 South Yorkshire was an administrative unit. In 1986 the metropolitan county lost its administrative powers, and its constituent boroughs became autonomous administrative units, or unitary authorities. South Yorkshire is now a geographic and ceremonial county without administrative authority.

      South Yorkshire's physical geography is diverse. In the west the high Pennine (Pennines) moorlands, composed of limestone and millstone grit, descend to the valleys of the Rivers Don and Dearne, which flow into a lowland around Doncaster in the east. Much of the lowland, including the marshes of Hatfield, Thorne, and Humberhead, has been drained. The Don rises in the Pennines and flows eastward through the Rivers Aire and Ouse to the River Humber.

      In the 19th century the proximity to coal supplies and the arrival of railways stimulated the region's industrial growth. The Don valley became the focus of a belt of ironworks and steelworks extending eastward from Sheffield. Today South Yorkshire includes most of England's main coalfield, but mining declined dramatically in the late 20th century. A few highly mechanized mines still operate around Doncaster, the headquarters of Britain's remaining coal industry. The iron and steel industry, based in Sheffield and Rotherham, also declined during the late 20th century, but Sheffield, located in the Pennine foothills, is still known for its production of special steels and cutlery. Light manufactures, research and development, food processing, and service activities have compensated somewhat for the loss of employment in mining and heavy industry. Sheffield is South Yorkshire's largest city and main service centre and the site of the University of Sheffield. The metropolitan county encompasses areas of open countryside and part of the Peak District National Park. Area 612 square miles (1,585 square km). Pop. (2001) 1,266,338; (2005 est.) 1,285,600.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • South Yorkshire — Geografie Status: Zeremonielle Grafschaft Region: Yorkshire and the Humber Fläche: 1.552 km² Demografi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • South Yorkshire —   [ saʊθ jɔːkʃɪə], Metropolitan County in England, 1 560 km2, 1,304 Mio. Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz ist Barnsley. Kernstadt des städtischen Verdichtungsraums im Bereich des Penninischen Gebirges ist Sheffield, die mit Abstand nächstgrößten Städte …   Universal-Lexikon

  • South Yorkshire — county in N England: 602 sq mi (1,559 sq km); pop. 1,263,000 …   English World dictionary

  • South Yorkshire — Координаты: 53°22′59″ с. ш. 1°27′53″ з. д. / 53.383056° с. ш. 1.464722° з. д.  …   Википедия

  • South Yorkshire — noun a metropolitan county in northern England • Instance Hypernyms: ↑county • Part Holonyms: ↑England • Part Meronyms: ↑Sheffield * * * a metropolitan county in N England. 1,317,500; 603 sq. mi. (1561 sq. km). * * * South Yorkshire [ …   Useful english dictionary

  • South Yorkshire — Of these settlements above, South Yorkshire has three main urban areas: the Dearne Valley which covers Barnsley and surrounding area; the Sheffield urban area which covers Sheffield, Rotherham and surrounding area; and the Doncaster urban area… …   Wikipedia

  • South Yorkshire — Sp Pietų Jòrkšyras Ap South Yorkshire L Anglijos metropol. grafystė, Jungtinė Karalystė …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • South Yorkshire — South Yorksire es un condado metropolitano en Inglaterra. Limita con Derbyshire, West Yorkshire, North Yorkshire, East Yorkshire, Lincolnshire y Nottinghamshire. Fue creado como condado metropolitano en 1974 como resultado del Acta del Gobierno… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • South Yorkshire — Yorkshire du Sud Yorkshire du Sud Administration Statut Comté métropolitain Comté cérémonial Région Yorkshire et Humber Superficie Total …   Wikipédia en Français

  • South Yorkshire — South York|shire a ↑county in the north of England, whose largest city is Sheffield …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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