solvent


solvent
solventless, adj.solvently, adv.
/sol"veuhnt/, adj.
1. able to pay all just debts.
2. having the power of dissolving; causing solution.
n.
3. a substance that dissolves another to form a solution: Water is a solvent for sugar.
4. something that solves or explains.
[1620-30; < L solvent- (s. of solvens), prp. of solvere to loosen. See SOLVE, -ENT]

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Substance, ordinarily a liquid, in which other materials dissolve to form a solution.

Polar solvents (e.g., water) favour formation of ions; nonpolar ones (e.g., hydrocarbons) do not. Solvents may be predominantly acidic, predominantly basic, amphoteric (both), or aprotic (neither). Organic compounds used as solvents include aromatic compounds and other hydrocarbons, alcohols, esters, ethers, ketones, amines, and nitrated and halogenated hydrocarbons. Their chief uses are as media for chemical syntheses, as industrial cleaners, in extractive processes, in pharmaceuticals, in inks, and in paints, varnishes, and lacquers.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • solvent — solvent …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • solvent — sol·vent / säl vənt/ adj: able to pay all legal debts as they become due Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. solvent …   Law dictionary

  • Solvent — Sol vent (s[o^]l vent), a. [L. solvens, p. pr. of solvere. See {Solvable}.] 1. Having the power of dissolving; dissolving; as, a solvent fluid. The solvent body. Boyle. [1913 Webster] 2. Able or sufficient to pay all just debts; as, a solvent… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Solvent — Sol vent, n. (Chem.) A substance (usually liquid) suitable for, or employed in, solution, or in dissolving something; as, water is the appropriate solvent of most salts, alcohol of resins, ether of fats, and mercury or acids of metals, etc. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Solvent — als Substantiv bezeichnet: in der Chemie ein Lösungsmittel, siehe Solvens solvent als Adjektiv bezeichnet: die Eigenschaft des Zustands der Zahlungsfähigkeit, siehe Solvenz die Eigenschaft eines lösenden Stoffes in der Chemie, siehe Solvens …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • solvent — (adj.) 1650s, able to pay all one owes, from Fr. solvent, from L. solventem (nom. solvens), prp. of solvere loosen, dissolve (see SOLVE (Cf. solve)). Noun meaning substance able to dissolve other substances first recorded 1670s …   Etymology dictionary

  • solvent — Adj. (Aufbaustufe) in der Lage, seinen Verbindlichkeiten nachzukommen, zahlungsfähig Synonym: liquid Beispiel: Vor dem Gewähren eines Kredits überprüft die Bank genau, ob ihr Kunde solvent ist …   Extremes Deutsch

  • Solvent — Solvent. См. Растворитель. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Solvent — (lat.), zahlungsfähig (daher insolvent, zahlungsunfähig); Solvenz, Zahlungsfähigkeit, im Gegensatz zu Insolvenz (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Solvént — (lat.), zahlungsfähig; Solvénz, Zahlungsfähigkeit; Solventĭa, auflösende Heilmittel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • solvent — [adj] financially sound able to pay, financially stable, firm, fit, in the pink*, out of the red*, solid, stable; concepts 314,488 …   New thesaurus