Solemn League and Covenant


Solemn League and Covenant
an agreement (1643) between the parliaments of Scotland and England permitting the promotion of Presbyterianism in Scotland, England, and Ireland. Cf. National Covenant.

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(1643) Agreement between the English and Scots in which the Scots agreed to support the English Parliamentarians in their disputes with the Royalists, and both countries agreed to work for a civil and religious union of England, Scotland, and Ireland under a presbyterian-parliamentary system.

The Scots sent an army to England in 1644, and Charles I surrendered to them in 1646. He later agreed to the covenant and received Scottish military assistance (1647). Neither Oliver Cromwell's Commonwealth nor Charles II (after the 1660 Restoration) honoured the covenant, and it was not renewed. See also Covenanter.

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▪ England-Scotland [1643]
      (1643), agreement between the English and Scots by which the Scots agreed to support the English Parliamentarians in their disputes with the royalists and both countries pledged to work for a civil and religious union of England, Scotland, and Ireland under a presbyterian–parliamentary system; it was accepted by the Church of Scotland (Aug. 17, 1643) and by the English Parliament and the Westminster Assembly (Sept. 25, 1643). Written by Alexander Henderson (Henderson, Alexander), the covenant was considered primarily a civil agreement by the English Parliamentarians, who needed military allies, but the Scots considered it a guarantee of their religious system. It was signed throughout England and Scotland, and in January 1644 the Scots sent an army to England. King Charles I surrendered to them in 1646. When Oliver Cromwell and the Independents gained control of England, they had little sympathy for the Presbyterians and ignored the covenant. In 1647 Charles I accepted the covenant and was given Scottish military assistance, but he ultimately fell to the Independents and was executed in 1649. The future Charles II signed the covenant, along with the National Covenant (1638), in 1650 and 1651, but neither Cromwell's Commonwealth nor King Charles II, after the Restoration (1660), honoured the covenants, and they were never renewed.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Solemn League and Covenant — Solemn Sol emn, a. [OE. solempne, OF. solempne, L. solemnis, solennis, sollemnis, sollennis; sollus all, entire + annus a year; properly, that takes place every year; used especially of religious solemnities. Cf. {Silly}, {Annual}.] 1. Marked… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Solemn League and Covenant — League League (l[=e]g), n. [F. ligue, LL. liga, fr. L. ligare to bind; cf. Sp. liga. Cf. {Ally} a confederate, {Ligature}.] 1. An alliance or combination of two or more nations, parties, organizations, or persons, for the accomplishment of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Solemn League and Covenant — The Solemn League and Covenant was an agreement between the Scottish Covenanters and the leaders of the English Parliamentarians. It was agreed to in 1643, during the First English Civil War.The Protestant leaders of the embattled English… …   Wikipedia

  • Solemn League and Covenant — Gedenkstein an die Unterzeichnung der Solemn League and Covenant durch Karl II. Der Solemn League and Covenant war ein Abkommen, das während des Englischen Bürgerkrieges zwischen den schottischen Covenanters und Führern des englischen Parlamentes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Solemn League and Covenant — an agreement (1643) between the parliaments of Scotland and England permitting the promotion of Presbyterianism in Scotland, England, and Ireland. Cf. National Covenant …   Useful english dictionary

  • SOLEMN LEAGUE AND COVENANT —    See COVENANT, THE NATIONAL …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Solemn League and Covenant —  Торжественная Лига и Договор …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • COVENANT, SOLEMN LEAGUE AND —    an engagement, with representatives from Scotland, on the part of the English Parliament to secure to the Scotch the terms of their National Covenant, and signed by honourable members in St. Margaret s Church, Westminster, September 25, 1643,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • LEAGUE AND COVENANT, SOLEMN —    See COVENANT, THE NATIONAL …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Covenant — Cov e*nant (k?v ? nant), n. [OF. covenant, fr. F. & OF. convenir to agree, L. convenire. See {Convene}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A mutual agreement of two or more persons or parties, or one of the stipulations in such an agreement. [1913 Webster] Then… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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