sodium chloride


sodium chloride
salt1 (def. 1).
[1865-70]

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Inorganic compound of sodium and chlorine, a salt in which ionic bonds hold the two components in the familiar white crystals.

Salt is essential to health as a source of sodium; blood and all other physiological fluids are dilute salt solutions. One of the most widely employed materials of the chemical industry, it is used in manufacturing chlorine, caustic soda, sodium carbonate, bicarbonate of soda, soap, and chlorine bleach, as well as in ceramic glazes, metallurgy, food preservation, curing of hides, road de-icing, water softening, photography, and many consumer products, including mineral waters, mouthwashes, and table salt itself. It is mined, extracted from seawater, and obtained from dry salt lakes called pans. See also halite.

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      (NaCl), common salt, a compound of sodium and chlorine consisting either of colourless, transparent crystals or of a white crystalline powder. See salt; sodium.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sodium chloride — n an ionic crystalline chemical compound consisting of equal numbers of sodium and chlorine atoms: SALT (1a) * * * common salt: a salt of sodium that is present in all tissues and is important in maintaining the electrolyte balance of the body.… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sodium chloride — Sodium So di*um, n. [NL., fr.E. soda.] (Chem.) A common metallic element of the alkali group, in nature always occuring combined, as in common salt, in albite, etc. It is isolated as a soft, waxy, white, unstable metal, so highly reactive that it …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sodium chloride — n [U] technical the type of salt that is used in cooking …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • sodium chloride — noun uncount TECHNICAL salt …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • sodium chloride — ► NOUN ▪ the chemical name for common salt …   English terms dictionary

  • sodium chloride — n. common salt, NaCl …   English World dictionary

  • Sodium chloride — NaCl redirects here. For the Google technology, see Google Native Client. This article is about the chemical compound. For sodium chloride in the diet, see Salt. For sodium chloride as a mineral, see Halite. Sodium chloride …   Wikipedia

  • sodium chloride — noun a white crystalline solid consisting mainly of sodium chloride (NaCl) • Syn: ↑common salt • Hypernyms: ↑binary compound • Hyponyms: ↑halite, ↑rock salt …   Useful english dictionary

  • sodium chloride — common salt: a salt of sodium that is present in all tissues and is important in maintaining the electrolyte balance of the body. Sodium chloride infusions are the basis of fluid replacement therapy after operations and for conditions associated… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Sodium chloride — Хлорид натрия Общие Систематическое наименование хлорид натрия / Sodium chloride Химическая формула NaCl Молярная масса 58.44277 г/м …   Википедия

  • sodium chloride — noun Sodium chloride is used before these nouns: ↑solution …   Collocations dictionary


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