- Sobhuza II
/saw booh"zeuh/1899-1982, king of Swaziland 1921-82.
* * *▪ king of Swazilandbyname Ngwenyama (siSwati language: “Lion”)born July 22, 1899, Swazilanddied Aug. 21, 1982, Lobzilla Palace, near Mbabane, Swazilandking of the Swazi from 1921 and of the Kingdom of Swaziland from 1967 to 1982.His father, King Ngwane V, died when Sobhuza was an infant, and a queen regent ruled during his minority, while he was being educated in Swaziland and at the Lovedale Institute in Cape province, S.Af. He finally was installed as constitutional ruler of the Swazi on Dec. 22, 1921. At the time, Swaziland was one of Great Britain's High Commission territories in southern Africa.In 1967–68 Swaziland achieved independence from Great Britain, with a limited monarchy and an elected legislature. Less than five years later (in April 1973), using a private army that he had secretly raised and equipped, Sobhuza suspended the constitution, dissolved the legislature, outlawed political parties, and assumed supreme power to rule. A new parliament (Libandla) was established in 1979, but it was elected without political parties and its role was merely advisory.Sobhuza prospered by the use of political and family alliances. His many marriages (at least 70) helped to bind the nation together by tying all important families to his own clan, the Dlamini, who constituted about one-quarter of the population. One history of the Swazi listed 67 sons of the king; some estimates suggest as many as 500 children.Upon Sobhuza's death, Swaziland was ruled by a regency for one of his sons, Makhosetive, who became King Mswati III in 1986.
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Sobhuza I — (Ngwane IV) Dlamini (ca. 1780 1839?) was king of Swaziland, from 1805(?) to 1839(?). Born around 1780, his father was Ndvungunye (Mavuso II, a.k.a. Zikhodze), and his mother was Somnjalose Simelane. He was called Somhlolo, the Wonder, upon his… … Wikipedia
Sobhuza II — du Swaziland Sobhuza II Chef suprême puis 1er roi du Swaziland … Wikipédia en Français
Sobhuza — can refer to: *Sobhuza I of Swaziland *Sobhuza II of Swaziland … Wikipedia
Sobhuza II — (1899 1982) roi du Swaziland en 1921; il proclama l indépendance de son pays en 1968 … Encyclopédie Universelle
Sobhuza I — ▪ king of Swaziland born c. 1795 died 1836/39, near Manzini, Swaziland South African king (reigned from about 1815) who founded the Swazi nation (now Swaziland). A contemporary of the great Zulu kings Shaka and Zwide, Sobhuza was… … Universalium
Sobhuza II. — König Sobhuza II. (* 22. Juli 1899; † 21. August 1982) war von 1899 bis 1968 der Oberste Häuptling von Swasiland, nach der Unabhängigkeit Swasilands von Großbritannien regierte er das Land bis 1982 als König. Im Alter von vier Monaten wurde der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sobhuza II — /sɒˈbuza/ (say so boohzah) noun 1899–1982, king of Swaziland 1921–82 … Australian English dictionary
Sobhuza II — /saw booh zeuh/ 1899 1982, king of Swaziland 1921 82 … Useful english dictionary
Sobhuza I of Swaziland — Sobhuza I (Ngwane IV) Dlamini (ca. 1780 1839?) was king ( ngwenyama ) of KaNgwane, now known as Swaziland, from 1805(?) to 1839(?). Born around 1780, his father was Ndvungunye (Mavuso II, a.k.a. Zikhodze), and his mother was Somnjalose Simelane.… … Wikipedia
Sobhuza II de Swaziland — Sobhuza II du Swaziland Sobhuza II Chef suprême puis 1er roi du Swaziland … Wikipédia en Français