slalom


slalom
/slah"leuhm, -lohm/, n.
1. Skiing. a downhill race over a winding and zigzag course marked by poles or gates. Cf. giant slalom.
2. any winding or zigzag course marked by obstacles or barriers, as one in which automobiles are tested for maneuverability or drivers for reaction time.
v.i.
3. Skiing. to ski in or as if in a slalom.
4. to move in a winding or zigzag fashion; weave.
5. to follow a course with many twists and turns.
adj.
6. of, for, or designating a zigzag course with obstacles, barriers, or the like: an excellent slalom skier.
[1920-25; < Norw slalåm, equiv. to sla(d) sloping + låm track]

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Alpine skiing event in which competitors race one at a time down a zigzag or wavy course past a series of flags or markers called gates.

The course is carefully designed to test the skier's skill, timing, and judgment. A skier who misses a gate is disqualified unless he or she returns and passes through it from the proper side. Men's events use 55–75 gates, women's 45–65. The giant slalom has characteristics of both slalom and downhill skiing; giant-slalom gates are wider and set farther apart, and the course is longer than in the slalom. The supergiant slalom ("super-G") is closer to downhill; its course is steeper and straighter than that of the other slalom events and features longer, more sweeping turns taken at higher speed.

Skier competing in the giant slalom.

Laura Riley
Stock, Boston

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▪ ski race
 ski (skiing) race that follows a winding course between gates (pairs of poles topped with flags), devised by British sportsman Arnold Lunn (Lunn, Sir Arnold) (later Sir Arnold Lunn) in the early 1920s. (Although in 1905 Austrian Matthias Zdarsky (Zdarsky, Matthias) had developed a “testing run,” an 85-gate slalom, this had little effect and no influence on modern slalom racing.) Slalom is one of the Alpine events, so called because they originated in the Alps of Europe. It is governed by the Fédération Internationale de Ski (FIS), which held the first world championship in slalom in 1931. The sport was added to the Olympic (Olympic Games) Winter program in the 1936 Games held at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Ger.

      The course is carefully designed to test the skill, timing, and judgment of competitors. The gates are placed in varying combinations, and it demands great skill to achieve the best line of approach and exit with the different combinations. A skier who misses a gate is disqualified. The gates are at least 75 cm (30 in) wide and 4 m (13 ft) apart. When first developed, slalom gates were small flags stuck in the snow; they were replaced by longer bamboo canes, which could snap back and hit competitors. To solve this problem, new plastic gates were devised that have springs to regulate the motion of the gates, thereby causing them to tilt when the skiers make contact with them. For Olympic and world championship events, the men's course must have a vertical descent of 180 to 220 m (590 to 722 ft) and the women's must have a drop of 130 to 180 m (426 to 590 ft); for other events and less-skilled contestants, the course may be shorter and less difficult. Men's events use 55 to 75 gates; women's use 45 to 60.

      The giant slalom has characteristics of both the slalom and the downhill (downhill skiing), the latter a longer, faster race. Giant slalom gates are wider and set farther apart, and the course is longer than in the slalom. The event was first included in the world championships in 1950 and in the Olympics in 1952. The supergiant slalom, or super-G, race is primarily a speed event, with many of the features of downhill skiing. The course is steeper and straighter than the other slalom events and features longer, more-sweeping turns taken at a higher speed. Just as in downhill, the winner is decided in a single run. The super-G was included in the world championships in 1987 and in the Olympics in 1988.

      In top international events, slalom competitors usually take two runs without practice on two different courses. The winner is the one with the lowest combined time.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • slalom — [ slalɔm ] n. m. • 1908; mot norv. ♦ Épreuve de ski alpin, descente sinueuse avec passage obligatoire entre plusieurs paires de piquets (⇒ 1. porte). Course de slalom, descente en slalom. Slalom géant (⇒ 1. flèche ) , spécial (⇒ chamois) . ♢… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Slalom — zu zweit mit Inlineskates …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • slalom — SLÁLOM, slalomuri, s.n.. Coborâre pe schiuri într o succesiune de viraje. ♦ Probă din schiul alpin care constă în coborârea în două manşe a unei pante, prin anumite puncte de trecere obligatorii (denumite porţi). ♢ Slalom nautic = ramură din… …   Dicționar Român

  • Slalom — Sm Rennen durch einen ausgesteckten Kurs per. Wortschatz fach. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus nnorw. slalåm f., aus nnorw. slad geneigt und nnorw. låm Schleppspur und im Genus an Lauf (laufen) angepaßt. Die heute üblichen Fahnentore wurden… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • slalom — slàlom m DEFINICIJA sport 1. natjecateljska disciplina u kajaku i kanuu na divljim vodama, na stazama dužine do 800 m, s prirodnim i umjetnim preprekama 2. tehnički najzahtjevnija alpska skijaška disciplina s mnogobrojnim vratima i oštrim kutom… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • slalom — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. slalommie, sport. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} konkurencja sportowa lub ćwiczenie sprawnościowe polegające na jak najszybszym i jak najdokładniejszym przebyciu trasy z rozstawionymi tyczkami, które trzeba ominąć… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • slalom — [slä′ləm] n. [Norw, ski track with an even slope < dial. slad, sloping gently + lom, trail] Skiing 1. a timed Alpine race downhill over a zigzag course marked by flag topped poles, or gates: see GATE1 (n. 8): cf. GIANT SLALOM 2. any race over… …   English World dictionary

  • slàlom — m sport 1. {{001f}}natjecateljska disciplina u kajaku i kanuu na divljim vodama, na stazama dužine do 800 m, s prirodnim i umjetnim preprekama 2. {{001f}}tehnički najzahtjevnija alpska skijaška disciplina s mnogobrojnim vratima i oštrim kutom… …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • slalom — / zlalom/ s.m. [voce norv., comp. di sla piegato, non diritto , e låm traccia dello sci ]. [serie di rapidi cambiamenti di direzione allo scopo di eludere gli ostacoli, anche fig.: fare uno s. tra la folla ] ▶◀ serpentina, zig zag. ‖ dribblaggio …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • slalom — → eslalon …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • slalom — 1921, from Norw. slalam skiing race, lit. sloping track, from sla slope + lam track (related to Norw. laan a row of houses; Cf. LANE (Cf. lane)) …   Etymology dictionary


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