sizing


sizing
/suy"zing/, n.
1. the act or process of applying size or preparing with size.
2. size, as for glazing paper or strengthening fabric.
[1625-35; SIZE2 + -ING1]

* * *

      coating with a gelatinous or other substance to add strength or stiffness or to reduce absorbency. In the visual arts, a canvas or panel is prepared for painting by applying size, a dilute mixture of glue or a resinous substance. In oil painting it is essential that the canvas be coated with size so that its absorbency is reduced and contact with the paint, which would lead ultimately to the decay of the canvas fibre, is avoided. Hide glue is most frequently used to treat canvas, having largely replaced parchment size, which was recommended by the 14th-century Italian artist and writer Cennino Cennini.

      Sizing is done in interior decoration to prepare surfaces, especially bare and absorbent ones such as wallboard or gypsum board, for the application of wallpaper or to prepare wallpapered surfaces for painting.

      In textiles (textile) and paper production, sizing is applied so as to form a solid, continuous surface film, imparting such characteristics as smoothness, stiffness, weight, and lustre. Yarn acquires strength and abrasion resistance from sizing. Common sizing substances are starch, wax, gelatin, oil, and certain polymers.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sizing — or size is a substance that is applied to porous materials as a glaze or filler. It is used to change surface properties in papermaking, gilding, and the manufacture of textiles. Papermaking Sizing is used on fibers during paper manufacture in… …   Wikipedia

  • Sizing up — est un film pornographique gay, réalisé par les studios Huge, en 1984. Fiche technique Titre : Sizing Up Réalisateur : Matt Sterling Producteur : Huge Année : 1984 Durée : 80 minutes Distribution Doug Cory Joe Craig Steve …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sizing Up — est un film pornographique gay, réalisé par les studios Huge, en 1984. Fiche technique Titre : Sizing Up Réalisateur : Matt Sterling Producteur : Huge Année : 1984 Durée : 80 minutes Distribution Doug Cory Joe Craig Steve …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sizing — Siz ing, n. 1. Act of covering or treating with size. [1913 Webster] 2. A weak glue used in various trades; size. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sizing — Siz ing, n. 1. The act of sorting with respect to size. [1913 Webster] 2. The act of bringing anything to a certain size. [1913 Webster] 3. (Univ. of Cambridge, Eng.) Food and drink ordered from the buttery by a student. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sizing — Sizing. См. Калибровка. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • sizing — [sī′ziŋ] n. 1. SIZE2 2. the act or process of applying such size …   English World dictionary

  • Sizing — Size Size, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sized}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Sizing}.] To cover with size; to prepare with size. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sizing — noun a) A gelatinous glue for glazing or sizing canvas, paper, plaster or wood; often made from animal skins. b) paste …   Wiktionary

  • sizing —    Treatment of a fabric or other surface with size any of several gooey substances usually made from glue (the best is made from rabbit skin), wax, or clay and used as a glaze or filler for porous material such as paper, cloth, or wall surfaces …   Glossary of Art Terms


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.