Sint Maarten


Sint Maarten
/sint mahr"tn/.
See St. Martin.

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▪ part of Netherlands Antilles
also spelled  Saint Martin 
 part of the Netherlands Antilles occupying the southern third of the island of Saint Martin, Lesser Antilles, in the Caribbean Sea. The northern two-thirds of the island constitutes the French overseas collectivity of Saint-Martin.

      The Arawak and Carib inhabited the island before its sighting by Christopher Columbus (Columbus, Christopher) in November 1493. It was claimed by several European powers—notably the Dutch and the French, who partitioned the island in 1648. The Dutch part of the island has coastal lagoons, salt pans, and sand spits. It became a part of the Dutch West Indies in 1828 and in 1845 became one of the original six (now five) island territories of the Netherlands Antilles. The capital is Philipsburg. The economy is based increasingly on tourism as the government encourages exploitation of the island's most valuable natural resources: its clean beaches and pleasant climate.

      In 1989 the political leadership of Sint Maarten announced its desire to achieve full independence as soon as possible. In 2006 the people of Sint Maarten agreed, along with the other islands and the government of The Netherlands, to dissolve the Netherlands Antilles within the following several years. Sint Maarten and Curaçao would become autonomous countries within the kingdom of The Netherlands, similar in status to Aruba, which was formerly a part of the Netherlands Antilles. Area 13 square miles (34 square km). Pop. (2005 est.) 35,035.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sint Maarten — Sint Maarten …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sint Maarten — Sint Maarten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sint Maarten —   [sɪnt maːrtə], Insel der Kleinen Antillen, Saint Martin …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sint Maarten — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Sint Maarten <p></p> Background: <p></p> Although sighted by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1493 and claimed for Spain, it was the Dutch who occupied the island in 1631 and… …   The World Factbook

  • Sint Maarten — For the island of St. Martin on the whole, see Saint Martin, for the French side, see Saint Martin (France) and for other uses, see Saint Martin (disambiguation). Infobox Country native name = Eilandgebied St. Maarten conventional long name =… …   Wikipedia

  • Sint-Maarten — Saint Martin (Pays Bas) 18° 01′ 55″ N 63° 04′ 04″ W / 18.0319, 63.0677 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sint Maarten — Saint Martin (Pays Bas) 18° 01′ 55″ N 63° 04′ 04″ W / 18.0319, 63.0677 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sint Maarten — Sint Maar•ten [[t]sɪnt ˈmɑr tn[/t]] n. geg Dutch name of St. Martin …   From formal English to slang

  • Sint Maarten — /sint mahr tn/. See St. Martin …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sint Maarten — /sɪnt ˈmatə/ (say sint mahtuh) noun → St Martin …   Australian English dictionary


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