shrub


shrub
shrub1
shrubless, adj.shrublike, adj.
/shrub/, n.
a woody plant smaller than a tree, usually having multiple permanent stems branching from or near the ground.
[bef. 1000; ME shrubbe, OE scrybb brushwood; c. dial. Dan skrub]
shrub2
/shrub/, n.
any of various acidulated beverages made from the juice of fruit, sugar, and other ingredients, often including alcohol.
[1740-50; < Ar, metathetic var. of shurb drink; see SHERBET]

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Any woody plant that has several stems, none of which is dominant, and is usually less than 10 ft (3 m) tall.

When much-branched and dense, it may be called a bush. Intermediate between shrubs and trees are arborescences, or treelike shrubs (10–20 ft, or 3–6 m, tall). Trees are generally defined as woody plants more than 20 ft (6 m) tall, having a dominant stem, or trunk, and a definite crown shape. These distinctions are not reliable, however; for example, under especially favourable environmental conditions, some shrubs may grow to the size of an arborescence or even a small tree.

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plant
      any woody plant that has several stems, none dominant, and is usually less than 3 m (10 feet) tall. When much-branched and dense, it may be called a bush. Intermediate between shrubs and trees (tree) are arborescences, or treelike shrubs, from 3 to 6 m tall. Trees are generally defined as woody plants more than 6 m tall, having a dominant stem, or trunk, and a definite crown shape. These distinctions are not reliable, however, for there are some shrubs, such as lilacs and honeysuckles, that, under especially favourable environmental conditions, grow to the size of an arborescence or even a small tree. Some specimens of a plant species may take a tree form, whereas others, under different conditions, may assume a shrub or arborescent form—e.g., sumacs, willows, and spruces.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • shrub — shrub1 [shrub] n. [Early ME schrubbe < OE scrybb, brushwood, akin to SCRUB1, Dan skrubbe] a low, woody plant with several permanent stems instead of a single trunk; bush shrublike adj. shrub2 [shrub] n. [Ar sharāb, a drink: see SYRUP] …   English World dictionary

  • Shrub — Shrub, n. [Ar. shirb, shurb, a drink, beverage, fr. shariba to drink. Cf. {Sirup}, {Sherbet}.] A liquor composed of vegetable acid, especially lemon juice, and sugar, with spirit to preserve it. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shrub — Shrub, n. [OE. schrob, AS. scrob, scrobb; akin to Norw. skrubba the dwarf cornel tree.] (Bot.) A woody plant of less size than a tree, and usually with several stems from the same root. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shrub — Shrub, v. t. To lop; to prune. [Obs.] Anderson (1573). [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shrub — (schröbb), engl. Getränk aus Branntwein, Citronen , Apfelsinensaft und Zucker …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • shrub — [ʃrʌb] n [: Old English; Origin: scrybb] a small bush with several woody stems …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shrub — [ ʃrʌb ] noun count a low thick bush, especially one that has been planted in a yard …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • shrub — O.E. scrybb brushwood, shrubbery, a rare and late word, possibly from a Scandinavian source (Cf. dialectal Dan. skrub brushwood, Norw. skrubba dwarf tree ). Presumably related to N.Fris. skrobb broom plant, brushwood; W.Flem. schrobbe climbing… …   Etymology dictionary

  • shrub — ► NOUN ▪ a woody plant which is smaller than a tree and has several main stems arising at or near the ground. DERIVATIVES shrubby adjective. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • shrub|by — «SHRUHB ee», adjective, bi|er, bi|est. 1. like shrubs. 2. covered with shrubs. 3. consisting of shrubs …   Useful english dictionary

  • shrub — semi·shrub; shrub·ber·ied; shrub·bery; shrub·bi·ness; shrub·by; shrub; shrub·let; sub·shrub; …   English syllables


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