- shot put
1. a field event in which a heavy ball or shot is thrown or put for distance.2. a single throw or put of the shot.[1895-1900]
* * *Field event in which a metal ball is heaved for distance.It derives from the ancient event of "putting the stone"; later a shot (cannonball) was substituted. A 16-lb (7.3-kg) shot was adopted for men in the first modern Olympic Games (1896); an 8.8-lb (4-kg) weight is used by women.
* * *sport in athletics (track and field) in which a spherical weight is thrown, or put, from the shoulder for distance. It derives from the ancient sport of putting the stone.The first to use a shot (cannon ball) instead of a stone competitively were British military sports groups. Although the weight varied in early events from 3.63 to 10.9 kg (8 to 24 pounds), a standard, regulation-weight 7.26-kg (16-pound) shot was adopted for men in the first modern Olympic Games (1896) and in international competition. The event was added to the women's Olympic program in 1948. The weight of the shot used for women's competition is 4 kg (8.8 pounds); lighter weights are also used in school, collegiate, and veteran competitions.The shot generally is made of solid iron or brass, although any metal not softer than brass may be used. It is put from a circle 2.135 metres (7 feet) in diameter into a 40° sector as measured from the centre of the circle. The circle has a stop board 10 cm (4 inches) high at its front; if the competitor steps on or out of the circle, the throw is invalidated. The shot is put with one hand and must be held near the chin to start. It may not drop below or behind shoulder level at any time.Constant improvements in technique have resulted in better than doubled record distances. The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) recognizes the first official world record as 9.44 metres (31 feet) by J.M. Mann of the United States in 1876. It had long been conventional to start from a position facing at a right angle to the direction of the put. In the 1950s, however, American Parry O'Brien (O'Brien, Parry) developed a style of beginning from a position facing backward. Thus he brought the shot around 180°, rather than the usual 90°, and found that the longer he pushed the shot, the farther it would travel. By 1956 O'Brien had doubled Mann's record with a put of 19.06 metres (62.5 feet), and with this success, his style was almost universally imitated. By 1965 American Randy Matson (Matson, Randy) had pushed the record beyond 21 metres (68 feet); later athletes extended the world mark to more than 23 metres (75 feet), many using a technique in which the putter spins with the shot for more than 360°.
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shot-put — «SHOT PUT», noun. an athletic contest in which a person sends a heavy metal ball through the air as far as he can with one push. * * * the ˈshot put [shot put shot puts] noun singular ( … Useful english dictionary
shot put — shot′ put n. 1) spo a field event in which a heavy ball or shot is thrown or put for distance 2) a single throw or put of the shot • Etymology: 1895–1900 shot′ put ter, n. shot′ put ting, n … From formal English to slang
shot put — n. Track & Field 1. a contest in which a heavy metal ball is propelled for distance with an overhand thrust from the shoulder 2. a single put of the shot shot putter n. shot putting n … English World dictionary
shot put — n [singular] a sport in which you throw a heavy metal ball as far as you can >shot putter n ▪ an Olympic shot putter … Dictionary of contemporary English
shot put — ► NOUN ▪ an athletic contest in which a very heavy round ball is thrown as far as possible. DERIVATIVES shot putter noun shot putting noun … English terms dictionary
Shot put — The shot put is an athletics (track and field) event involving putting (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy metal ball (called the shot) as far as possible. It is common to use the term shot put to refer to both the shot itself and to the… … Wikipedia
shot put — N SING: usu the N In athletics, the shot put is a competition in which people throw a heavy metal ball as far as possible. Derived words: shot putter plural N COUNT ...Canadian shot putter Georgette Reed … English dictionary
shot-put — stūmimas statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Klasikinė sunkiosios atletikos rungtis – štangos stūmimas: štangos kėlimas abiem rankomis ir stūmimas nuo krūtinės aukštyn, kol rankos ištiesiamos per alkūnes. atitikmenys: angl. jerk; … Sporto terminų žodynas
shot-put — stūmimas statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Lengvosios atletikos rungtis – rutulio stūmimas: 4–7,257 kg rutulio stūmimas į tolį viena ranka. atitikmenys: angl. jerk; shot put vok. Stossen, n rus. толкание; толчок … Sporto terminų žodynas
shot-put — stūmimas statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Svarsčių užkėlimas abiem rankomis ant krūtinės ir išstūmimas aukštyn ištiesiant rankas ir pritupiant. atitikmenys: angl. jerk; shot put vok. Stossen, n rus. толкание; толчок … Sporto terminų žodynas