Sharif


Sharif
/shah reef"/, n.
a male given name: from an Arabic word meaning "exalted."

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▪ Arabic title
Arabic  sharīf (“noble” or “high-born”) , plural  ashrāf 

      Arabic title of respect, restricted, after the advent of Islam, to members of Muhammad's clan of Hāshim—in particular, to descendants of his uncles al-ʿAbbās and Abū Ṭālib and of the latter's son ʿAlī by Muhammad's daughter Fāṭimah. In the Hejaz (western coast of Arabia), the title of sharif is said to have been further restricted to the descendants of Ḥasan, the elder son of ʿAlī and Fāṭimah. Sharifs originally were heads of prominent families in a town. Later they supplied the local semiautonomous rulers of Mecca and Medina, especially when the cities were under the suzerainty of Baghdad and Cairo, while after the establishment of Ottoman rule, the Ottomans normally recognized the senior representative of the sharifs as prince of Mecca.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • sharif — (n.) 1560, shereef, from Arabic sharif noble, glorious, from sharafa to be exalted. A descendant of Muhammad through his daughter Fatima …   Etymology dictionary

  • Sharif —   [ʃa ], Omar, Umar Scharif, eigentlich Michael Chalhoub, ägyptischer Schauspieler, * Alexandria 10. 4. 1932; übernahm 1953 seine erste Filmrolle; wurde Anfang der 60er Jahre zum romantischen Star des internationalen Films.   Filme: Lawrence von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • sharif — [shə rēf′] n. var. of SHERIF …   English World dictionary

  • sharif — /sheuh reef /, n. sherif. [1590 1600] * * * ▪ Arabic title Arabic  sharīf (“noble” or “high born”) , plural  ashrāf        Arabic title of respect, restricted, after the advent of Islam, to members of Muhammad s clan of Hāshim in particular, to… …   Universalium

  • sharif — also sherif noun Etymology: Arabic sharīf, literally, illustrious Date: 1599 a descendant of the prophet Muhammad through his daughter Fatima; broadly one of noble ancestry or political preeminence in predominantly Islamic countries • sharifian… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sharif — n. (also shereef, sherif) 1 a descendant of Muhammad through his daughter Fatima, entitled to wear a green turban or veil. 2 a Muslim leader. Etymology: Arab. sarif noble f. sarafa be exalted * * * sharif, Sharifian varr. shereef, Shereefian a …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sharif — biographical name Nawaz 1949 prime minister of Pakistan (1990 93; 1997 99) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sharīf — noun A traditional Arab tribal title given to those who serve as the protector of the tribe and all tribal assets …   Wiktionary


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