Sergius III


Sergius III
died A.D. 911, pope 904-911.

* * *

pope
born , Rome [Italy]
died April 14, 911, Rome

      pope from 904 to 911, during a scandalous period of pontifical history.

      Of noble birth, Sergius was a deacon when made bishop of Caere by Pope Formosus, during whose pontificate powerful Roman factions developed that involved the influential Tusculani count Theophylactus. Later, Sergius became a supporter of Pope Stephen VI (Stephen VI (or VII)) (VII), who exhumed Formosus' corpse, subjected it to a posthumous trial (the “Cadaver Synod”), and nullified Formosus' pontificate and acts. The ensuing intrigue became complex and malicious, casting a shadow over the papacy: from 896 (Formosus' death) to 904 (Sergius' consecration) there was a bloodstained succession of seven popes and one antipope, most of whom were concerned either to rehabilitate Formosus' memory or to degrade it again.

      Sergius was elected pope by Stephen's party in 898, simultaneously with the opposing faction's candidate, Pope John IX, who later abrogated Stephen's acts by exonerating Formosus. Sergius attempted to seize the papacy but was expelled from Rome by his adversaries. The antipope Christopher drove Pope Leo V out of Rome in 903, and, in the following year, Sergius, with the military help of the Tusculani Alberic I of Spoleto, reappeared in Rome and deposed Christopher, who with Leo was apparently strangled by Sergius' orders. Sergius, consecrated pope on Jan. 29, 904, allied himself with Theophylactus, who became virtual dictator of the papal administration and, through the pope's help, expanded his territorial claims.

      Sergius held a synod that reaffirmed the “Cadaver Synod”—which had formally deposed the exhumed body of Pope Formosus—by once again invalidating all of Formosus' ordinations, thus causing the church grave disorders. He considered John, Pope Benedict IV, Leo, and Christopher all as antipopes. Sergius is reputed to have been the lover of Theophylactus' daughter Marozia, and the father of her son, the future pope John XI. Sergius restored the Lateran Basilica, which had collapsed from an earthquake during the posthumous trial of Formosus.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sergius III. — Sergius III. (* unbekannt; † 14. April 911 in Rom) war Gegenpapst im Jahre 898 und Papst vom 29. Januar 904 bis zum 14. April 911. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Historischer Hintergrund 2 Wahl zum Papst 3 Pontifikat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sergius III —     Pope Sergius III     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Sergius III     Date of birth unknown; consecrated 29 Jan., 904; d. 14 April, 911. He was a Roman of noble birth and the son of Benedict. He became a strong upholder of the party opposed to… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • SERGIUS III — SERGIUS III. Romanus, hominum sceleratissimus, vide Platin. in vitis, Baton. in Annal. Morn. in mystor. p. 460. Aldeberti Tusciae Comitis agnati opibus nixus, Christophorô pulsô, se ipsum intrusit, A. C. 906. Saevitiam Stephani VI. quam in… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Sergius III — died A.D. 911, pope 904 911 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sergius III of Amalfi — Sergius III or Sergius IV (died November 1073) was the duke of Amalfi from 1069, when he succeeded his father John II, until his death. He was first appointed co regent by his father in 1031. He and his father were expelled from Amalfi by his… …   Wikipedia

  • Sergius III, Pope — • Reigned 904 911 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Sergius III — Infobox Pope English name=Sergius III birth name=Sergius term start=January 29 904 term end=April 14, 911 predecessor=Leo V successor=Anastasius III birth date=??? birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|911|4|14|mf=y… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Sergius III —     Pope Sergius III     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Sergius III     Date of birth unknown; consecrated 29 Jan., 904; d. 14 April, 911. He was a Roman of noble birth and the son of Benedict. He became a strong upholder of the party opposed to… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sergius — can refer to:Roman Catholic Popes*Pope Sergius I *Pope Sergius II *Pope Sergius III *Pope Sergius IVEastern Orthodox Patriarchs*Patriarch Sergius I of Moscow Patriarch 1943 1944. *Patriarch Sergius I of Constantinople Patriarch 610 638.… …   Wikipedia

  • Sergius (Päpste) — Sergius ist ein lateinischer Vorname. Er bedeutet so viel wie aus dem Geschlecht der Sergier stammend. Sergius hießen folgende Päpste: Sergius I., 687–701 Sergius II., 844–847 Sergius III., 904–911 Sergius IV., 1009–1012 Zudem ist es der Name von …   Deutsch Wikipedia