Sergius II

Sergius II
died A.D. 847, pope 844-847.

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▪ patriarch of Constantinople
died July 1019

      patriarch of Constantinople (1001–19) who claimed the title of “ecumenical patriarch” against the objections of the papacy. He also supported for a time the continuing schismatical movement begun in 867 in the Byzantine church by the patriarch Photius (c. 820–895), occasioned by a speculative theological controversy concerning the doctrine of the divine Trinity.

      Abbot of a monastery in Constantinople, Sergius II was elected patriarch about July 1001. A story that Pope Sergius IV (1009–12) sent Sergius II the Synodicon, a letter insisting on the Latin Trinitarian teaching that the Holy Spirit relates to both Father and Son (Filioque), thus initiating the Eastern schism when Patriarch Sergius reacted by erasing the pope's name from the Byzantine prayer intercessions, is the invention of 12th-century controversialists. Patriarch Sergius' support of the Photian Schism was temporary, for political reasons, and it is not certain that he ever excommunicated Sergius IV for not acknowledging the Greek Orthodox doctrine that the Spirit relates only to the Father.

      Sergius II resisted a movement for the veneration of the 10th-century mystical theologian Simeon the Studite and supported the Byzantine landowners against the attempt of the emperor Basil II (976–1025) to make them answerable for unpaid taxes due from the peasantry.

pope
born , Rome [Italy]
died Jan. 27, 847

      pope from 844 to 847.

      Of noble birth, Sergius was made cardinal by Pope St. Paschal I and became an archpriest under Pope Gregory IV, whom he was elected to succeed by the Roman nobility against the wishes of the populace, which enthroned the deacon John as antipope. Although John momentarily occupied the Lateran Palace in Rome, he was soon imprisoned in a monastery by Sergius, who was consecrated in January 844 without waiting for the sanction of the Frankish emperor Lothar I. The emperor accordingly sent his son Louis II, later his successor, with an army to punish the breach of the Roman Constitution of 824, which had affirmed imperial sovereignty over the pope.

      A peaceful settlement was arranged, in which Sergius agreed that no one could become pope without imperial consent, and Louis swore not to attack Rome. On June 15, 844, Sergius crowned Louis as king of the Lombards. He rejected, however, Roman fealty to Louis as proposed by Bishop Drogo of Metz, arranging, instead, an oath of allegiance to Lothar. In 844 he made Drogo his legate to the Frankish kingdoms.

      Sergius' pontificate was dominated by his brother, Bishop Benedict of Albano, to whom, partly because of his severe gout, he delegated most of the papal business. Benedict proved opportunistic, however, usurping power and finagling money while executing a large building program that included the enlargement of the St. John Lateran Basilica. The worst blow to Sergius' reign was the brutal raid on the Roman walls by the Saracens (Saracen), who pillaged the basilicas of St. Peter and St. Paul. Sergius was accused of failing to provide protection. He died while trying to mediate a dispute between the Italian patriarchs of Aquileia and Grado.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

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  • Sergius — ist ein lateinischer Familienname vermutlich etruskischen Ursprungs.[1] Er bedeutet so viel wie aus dem Geschlecht der Sergier stammend. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Varianten 2 Bekannte Namensträger 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sergius II. — Sergius II. (* ?; † 27. Januar 847) war von 844 an Papst der katholischen Kirche. Sein Name bedeutet: der Diener/aus dem (altrömischen) Geschlecht der Sergier (latein.). Leben Sergius stammte aus einer adligen Familie, aus der insgesamt drei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sergius II —     Pope Sergius II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Sergius II     Date of birth unknown; consecrated in 844, apparently in January; d. 27 Jan., 847. He was of noble birth, and belonged to a family which gave two other popes to the Church.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sergius I. — Sergius I. (* ? in Palermo; † 7. September 701) wurde vermutlich am 15. Dezember 687 zum Papst gewählt. Nach dem Tode des Papstes Konon stritten gleich zwei Männer um das Papstamt – der Erzdiakon Paschalis und der Erzpriester Theodor II. Das …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sergius IV. — Sergius IV. (* um 970 in Rom; † 12. Mai 1012) war vom 31. Juli 1009 bis zu seinem Tod Papst. Sein Name bedeutet: der Diener/aus dem (altröm.) Geschlecht der Sergier (latein.). Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Umstrittene erste Kreuzzugsbulle 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sergius IV —     Pope Sergius IV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Sergius IV     Date of birth unknown; consecrated about 31 July, 1009; d. 12 May, 1012. Peter Pig s Snout (Bucca Porci) was the son of Peter the shoemaker, of the ninth region of Rome (Pina) …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sergius II — (? 1019) fut patriarche de Constantinople de juillet 1001 à sa mort en 1019. Il prend la place de patriarche à la mort de Sinisios II qui était un simple laïc. De la famille de Photias et higoumène du monastère de Manuel, il fut farouchement… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sergĭus — Sergĭus. I. Römer. Die Sergia gens war ein altes Patriciergeschlecht; 1) Lucius Serg. Fidenas, war oft Tribun. milit. consul. pot. u. 437 v. Chr. Consul, kämpfte siegreich gegen die Fidenaten u. Vejenter. 2) Manius Serg. Fidenas; war 400 v. Chr.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sergĭus — Sergĭus, Name von vier Päpsten: 1) S. I., 687 bis 701, Heiliger (Fest: 8. September), Syrer aus Antiochia, in Palermo erzogen, verwarf die Kanones der Trullanischen Synode von 692 (s. Quinisextum). – 2) S. II., 844–847, Römer, zum Papst geweiht,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sergius — Sergĭus, vier Päpste [s. Beilage: ⇒ Päpste]. – S. I., der Heilige, 687 701, verweigerte die Anerkennung des Konstantinopler Konzils von 692 und bereitete dadurch die Trennung von der griech. Kirche vor. Gedächtnistag 9. Sept. – S. III., 904 911,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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