sepia


sepia
sepialike, adj.sepic /see"pik, sep"ik/, adj.
/see"pee euh/, n.
1. a brown pigment obtained from the inklike secretion of various cuttlefish and used with brush or pen in drawing.
2. a drawing made with this pigment.
3. a dark brown.
4. Photog. a print or photograph made in this color.
5. any of several cuttlefish of the genus Sepia, producing a dark fluid used naturally for defense and, by humans, in ink.
adj.
6. of a brown, grayish brown, or olive brown similar to that of sepia ink.
[1560-70; < L sepia cuttlefish, its secretion < Gk sepía; akin to sêpsis SEPSIS]

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▪ drawing medium
      dyestuff, coloured brown with a trace of violet, that is obtained from a pigment protectively secreted by cuttlefish or squid. Sepia is obtained from the ink sacs of these invertebrates. The sacs are speedily extracted from the bodies and are dried to prevent putrefaction. The sacs are then dissolved in dilute alkali, and the resulting solution is filtered. The pigment thus obtained is precipitated with dilute hydrochloric acid and is then washed, filtered, and dried. The chemically inert pigment is fairly permanent and is used as a drawing ink and as an artist's watercolour, particularly in monochrome.

      As a type of ink, sepia has been known at least since ancient Roman times. Only from Renaissance times onward, however, did sepia become popular as a drawing medium. In the late 18th and 19th centuries it was particularly popular and generally replaced bistre as a medium for making wash drawings. As a primary pigment, it has been superseded in the 20th century by industrially manufactured watercolours.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Sepia — Se pi*a, n.; pl. E. {Sepias}, L. {Sepi[ae]}. [L., fr. Gr. ??? the cuttlefish, or squid.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) (a) The common European cuttlefish. (b) A genus comprising the common cuttlefish and numerous similar species. See Illustr. under {Cuttlefish} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sepia — adjetivo 1. (invariable; pospuesto) De color ocre rojizo: tinta sepia, sobre sepia, papeles sepia. sustantivo femenino 1. (macho y hembra) Sepia elegans. Molusco marino de cabeza muy grande con diez tentáculos y mandíbulas duras, que tiene dentro …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Sepia — steht für: einen Tintenfisch aus der Ordnung der Sepien den aus diesen gewonnenen Farbstoff, siehe Sepia (Farbstoff) eine Farbcharakteristik in der Fotografie, siehe Sepia (Fotografie) eine deutsche Metal Band, siehe Sepia (Band) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • sepia — rich brown pigment, 1821, from It. seppia cuttlefish (borrowed with that meaning in English by 1560s), from L. sepia cuttlefish, from Gk. sepia, related to sepein to make rotten (Cf. SEPSIS (Cf. sepsis)). The color was that of brown paint or ink… …   Etymology dictionary

  • sepia — [sē′pē ə] n. [ModL, name of a genus of cuttlefishes < L, the cuttlefish < Gr sēpia < sēpein, to cause to rot (from the inky fluid emitted), akin to sapros, rotten] 1. a dark brown pigment prepared from the inky fluid secreted by… …   English World dictionary


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