separatist


separatist
separatism, n.
/sep"euhr euh tist, -euh ray'-/, n.
1. a person who separates, withdraws, or secedes, as from an established church.
2. an advocate of separation, esp. ecclesiastical or political separation.
adj.
3. of, pertaining to, or designating separatism or separatists: separatist forces; separatist tendencies.
[1600-10; SEPARATE (adj.) + -IST]

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also called  Independent 

      any of the English Christians in the 16th and 17th centuries who wished to separate from the Church of England and form independent local churches. They were eventually called Congregationalists (Congregationalism). Separatists were most influential politically in England during the time of the Commonwealth (1649–60) under Oliver Cromwell (Cromwell, Oliver), the lord protector, who was himself a Separatist. Subsequently, they survived repression and gradually became an important religious minority in England.

      One group of Separatists left England for Holland in 1608, and in 1620 some of them, the Pilgrims (Pilgrim Fathers), settled at Plymouth, Massachusetts. The Plymouth Separatists cooperated with the Puritans (Puritanism) (nonseparating Independents) who settled Massachusetts Bay (1630). In England the Puritans had hoped to purify the Church of England, but in New England they accepted the congregational form of church government in which each local church was independent. Thus, the churches of the Separatists and the Puritans became the Congregationalists of the United States.

      A fundamental belief of the Separatists was the idea of the gathered church, which was in contrast to the territorial basis of the Church of England whereby everyone in a certain area was assigned to the parish church. Separatists believed that the foundation of the church was God's Spirit, not man or the state. Those who were definitely Christian believers, therefore, should seek out other Christians and gather together to make up a particular church. This belief was the basis for the autonomous local church of the Separatists, which became a principal tenet of Congregationalism.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • separatist — SEPARATÍST, Ă, separatişti, ste, adj. (Adesea substantivat) Care se separă, se izolează de majoritate; care este adept al separatismului. – Din fr. séparatiste. Trimis de LauraGellner, 21.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  separatíst adj. m., pl.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Separatist — Sep a*ra*tist, n. [Cf. F. s[ e]paratiste.] One who withdraws or separates himself; especially, one who withdraws from a church to which he has belonged; a seceder from an established church; a dissenter; a nonconformist; a schismatic; a sectary.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • separatist — separàtist (separatȉst) m DEFINICIJA pristalica separatizma ETIMOLOGIJA vidi separirati …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Separatist — Separatist: Die Bezeichnung für »Anhänger, Verfechter einer Abtrennung, einer Loslösungsbewegung« wurde zu Anfang des 18. Jh.s aus gleichbed. engl. separatist entlehnt, das ursprünglich im kirchlich religiösen Bereich »Abtrünniger, Sektierer«… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • separatist — index heretic Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • separàtist — (separatı̏st) m (separàtistica, separàtistkinja ž) pristalica separatizma …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • separatist — c.1600, from SEPARATE (Cf. separate) + IST (Cf. ist). First used in a denominational religious sense …   Etymology dictionary

  • separatist — [sep′ə rə tist, sep′ə rāt΄ist] n. 1. a person who withdraws or secedes, esp. a member of a group that has seceded from a larger group; dissenter 2. a person who advocates political, religious, or racial separation adj. of separatists or… …   English World dictionary

  • separatist — [[t]se̱pərətɪst[/t]] separatists 1) ADJ: ADJ n Separatist organizations and activities within a country involve members of a group of people who want to establish their own separate government or are trying to do so. Spanish police say they have… …   English dictionary

  • separatist — UK [ˈsep(ə)rətɪst] / US noun [countable] Word forms separatist : singular separatist plural separatists a member of a group of people who want to be independent of a national, religious, or other group to which they belong Basque separatists a… …   English dictionary


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