- separation of powers
the principle or system of vesting in separate branches the executive, legislative, and judicial powers of a government.
* * *Division of the legislative, executive, and judicial functions of government among separate and independent bodies.Such a separation limits the possibility of arbitrary excesses by government, since the sanction of all three branches is required for the making, executing, and administering of laws. The concept received its first modern formulation in the work of Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu, who declared it the best way to safeguard liberty; he influenced the framers of the Constitution of the United States, who in turn influenced the writers of 19th-and 20th-century constitutions. See also checks and balances.
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Look at other dictionaries:
separation of powers — 1: the constitutional allocation of the legislative, executive, and judicial powers among the three branches of government 2: the doctrine under which the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government are not to infringe upon each… … Law dictionary
SEPARATION OF POWERS — SEPARATION OF POWERS, a fundamental principle of Public Law, which seeks to distinguish between the roles and powers of a number of different public authorities operating in tandem, such as the legislative, executive, and judicial authorities. On … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Separation of powers — Balance of powers redirects here. For other uses, see Balance of power. The separation of powers, often imprecisely used interchangeably with the trias politica principle, is a model for the governance of a state. The model was first developed … Wikipedia
separation of powers — the allocation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers to branches of government independent of each other * * * the principle or system of vesting in separate branches the executive, legislative, and judicial powers of a government. * * * … Useful english dictionary
separation of powers — The governments of states and the United States are divided into three departments or branches: the legislative, which is empowered to make laws, the executive which is required to carry out the laws, and the judicial which is charged with… … Black's law dictionary
separation of powers — The idea that the legislative power, the executive power and the judicial power of any state should be placed in separate hands, through the creation of three independent branches of government. The doctrine was advocated by the French… … Glossary of UK Government and Politics
separation of powers — valdžių padalijimas statusas T sritis Politika apibrėžtis Valstybės valdymo doktrina, pasak kurios, siekiant išvengti vieno asmens tironijos ir absoliučių galių sutelkimo kurioje nors valdžios institucijoje, visa valdžia turi būti padalyta 3… … Politikos mokslų enciklopedinis žodynas
separation of powers — separation of authority, distribution of power, basic democratic principle in which every government department has independent authority and curbs the power of other departments … English contemporary dictionary
separation of powers — The separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers, a fundamental characteristic of the United States Government and the state governments as well. 16 Am J2d Const L § 210. See division of powers … Ballentine's law dictionary
separation of powers — the vesting of the legislative, executive, and judiciary powers of government in separate bodies. → separation … English new terms dictionary