Scranton

Scranton
/skran"tn/, n.
1. William Warren, born 1917, U.S. politician.
2. a city in NE Pennsylvania. 88,117.

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      city, seat (1878) of Lackawanna county, northeastern Pennsylvania, U.S., in the Lackawanna River valley, on the western fringes of the Pocono Mountains; it is the centre of an urbanized industrial complex that includes Carbondale and Wilkes-Barre.

      The area was inhabited by Algonquian-speaking (Algonquian languages) Munsee Indians (a subgroup of the Delaware) when white settlers entered the region in the mid-18th century. Permanent settlement of the valley dates from 1788, when it was known as Deep Hollow. In the next few years a gristmill, a sawmill, and a charcoal furnace were built along the Lackawanna, but there was little development. The village was called Unionville, Slocum Hollow, and Harrison before it was named Scrantonia and finally Scranton in 1851 in honour of the family that established the Lackawanna Iron and Coal Company there in 1840. George W. and Selden Scranton began smelting iron (iron processing) from local ores, using an anthracite hot-blast process. The venture was successful, and by 1850 a rolling mill, a nail factory, and a steel-rail works were in operation. Subsequent development of the anthracite-coal industry overshadowed the iron industry and brought in waves of immigrant miners, whose wives were skilled in the silk-weaving, clothing, and other industries. Scranton is noted for its production of Nottingham lace.

      With the decline and later demise of the coal industry from the 1950s, the city diversified its economy and received national recognition for its “Scranton Plan,” which provided jobs through industrial expansion. Community contributions and private and state aid financed construction of many new plants. Leading manufacturers now produce electronic equipment and metal products. The city is also a printing centre and a transportation hub with access to the Pennsylvania Turnpike.

      Higher education facilities include the University of Scranton (Roman Catholic; 1888), Marywood College (1915), Lackawanna Junior College (1894), and a branch campus (1921) of Pennsylvania State University (Penn State Worthington Scranton) in nearby Dunmore. The state school for the deaf and the International Correspondence Schools are also in Scranton. The Everhart Museum of Natural History, Science, and Art in the city's Nay Aug Park has an outstanding bird collection. The Pennsylvania Anthracite Heritage Museum and the Lackawanna Coal Mine Tour are in Scranton's McDade Park. The Steamtown National Historic Site next to downtown Scranton has operating steam locomotives, rolling stock, and a restored roundhouse. Inc. borough, 1853; city, 1866. Pop. (1990) city, 81,805; Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton MSA, 638,466; (2000) city, 76,415; Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton MSA, 624,776.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • SCRANTON — SCRANTON, city in N.E. Pennsylvania, U.S.; county seat of Lackawanna County. The earliest Jews, who came to Scranton before the Civil War, lived in Wilkes Barre, where a synagogue existed, and came to Scranton to peddle their wares. Scranton grew …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Scranton — Scranton, AR U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 222 Housing Units (2000): 112 Land area (2000): 0.496243 sq. miles (1.285264 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.496243 sq. miles (1.285264 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Scranton — ist als Toponym der Name von Scranton (Arkansas), Stadt in den USA, Scranton (Iowa), Stadt in den USA, Scranton (Kansas), Stadt in den USA, Scranton (North Dakota), Stadt in den USA, Scranton (Pennsylvania), Stadt in den USA, Scranton (South… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scranton — Ciudad de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Scranton, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 222 Housing Units (2000): 112 Land area (2000): 0.496243 sq. miles (1.285264 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.496243 sq. miles (1.285264 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Scranton, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 604 Housing Units (2000): 285 Land area (2000): 1.877886 sq. miles (4.863703 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.877886 sq. miles (4.863703 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Scranton, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 724 Housing Units (2000): 289 Land area (2000): 1.072106 sq. miles (2.776742 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.007217 sq. miles (0.018691 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.079323 sq. miles (2.795433 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Scranton, ND — U.S. city in North Dakota Population (2000): 304 Housing Units (2000): 139 Land area (2000): 0.884680 sq. miles (2.291310 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.884680 sq. miles (2.291310 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Scranton, PA — U.S. city in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 76415 Housing Units (2000): 35336 Land area (2000): 25.225808 sq. miles (65.334540 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.214192 sq. miles (0.554755 sq. km) Total area (2000): 25.440000 sq. miles (65.889295 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Scranton, SC — U.S. town in South Carolina Population (2000): 942 Housing Units (2000): 347 Land area (2000): 0.832190 sq. miles (2.155362 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.832190 sq. miles (2.155362 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Scranton —   [ skræntən], Stadt in Nordostpennsylvania, USA, am Lackawanna River im Großen Appalachental, 79 700 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; Universität (gegründet 1888); Metall, Kunststoff verarbeitende und Elektronikindustrie; früher… …   Universal-Lexikon


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