scherzo


scherzo
/skert"soh/, n., pl. scherzos, scherzi /skert"see/. Music.
a movement or passage of light or playful character, esp. as the second or third movement of a sonata or a symphony.
[1850-55; < It: joke, deriv. of scherzare to joke, of Langobardic orig.]

* * *

Musical movement in rapid triple time; it replaced the minuet in genres such as the symphony, sonata, and string quartet in the 19th century.

The name was first used for light vocal and instrumental pieces of the Baroque era. It formally often resembles the minuet, being in rounded binary form and having a contrasting trio section between two statements of the scherzo proper, but its tempo is often much faster and its style may range from playful to vehement or grotesque.

* * *

music
plural  scherzos  or  scherzi 

      in music, frequently the third movement of a symphony, sonata, or string quartet; also, in the Baroque era (c. 1600–c. 1750), a light vocal or instrumental piece (e.g., the Scherzi musicali of Claudio Monteverdi, 1607), and, in the 19th century, an independent orchestral composition. In symphonies, sonatas, and string quartets of the 19th century, the scherzo replaced the 18th-century minuet. Unlike the rather stately minuet, originally a dance of the aristocracy, the scherzo in rapid 3/4 time was replete with elements of surprise in dynamics and orchestration.

      Both the minuet and scherzo contain a contrasting section, the trio, following which the minuet or scherzo returns according to the format ABA. The reiterated or abrupt rhythms in some of Joseph Haydn's (Haydn, Joseph) minuets clearly anticipate the scherzo as developed by Beethoven; in his six quartets, Opus 33 (Russian Quartets, or Gli scherzi), Haydn actually used the term. Beethoven wrote scherzos for nearly all of his nine symphonies, although he used the label only in the second and the third.

      In the 19th century the scherzo was not necessarily bound to larger works, but it was still a characteristically swift-moving piece of music. Brilliant effects of orchestration and exhilarating rhythms in a swift tempo characterize Felix Mendelssohn's scherzo from his Midsummer Night's Dream, while in the four piano scherzos of Frédéric Chopin dramatic, somewhat dark moods alternate with more lyrical trios. A later Romantic example is Paul Dukas's The Sorcerer's Apprentice, a “scherzo based on a ballad of Goethe,” and in the early 20th century Igor Stravinsky wrote his Scherzo à la Russe, set first for jazz band and later for full orchestra.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • scherzo — [ skɛrdzo ] n. m. • 1821; mot it. « badinage » ♦ Mus. Morceau de caractère vif et gai, au mouvement rapide. Scherzo d une sonate, d une symphonie. Les scherzos de Beethoven. ● scherzo nom masculin (italien scherzo, plaisanterie) Morceau de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Scherzo — (gesprochen [ skɛɐʦo], Mehrzahl Scherzi) ist die Bezeichnung für eine musikalische Satzform und einer der vielen Italianismen der deutschen Musiksprache. Das Scherzo (von ital. scherzo „Scherz”) ist seit Ludwig van Beethoven zumeist der 3. Satz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scherzo — subst. Piesă muzicală (sau parte dintr o sonată ori dintr o simfonie) scrisă într un tempo însufleţit, vioi şi vesel. [pr.: schérţo] – cuv. it. Trimis de IoanSoleriu, 21.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  schérzo s. n. [ zo pron. ţo] Trimis de siveco,… …   Dicționar Român

  • scherzo — / skertso/ s.m. [der. di scherzare ]. 1. [ciò che si fa o si dice per scherzare: uno s. riuscito ] ▶◀ beffa, burla, canzonatura, celia. ‖ divertimento, gioco. ⇓ amenità, barzelletta, battuta, facezia, spiritosaggine. ● Espressioni: nemmeno per… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • scherzo — (n.) 1852, from It. scherzo, lit. sport, joke, from scherzare to jest or joke, from a Germanic source (Cf. M.H.G. scherzen to jump merrily, enjoy oneself, Ger. scherz sport ). The lively second or third movement in a multi movement work …   Etymology dictionary

  • Scherzo — Scherzo: Der musikalische Fachausdruck für ein »Tonstück von heiterem Charakter« wurde im 18. Jh. aus gleichbed. it. scherzo (eigentlich »Spaß, Scherz«) entlehnt, einer Ableitung von it. scherzare »spaßen, scherzen«. Quelle des Wortes ist langob …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Scherzo — Scher zo, n. [It.] (Mus.) A playful, humorous movement, commonly in 3 4 measure, which often takes the place of the old minuet and trio in a sonata or a symphony. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scherzo — (ital.), 1) (Scherzando, Scherzōso), so v.w. scherzhaft, mit launigem, scherzhaftem Vortrage; 2) ein scherzhaftes, launiges Tonstück …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Scherzo — (spr. ßkérzo, ital., »Scherz«), Bezeichnung eines launigen, meist schnell bewegten, rhythmisch und harmonisch pikanten, sein phrasierten, daher delikat vorzutragenden Satzes, der seit Beethoven meist zwischen den langsamen Satz und das Finale… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Scherzo — (ital., spr. sker ), Tonsatz in der Sonate und Sinfonie, von heiterm, humoristischem Charakter; seit Beethoven an die Stelle des Menuetts getreten …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • scherzo —    schérzo    (s.m.) Azioni e parole prive di serietà, piene di arguzie e motti di spirito, impiegate per prendersi gioco di qualcosa o qualcuno. ridiculum …   Dizionario di retorica par stefano arduini & matteo damiani


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.