Schenectady


Schenectady
/skeuh nek"teuh dee/, n.
a city in E New York, on the Mohawk River. 67,972.

* * *

      city, seat (1809) of Schenectady county, east-central New York, U.S., on the Mohawk River and New York State Canal System. With Albany and Troy, it forms an urban-industrial complex. Founded as a Dutch settlement in 1662, it took its name from the nearby Mohawk village of Schaunactada, probably meaning “over,” or “across the pine plains.” In 1690 the village was virtually destroyed in the Schenectady Massacre by the French and Indians. With an influx of English settlers in the early 1700s the site (above a series of waterfalls) was fortified and developed as the terminus of the portage between Albany, on the Hudson (Hudson River), and the Mohawk (Mohawk River). The prosperous transshipment business declined after 1825 with the opening of the Erie Canal. Economic recovery for the city was stimulated by the arrival of the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad in 1831 and the establishment of a locomotive works in 1848.

      In 1886 the Edison Machine Works were moved from New York City to Schenectady, and by a series of mergers in 1892 the General Electric Company (General Electric Co.) was created with its main administrative offices in the city. Later, plants manufacturing a wide range of electrical equipment and experimental laboratories, eventually including nuclear research centres, were established. Chemicals are also manufactured. Union College of Union University was founded (1795) in Schenectady and includes the 16-sided Nott Memorial building and Jackson's Garden on its 100-acre (40-hectare) campus. Schenectady County Community College of the State University of New York (New York, State University of (SUNY)) system was established in 1967. The city's colonial past survives in its downtown Historic Stockade area. Inc. borough, 1765; city, 1798. Pop. (1990) city, 65,566; Albany-Schenectady-Troy MSA, 861,424; (2000) city, 61,821; Albany-Schenectady-Troy MSA, 875,583.

      county, east-central New York state, U.S., comprising a hilly region bordered to the southeast by the Mohawk River (which also bisects the county) and to the west by Schoharie Creek. The Mohawk incorporates the New York State Canal System (completed 1918) and its constituent the Erie Canal (1825). Forests contain a mix of northern hardwoods.

      Local Mohawk Indians were involved in the Iroquois wars in the 17th century. The city of Schenectady, the county seat, was founded by the Dutch in 1661, razed by French and Indian soldiers in 1690, and rebuilt by English settlers soon thereafter. It is the home of Union College (founded 1795) and the General Electric Company (General Electric Co.) (1892). Other communities are Rotterdam, East Glenville, and Carman.

      Schenectady county was created in 1809, its name derived from a Mohawk word probably meaning “the other side of the pinelands.” The principal economic activities are services (health and engineering) and retail trade. Area 206 square miles (534 square km). Pop. (2000) 146,555; (2007 est.) 150,818.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schenectady — Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schenectady — Spitzname: The Electric City …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schenectady — Ciudad de los Estados Unidos Nott Memorial …   Wikipedia Español

  • SCHENECTADY — SCHENECTADY, a formerly industrial city situated on the Mohawk River in east central New York State. Of its 61,821 inhabitants (2000) about 5,200 Jews live in the city and suburbs. Jews first settled in Schenectady in the 1840s when Louis Jacobs… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Schenectady —   [skɪ nektədɪ], Stadt im Osten des Bundesstaates New York, USA, am Mohawk River und New York State Barge Canal, 65 600 Einwohner; die Metropolitan Area Albany Schenectady Troy hat 874 300 Einwohner; Schenectady ist ein Zentrum der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Schenectady — Schenectady, NY U.S. city in New York Population (2000): 61821 Housing Units (2000): 30272 Land area (2000): 10.847665 sq. miles (28.095322 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.139972 sq. miles (0.362526 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.987637 sq. miles (28 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Schenectady, NY — U.S. city in New York Population (2000): 61821 Housing Units (2000): 30272 Land area (2000): 10.847665 sq. miles (28.095322 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.139972 sq. miles (0.362526 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.987637 sq. miles (28.457848 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Schenectady — (spr. Skenectädi, 1) Grafschaft im Staate New York (Nordamerika), 9 QM., vom Mohawk River durchflossen; im Süden hügelig; Producte: Mais, Hafer, Kartoffeln; die Grafschaft wird von vier Eisenbahnen, welche sich bei der Hauptstadt (s. S. 2)… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Schenectady — (spr. ßkĕnécktĕdì), Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen Grafschaft im nordamerikan. Staate New York, am Mohawkfluß und Eriekanal, Bahnknotenpunkt, altertümliche Stadt, hat eine 1795 gegründete Hochschule (Union College), die großartigen Werkstätten der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schenectady — (spr. ßkennécktäddĭ), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Neuyork, am Mohawkfluß und Eriekanal, (1900) 31.682 E.; 1620 von Holländern gegründet …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schenectady — [skə nek′tə dē] [Du Schanhectade < Mohawk skahnéhtati, Albany, lit., on the other side of the pines: the pines were between the communities; the Dutch transferred the name] city in E N.Y., on the Mohawk River: pop. 62,000 …   English World dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.