saving


saving
savingly, adv.
/say"ving/, adj.
1. tending or serving to save; rescuing; preserving.
2. compensating; redeeming: a saving sense of humor.
3. thrifty; economical: a saving housekeeper.
4. making a reservation: a saving clause.
n.
5. a reduction or lessening of expenditure or outlay: a saving of 10 percent.
6. something that is saved.
7. savings, sums of money saved by economy and laid away.
8. Law. a reservation or exception.
9. except: Nothing remains saving these ruins.
10. with all due respect to or for: saving your presence.
11. except; save.
[1250-1300; ME; see SAVE1, -ING2, -ING1]
Syn. 2. restoring, redemptory, qualifying.

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I
Process of setting aside a portion of current income for future use, or the resources accumulated in this way over a given period of time.

Savings may take the form of bank deposits and cash holdings or securities. How much individuals save is affected by their preferences for future over present consumption and their expectations of future income. If individuals consume more than the value of their income, then their saving is negative and they are said to be dissaving. Individual saving may be measured by estimating disposable income and subtracting current consumption expenditures. A measure of business saving is the increase in net worth shown on a balance sheet. Total national saving is measured as the excess of national income over consumption and taxes. Saving is important to economic progress because of its relation to investment: an increase in productive wealth requires that some individuals abstain from consuming their entire income and make their savings available for investment.
II
(as used in expressions)

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      process of setting aside a portion of current income for future use, or the flow of resources accumulated in this way over a given period of time. Saving may take the form of increases in bank deposits, purchases of securities, or increased cash holdings. The extent to which individuals save is affected by their preferences for future over present consumption, their expectations of future income, and to some extent by the rate of interest.

      There are two ways for an individual to measure his saving for a given accounting period. One is to estimate his income and subtract his current expenditures, the difference being his saving. The alternative is to examine his balance sheet (his property and his debts) at the beginning and end of the period and measure the increase in net worth, which reflects his saving.

      Total national saving is measured as the excess of national income over consumption and taxes and is the same as national investment, or the excess of net national product over the parts of the product made up of consumption goods and services and items bought by government expenditures. Thus, in national income accounts, saving is always equal to investment. An alternative measure of saving is the estimated change in total net worth over a period of time.

      Saving is important to the economic progress of a country because of its relation to investment. If there is to be an increase in productive wealth, some individuals must be willing to abstain from consuming their entire income. Progress is not dependent on saving alone; there must also be individuals willing to invest and thereby increase productive capacity.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Saving — Sav ing (s[=a]v [i^]ng), prep. or conj.; but properly a participle. With the exception of; except; excepting; also, without disrespect to. Saving your reverence. Shak. Saving your presence. Burns. [1913 Webster] None of us put off our clothes,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • saving — saving1 [sā′viŋ] adj. that saves; specif., a) rescuing; preserving b) economizing or economical c) containing an exception; making a reservation [a saving clause] d) compensating; redeeming [a saving grace] n …   English World dictionary

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