sausage


sausage
sausagelike, adj.
/saw"sij/ or, esp. Brit., /sos"ij/, n.
1. minced pork, beef, or other meats, often combined, together with various added ingredients and seasonings, usually stuffed into a prepared intestine or other casing and often made in links.
2. Aeron. a sausage-shaped observation balloon, formerly used in warfare.
[1400-50; late ME sausige < dial. OF sausiche < LL salsicia, neut. pl. of SALSICIUS seasoned with salt, deriv. of L salsus salted. See SAUCE, -ITIOUS]

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Highly seasoned minced meat, usually pork or beef, traditionally stuffed in casings of prepared animal intestine.

Sausage has been known since ancient times. Some varieties came to be known by their city of origin: the frankfurter from Frankfurt am Main, bologna from Bologna, the wiener from Vienna (Wien). Sausage meat may be eaten fresh, smoked, dried, or pickled. It may be mixed with other meats and additives such as cereals, vegetable starch, soy flour, preservatives, artificial colourings, salt, and various herbs and spices. Casings may be intestine, paraffin-treated fabric bags, or synthetic sleeves of plastic or reconstituted collagen. All but dry (cured) sausages require refrigerated storage. Cooked and dry sausages are ready to eat; fresh (and frozen) sausages must be cooked.

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food
      meat product made of finely chopped and seasoned meat, which may be fresh, smoked, or pickled and which is then usually stuffed into a casing. Sausages of fish or poultry are also made. The word sausage, from the Latin salsus (“salted”), refers to a food-processing method that had been used for centuries. Various forms of sausages were known in ancient Babylonia, Greece, and Rome; and early North American Indians made pemmican, a compressed dried meat-and-berry cake. From the Middle Ages, various European cities became known for the local sausage, with such types as the frankfurter (Frankfurt am Main), bologna (Bologna, Italy), and romano (Rome) being named for their places of origin. Salami (named for the salting process, salare, Italian: “to salt”) is a popular sausage with many varieties.

      In modern food processing, the meat content, frequently beef or pork, may also include other meats, meat mixtures, and added meat-packing by-products. Other additives may include water, cereals, vegetable starch, soy flour, preservatives, and artificial colourings.

      The wide variety of spices and condiments used in sausage making includes salt and, depending on the ethnic or regional origin of the recipe, coriander, nutmeg, cloves, garlic, vinegar, mace, pepper, chili peppers, or pistachio nuts. Casings may be the internal organs of meat animals, paraffin-treated fabric bags, or modern synthetic casings of plastic or reconstituted collagen (insoluble animal protein). Skinless sausages are produced by stuffing the ingredients into cellulose casing, then immersing the sausage in hot followed by cold water, forming a thin protein film allowing removal of the original cellulose.

      Dry sausages developed mainly in warm areas where preservation was difficult; fresh and cooked sausages developed in cooler climates. Because they are processed to reduce moisture content, dry sausages offer proteins, B vitamins, and minerals in highly concentrated form. Sausage-processing methods include cooking, curing (by application of salt solution), and smoking (exposure to smoke, often following curing). The last two methods, originally employed for preservation, are now used mainly for their contribution to flavour.

      According to the processing method employed, sausages are classified as fresh (not cooked or cured); uncooked smoked; cooked smoked; cooked; cooked meat specialties, including luncheon meats and sandwich spreads, usually in loaf form and without casings; and dry sausages. All but dry sausages require refrigerated storage; under cool storage conditions, dry types have long shelf life. Both fresh and uncooked smoked sausages must be cooked prior to serving; cooked smoked sausage is usually warmed before serving. Cooked sausages, cooked meat specialties, and dry sausages are ready to eat.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sausage — ► NOUN 1) a short tube of raw minced meat encased in a skin, that is grilled or fried before eating. 2) a tube of seasoned minced meat that is cooked or preserved and eaten cold in slices. 3) a cylindrical object. ● not a sausage Cf. ↑not a… …   English terms dictionary

  • sausage — mid 15c., sawsyge, from O.N.Fr. saussiche (fr. saucisse), from V.L. *salsica sausage, from salsicus seasoned with salt, from L. salsus salted (see SAUCE (Cf. sauce)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Sausage — Sau sage (?; 48), n. [F. saucisse, LL. salcitia, salsicia, fr. salsa. See {Sauce}.] 1. An article of food consisting of meat (esp. pork) minced and highly seasoned, and inclosed in a cylindrical case or skin usually made of the prepared intestine …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sausage — [sô′sij] n. [ME sausige < NormFr saussiche, for OFr saulcisse < VL salsicia < L salsus: see SAUCE] pork or other meat,chopped fine, highly seasoned, and either stuffed into membranous casings of varying size, as bologna or salami, or… …   English World dictionary

  • Sausage — This article is about the prepared meat. For other uses, see Sausage (disambiguation). Kiełbasa Biała (white sausage), Szynkowa (smoked), Śląska, and Podhalańska styles (Poland) A sausage is a food usually made from ground meat (normally pork or… …   Wikipedia

  • sausage — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. frankfurter, frank (sl.), hot dog, (inf.), wienie (inf.), Wurst, kielbasa, salami, pepperoni; liverwurst, bratwurst, etc. See food. II (Roget s IV) n. Kinds of sausage include: pork sausage, country… …   English dictionary for students

  • sausage — n. 1 a minced pork, beef, or other meat seasoned and often mixed with other ingredients, encased in cylindrical form in a skin, for cooking and eating hot or cold. b a length of this. 2 a sausage shaped object. Phrases and idioms: not a sausage… …   Useful english dictionary

  • sausage —    Used as an endearment in modern Britain, though not with great frequency. ‘You stupid old sausage’ occurs in End of a Summer’s Day, addressed by an Englishman to his father. The term is clearly an endearment, not an insult, its form suggesting …   A dictionary of epithets and terms of address

  • sausage — /ˈsɒsɪdʒ / (say sosij) noun 1. minced pork, beef, or other meats (often combined), with various added ingredients and seasonings, and packed into a special skin which was formerly prepared from the entrails of pigs or oxen, but is now often made… …   Australian English dictionary

  • sausage — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ blood, garlic, pork, etc. ▪ smoked ▪ vegetarian ▪ spicy VE …   Collocations dictionary


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