sassafras


sassafras
/sas"euh fras'/, n.
1. an American tree, Sassafras albidum, of the laurel family, having egg-shaped leaves and long clusters of greenish-yellow flowers.
2. the aromatic bark of its root, used medicinally and esp. for flavoring beverages, confectionery, etc.
[1570-80; < Sp sasafrás]

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North American tree (Sassafras albidum) of the laurel family.

The aromatic leaf, bark, and root are used as a flavouring, as a traditional home medicine, and as a tea. The aromatic roots yield about 2% oil of sassafras, once the characteristic ingredient of root beer. The tree is native to sandy soils from Maine to Ontario and Iowa and south to Florida and Texas. It is usually small but may attain a height of 65 ft (20 m) or more. It has furrowed bark, bright green twigs, small clusters of yellow flowers followed by dark blue berries, and three distinctive forms of leaves, often on the same twig: three-lobed, two-lobed (mitten-shaped), and entire.

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tree
also called  Ague Tree 

      (species Sassafras albidum), North American tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae), the aromatic leaf, bark, and root of which are used as a flavouring, as a traditional home medicine, and as a tea. The roots yield about 2 percent oil of sassafras, once the characteristic ingredient of root beer.

      The tree is native to sandy soils from Maine to Ontario and Iowa and south to Florida and Texas. It is usually small but may attain a height of 20 m (65 feet) or more. It has furrowed bark, bright green twigs, and small clusters of yellow flowers followed by dark blue berries. Sassafras has three distinctive forms of leaves, often on the same twig: three-lobed, two-lobed (or mitten-shaped), and entire.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sassafras — [ sasafra ] n. m. • 1590; esp. sasafras, mot indien d Amérique du Sud ♦ Arbre originaire d Amérique du Nord, voisin du laurier (lauracées), dont le bois et les feuilles sont aromatiques. ● sassafras nom masculin (espagnol sasafrás) Arbre d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sassafras — Sassafras …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sassafras — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Sasafrás Sassafras albidum …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sassafras — Sas sa*fras, n. [F. sassafras (cf. It. sassafrasso, sassafras, Sp. sasafras, salsafras, salsifrax, salsifragia, saxifragia), fr. L. saxifraga saxifrage. See {Saxifrage}.] (Bot.) An American tree of the Laurel family ({Sassafras officinale}); also …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sassafras — steht für die Pflanzengattung Sassafras mit dem bekanntesten Vertreter: Sassafrasbaum (Sassafras albidum), Fenchelholzbaum, Nelkenzimtbaum, nordamerikanische Gehölzart Sassafras (Pferd), französisches Galopprennpferd (1967–1988) Sassafras… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sassafras — (S. Nees, Dietr.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Laurineae Flaviflorae, 9. Kl. 1. Ordn. L., sonst zu Laurus gerechnet; Art: S. officinale (Sassafrasbaum), mäßig hoher Baum in Nordamerika, auch bei uns überwinternd, mit unten weißlichen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sassafrás — Sassafras (1967 1988) était un cheval de course pur sang anglais, par Sheshoon et Ruta (par Ratification), vainqueur du Prix de l Arc de Triomphe en 1970. Courant sous les couleurs d Arpad Plesch, entraîné par François Mathet et monté le plus… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sassăfras — Nees (Sassafrasbaum), Gattung der Laurazeen, mit nur einer in den Wäldern des östlichen Nordamerika von Kanada bis Florida und Alabama und westlich bis Kansas und dem nördlichen Mexiko wachsenden Art. S. officinale Nees (Laurus Sassafras L.,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sassafras — Sassafras, Holz, Wurzel od. Rinde eines in Nordamerika wachsenden Baumes (laurus sassafras) mit gewürzhaftem Geruch und Geschmack; wässerige Aufgüsse dienen als blutreinigende Mittel …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • sassafras — ☆ sassafras [sas′ə fras΄ ] n. [Sp sasafras < ? earlier sassifragia, saxifrage] 1. a small E North American tree (Sassafras albidum) of the laurel family, having an aromatic bark, leaves with usually two or three fingerlike lobes, and small,… …   English World dictionary

  • Sassafras — Sassăfras, Fenchelholz, das Holz der Wurzel des zu den Laurazeen gehörigen Sassafrasbaums (S. officināle N. ab Es.) in Nordamerika, gewürzhaft riechend und schmeckend, zu schweiß und harntreibenden Aufgüssen und Teegemischen verwendet. Auch das… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon