Sarit Thanarat


Sarit Thanarat
/sah rddeet" tah nah rddaht"/
1908-63, Thai statesman: premier 1952-63.

* * *

▪ prime minister of Thailand
born , June 16, 1908, Bangkok
died Dec. 8, 1963, Bangkok

      field marshal and premier in a military government of Thailand from 1958 to 1963.

      Sarit studied at the Chula Chom Klao military academy in Bangkok, graduating in 1929 and subsequently serving as an army officer. He supported the military dictator Phibunsongkhram (Phibunsongkhram, Luang) in his coup d'etat in 1947 and served until 1957 in that regime as minister of defense and commander of the army. In 1957, with some popular support, he removed Phibun, allowing the establishment of a civilian “caretaker” government. In October 1958, however, he seized power in another coup d'etat and proclaimed an “interim constitution,” naming himself premier.

      Sarit's first task was to uproot the corruption that had flourished during the former regime, particularly in the national police force. He launched campaigns against organized crime, made the smoking of opium illegal, and attempted to halt opium smuggling. He mounted the Thai government's first successful programs of rural economic development, particularly in the impoverished provinces of northeast Thailand; and he undertook a major expansion and improvement of the national education system.

      Sarit's regime was highly authoritarian. Political parties were banned, opposition newspapers were made to cease publication, and constitutional rights were suspended in order that dissenters could be jailed without trial on charges of subversion. In foreign policy he was pro-American and anti-Communist, keeping Thailand in the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization and relying increasingly on U.S. military aid to stem the threat of Communist insurgency within Thailand. When Sarit died he was succeeded as premier by Gen. Thanom Kittikachorn.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sarit Thanarat — (Thai สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์, auch: Sarit Dhanarajata, * 16. Juni 1908 in Bangkok; † 8. Dezember 1963 ebendort) war ein Feldmarschall und zwischen 1959 und 1963 Premierminister von Thailand. Sarit wurde als Sohn von Major Luang Rueangdechanan (Thai:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sarit Thanarat — /sah rddeet tah nah rddaht / 1908 63, Thai statesman: premier 1952 63 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sarit Dhanarajata — (Thai สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์, auch: Sarit Thanarat, * 16. Juni 1908 in Bangkok; † 8. Dezember 1963 ebenda) war ein Feldmarschall und zwische …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sarit Dhanarajata — Infobox Prime Minister name = Sarit Dhanarajata จอมพลสฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์ nationality = Thai http://th.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%B8%A0%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%9E:Sarit.jpg] monarch = Bhumibol Adulyadej order = 11th Prime Minister of Thailand term start = February …   Wikipedia

  • Dhanarajata — Sarit Thanarat (Thai สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์, auch: Sarit Dhanarajata, * 16. Juni 1908 in Bangkok; † 8. Dezember 1963 ebendort) war ein Feldmarschall und zwischen 1959 und 1963 Premierminister von Thailand. Sarit wurde als Sohn von Major Luang… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manhattan Rebellion — The Manhattan Rebellion of June 1951 was the Royal Thai Navy s long expected attempt to overthrow the government of Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram. The rebels defeat resulted in the near complete dismantling of the navy, as well as the rise… …   Wikipedia

  • Khao Yai — Nationalpark Khao Yai …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nationalpark Khao Yai — Nationalpark Khao Yai …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thailand — /tuy land , leuhnd/, n. 1. Formerly, Siam. a kingdom in SE Asia: official name of Siam 1939 45 and since 1949. 59,450,818; 198,242 sq. mi. (513,445 sq. km). Cap.: Bangkok. 2. Gulf of. Also called Gulf of Siam. an arm of the South China Sea, S of… …   Universalium

  • History of Thailand (1932–1973) — The history of Thailand from 1932 to 1973 was dominated by military dictatorships which were in power for much of the period. The main personalities of the period were the dictator Pibulsonggram (better known as Phibun), who allied the country… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.