Saratoga Springs

Saratoga Springs
a city in E New York: health resort; horse races. 23,906.

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      city, Saratoga county, east-central New York, U.S. It lies in the foothills of the Adirondack Mountains, west of the Hudson River, 30 miles (48 km) north of Albany. Possessing numerous natural mineral springs, its site was an ancient Mohawk Indian camping ground with various spellings and meanings, the most acceptable being Sa-ragh-to-ga (“Place of Swift Water”). Saratoga National Historic Park (established in 1938 and located 12 miles [19 km] southeast) commemorates the Revolutionary War Battles of Saratoga (Saratoga, Battles of) (September 19 and October 7, 1777) which took place nearby.

      The springs, long known to the Indians for their therapeutic value, attracted white visitors as early as 1771, and in 1802 the first hotel was built there by Gideon Putnam. During the 19th century Saratoga Springs became one of the most fashionable spas in the country, with ornate Victorian-style hotels. The Saratoga Association for the Improvement of the Breed of Horses was organized in 1863 and sponsored annual races in the city that continue to attract large crowds. The Saratoga Race Course in particular is noted for Thoroughbred racing. The city's National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame contain mementos of great horses and riders of the past. In 1909, 122 springs were acquired by the state (their use regulated by law) after commercial exploitation (pumping and bottling) had greatly diminished their flow. Pools, bathhouses, and other buildings similar to those of European health spas were built on the land acquired by the state; opened to the public in 1935, these facilities became part of Saratoga Spa State Park in 1962. Skidmore College was founded in Saratoga Springs as an arts school in 1903, and the Empire State College of the State University of New York (New York) system opened in 1971. Yaddo is a large private estate in the city used since 1926 as a retreat for authors, composers, and painters. The Saratoga Spa State Park (2,200 acres [890 hectares]) with its pools and bathhouses also includes the Saratoga Performing Arts Center (a summer home for the New York City Ballet and the Philadelphia Orchestra). The art and history of American dance is honoured at the National Museum of Dance. Saratoga Lake is 3 miles (5 km) southeast, and the Grant Cottage State Historic Site (where President Ulysses S. Grant (Grant, Ulysses S.) died) is 7 miles (11 km) north.

      The city has acquired some light industry, including the manufacture of metal beverage containers, electronic equipment, and packaging (cartons and bags); printing is also important. Inc. village, 1826; city, 1915. Pop. (1990) 25,001; (2000) 26,186.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saratoga Springs — Saratoga Springs, NY U.S. city in New York Population (2000): 26186 Housing Units (2000): 11584 Land area (2000): 28.427911 sq. miles (73.627949 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.632296 sq. miles (1.637640 sq. km) Total area (2000): 29.060207 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Saratoga Springs, NY — U.S. city in New York Population (2000): 26186 Housing Units (2000): 11584 Land area (2000): 28.427911 sq. miles (73.627949 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.632296 sq. miles (1.637640 sq. km) Total area (2000): 29.060207 sq. miles (75.265589 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Saratoga Springs, UT — U.S. town in Utah Population (2000): 1003 Housing Units (2000): 301 Land area (2000): 10.214196 sq. miles (26.454645 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.131207 sq. miles (0.339824 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.345403 sq. miles (26.794469 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Saratoga Springs — [see SARATOGA] city in NE N.Y.: a resort with mineral springs: pop. 26,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Saratōga Springs — Saratōga Springs, besuchter Badeort in der Grafschaft Saratoga des nordamerikan. Staates New York, 19 km westlich vom Hudson, an drei Bahnen, mit großartigen Gasthäusern für 20,000 Gäste, schönem Park, einer Halle für 5000 Personen, der Pompeja,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saratoga Springs — Saratōga Springs, Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Neuyork, unweit des obern Hudsons und des Saratogasees (1900) 12.409 E., berühmtester amerik. Badeort (30 Mineralquellen); hier 17. Okt. 1777 Kapitulation des brit. Generals Bourgoyne vor dem amerik.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saratoga Springs — ville des È. U. (état de New York); 25 000 hab. Le 17 oct. 1777, l Anglais Burgoyne y capitula devant les Américains …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Saratoga Springs — 1 Original name in latin Saratoga Springs Name in other language Saratoga Springs, Saratoga Springs, saeleotogaseupeulingseu, saratogasupuringu, saratwga aspryngz, nywywrk, saratwgha sbrynghs, nywywrk, Саратога Спрингс, Саратога Спрингс State… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Saratoga Springs — noun a town in eastern New York State famed for its spa and its horse racing • Instance Hypernyms: ↑town • Part Holonyms: ↑New York, ↑New York State, ↑Empire State, ↑NY * * * Saratoga Springs [Saratoga Springs …   Useful english dictionary

  • SARATOGA SPRINGS —    (12), one of the best known watering places of the United States, in New York State, 38 m. N. of Albany; plentifully supplied with mineral springs; once a village, now growing into a town of hotels, &c.; 12 m. to the E. is the scene of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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