sapodilla


sapodilla
/sap'euh dil"euh/, n.
1. a large evergreen tree, Manilkara zapota, of tropical America, bearing an edible fruit and yielding chicle. Cf. sapodilla family.
2. Also called sapodilla plum. the fruit itself.
Also called sapota.
[1690-1700; < Sp zapotillo, equiv. to zapot(e) SAPOTA + -illo dim. suffix]

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Tropical evergreen tree (Manilkara zapota ) of the family Sapotaceae, native to southern Mexico and northern Central America, and its distinctive fruit.

The rusty-brown fruit is eaten fresh in many tropical and subtropical areas. Its sweet flavour has been compared to a combination of pears and brown sugar. When the fruit is ripe, its shiny black seeds are surrounded by clear, yellowish brown, juicy flesh; when immature, its flesh contains both tannin and milky latex and is distasteful. The latex is the chief source of gum chicle, once important in the chewing-gum industry.

Sapodilla (Manilkara, or Achras, zapota)

Walter Dawn

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▪ tree and fruit
 (species Manilkara zapota, or Achras zapota), tropical evergreen tree of a genus of about 80 species in the family Sapotaceae and its distinctive fruit. Though of no great commercial importance in any part of the world, the sapodilla is much appreciated in many tropical and subtropical areas, where it is eaten fresh. The fruit is spheroid to ovoid in shape, rusty brown on the surface, and roughly 5–10 cm (2–4 inches) in diameter. The sweet flavour has been compared to a combination of pears and brown sugar. When the fruit is ripe the seeds, two to five in number, shiny black, and the size of flattened beans, are surrounded by translucent, yellowish brown, juicy flesh. When the fruit is immature, its flesh contains both tannin and milky latex and is unpalatable. The milky latex, the chief source of gum chicle that was once important in the chewing-gum industry (and once used as chewing gum by the Aztecs), is extracted by tapping the trunk.

      Sapodilla trees grow wild in the forests of southern Mexico and northern Central America. As a cultivated species the tree is medium-sized and of slow growth. The reddish wood is hard and durable; elaborately carved lintels of sapodilla 1,000 years old are still to be seen in some Mayan ruins. The leaves, 5–12.5 cm (2–5 inches) long, are glossy and light green in colour and ovate to elliptic in outline; the flowers are small and inconspicuous. Propagation is usually by means of seed, but superior trees can be reproduced by grafting.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sapodilla — Sap o*dil la, n. [Sp. zapote, sapotillo, zapotillo, Mexican cochit zapotl. Cf. {Sapota}.] (Bot.) A tall, evergeen, tropical American tree ({Achras Sapota}); also, its edible fruit, the sapodilla plum. [Written also {sapadillo}, {sappadillo},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sapodilla — [sap΄ə dil′ə] n. [Sp zapotillo, dim. of zapote < Nahuatl tzapoλ] 1. a tropical American evergreen tree (Achras zapota) of the sapodilla family, yielding chicle and having a brown, rough skinned fruit with a sweet, yellowish pulp 2. the fruit… …   English World dictionary

  • Sapodilla — Taxobox name = Sapodilla image width = 240px image caption = Sapodilla tree regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Ericales familia = Sapotaceae genus = Manilkara species = M. zapota binomial = Manilkara achras… …   Wikipedia

  • sapodilla — noun Etymology: Spanish zapotillo, diminutive of zapote sapodilla fruit, from Nahuatl tzapotl Date: 1697 a tropical American evergreen tree (Manilkara zapota syn. Achras zapota of the family Sapotaceae, the sapodilla family) with hard reddish… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sapodilla — [ˌsapə dɪlə] noun 1》 a large evergreen tropical American tree which has hard durable wood and yields chicle. [Manilkara zapota.] 2》 (also sapodilla plum) the sweet brownish bristly fruit of the sapodilla. Origin C17: from Sp. zapotillo, dimin. of …   English new terms dictionary

  • sapodilla — /sæpəˈdɪlə/ (say sapuh diluh) noun 1. a large evergreen tree, Manilkara zapota, of tropical America, bearing an edible fruit (sapodilla plum) and yielding chicle; chiku. 2. the fruit. {Spanish zapotillo, diminutive of zapote sapodilla fruit, from …   Australian English dictionary

  • sapodilla — noun a) Manilkara zapota; a long lived, evergreen tree native to the New World tropics. It is also known as Chickoo (also spelled Chiku ) in South Asia. b) The fruit from the sapodilla tree. The fruit is 4 8 cm in diameter, has a fuzzy brown skin …   Wiktionary

  • sapodilla — paprastasis kulkmedis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Sapotinių šeimos maistinis, medieninis, vaisinis, vaistinis augalas (Manilkara zapota), paplitęs Centrinėje ir Pietų Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Achradelpha mammosa; Achras mammosa;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • sapodilla — n. a large evergreen tropical American tree, Manilkara zapota, with edible fruit and durable wood, and sap from which chicle is obtained. Phrases and idioms: sapodilla plum the fruit of this tree. Etymology: Sp. zapotillo dimin. of zapote f.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sapodilla — Achras (E); Manilkara (E) …   EthnoBotanical Dictionary


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