São Luís


São Luís
/sowonn" lwees"/
a seaport on an island off the NE coast of Brazil: capital of Maranhão. 330,311.

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Brazil
      city, capital of Maranhão estado (state), northeastern Brazil. It lies on the west side of São Luís Island on the Atlantic coast. The island is really a long, narrow peninsula between the drowned mouths of the Mearim and Itapicuru rivers (São Marcos Bay to the west and São José Bay to the east), and it is cut off from the mainland by a shallow side channel, the Mosquito Strait. The city was formerly called São Luiz do Maranhão, or simply Maranhão. It was founded in 1612 by Daniel de la Touche de la Ravardière, a French naval officer, and named in honour of Louis XIII. It was captured in 1615 by the Portuguese, and from 1641 to 1644 it was held by the Dutch.

      The port facilities of São Luís, including the deepwater port of Itaqui, collectively serve as the chief seaport of the state, and the city is the chief outlet for the products of Teresina in Piauí state and Carajás in Pará state, with which it is connected by rail. São Luís has a multinational aluminum plant and steel mills; other industries include sugar refining, a rum distillery, cotton mills, plants for processing cacao, and factories for metallurgical products and chemicals. Its exports include babassu palm oil, lumber, textiles, sugar, rice, cassava (manioc), and corn (maize).

      The city is the seat of the Institute of History and Geography, one of the oldest in Brazil, of the Federal University of Maranhão (1966), and since 1679 the city has been the seat of a bishopric. Many buildings, such as the Palace of Justice, preserve much of the Portuguese colonial atmosphere; the city's historic centre was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1997. São Luís has two sizable football (soccer) stadiums. Highways connect São Luís with Belém, Teresina, and Brasília. A railroad extends to Fortaleza, and São Luís has air service to Belém and Fortaleza. Hydroelectric and thermal electric plants supply energy to the area. Pop. (2005 est.) 942,300.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • São Luís (MA) — São Luís (Maranhão) 2° 31′ 48″ S 44° 18′ 10″ W / 2.53, 44.3027778 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • São Luís — / San Luís …   Wikipedia Español

  • São Luís — or São Luíz (Portuguese language for Saint Louis) may refer to several places in the Portuguese speaking world:Brazil* Municipality of Goiás state. *São Luís, Maranhão. Capital of Maranhão. *São Luiz do Paraitinga Municipality of São Paulo… …   Wikipedia

  • Sao Luis — São Luís Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Brésil São Luís est la capitale de l État du Maranhão ; São Luís do Quitundeest une municipalité de l État d Alagoas ; São Luís …   Wikipédia en Français

  • São Luis — São Luís Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Brésil São Luís est la capitale de l État du Maranhão ; São Luís do Quitundeest une municipalité de l État d Alagoas ; São Luís …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SÃO LUÍS — Située dans le Nordeste brésilien, capitale de l’État de Maranhão, São Luís est une cité ancienne; fondée à l’époque coloniale (1612), elle devint le port d’exportation des denrées tropicales (essentiellement le coton) produites dans les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sao Luis — (Вила Нова ди Гая,Португалия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Rua dos Gulpilharinhos, 478 Gulpilhares, 4 …   Каталог отелей

  • São Luis —   [sãu̯ lu̯is], früher São Luis do Maranhão [ du mara ɲãu], Hauptstadt und wichtigster Hafen (offene Reede) des Bundesstaates Maranhão, Brasilien, auf der Westseite der gleichnamigen Insel in einer Bucht der Nordostküste Brasiliens, 780 800… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • São Luis — São Luís [[t]ˈsãʊ̃ ˈlwis[/t]] n. a seaport on an island off the NE coast of Brazil: capital of Maranhão. 330,311 …   From formal English to slang

  • São Luís — [lwēs′] capital of Maranhão state, Brazil: seaport on an island off the N coast: pop. 696,000 …   English World dictionary

  • São Luís — 2.5166666666667 44.2666666666674 Koordinaten: 2° 31′ S, 44° 16′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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