- Santiago de Cuba
/deuh kyooh"beuh/; Sp. /dhe kooh"vah/a seaport in SE Cuba: naval battle 1898. 277,600.
* * *Seaport city (pop., 1994 est.: 440,000), eastern Cuba.The second largest city in Cuba, it was founded in 1514 and moved to its present site in 1522. It commanded a strategic location on the northern Caribbean Sea in the early colonial period and was the capital of Cuba until 1589. It was a focal point of the Spanish-American War, and in 1898 the entire Spanish fleet was destroyed near its coast. In 1953 it was the scene of Fidel Castro's attack against the Moncada army barracks. It is the centre of an agricultural and mining region and exports copper, iron, manganese, sugar, and fruit.
* * *▪ Cubacity, eastern Cuba. The second largest city in Cuba, it nestles in a valley of the Sierra Maestra that is pierced by a pouch-shaped bay. The bay's entrance, cutting into high bluffs that rise from the sea, is nearly invisible offshore. The chief bluff, about 200 feet (60 m) high, is El Morro, crowned by a colonial fortress, Morro Castle.Santiago de Cuba was founded in 1514 by Diego Velázquez (Velázquez de Cuéllar, Diego), first governor of Cuba; it was moved a few miles to the present site in 1522. The settlement commanded a strategic location on the northern Caribbean in the early colonial period, and it served as the capital of Cuba until 1553. With its development as a fortified city, along with a shift of population toward the western end of the island, Santiago de Cuba lost its leading position to Havana. The explorer Hernán Cortés (Cortés, Hernán, marqués del Valle de Oaxaca) was the first mayor of Santiago de Cuba, and it was from there that he set out in 1518 on the expedition that culminated in the conquest of Mexico.Santiago de Cuba was a focal point of the Spanish-American War, and many reminders of that conflict are found in the area. Decisive engagements were fought near the city on the hills of El Viso (in the village of El Caney) and San Juan. The harbour was partially blocked by the scuttled collier Merrimac, and the principal naval action of the war was fought along the coast near the port on July 3, 1898.On July 26, 1953, the revolutionary leader Fidel Castro (Castro, Fidel) led an attack against the Moncada Barracks in the city. The attack was repulsed by government troops, but the name the 26th of July Movement became attached to Castro's cause. In 1956, after his release from prison, he led a small group of supporters back into the Sierra Maestra; although they isolated the city from the rest of the island, it remained in government hands until Castro's final victory in 1959. During the next two decades the city experienced a rapid growth of population and services.Santiago de Cuba is the centre of an agricultural and mining region. The city exports copper, iron, manganese, sugar, and fruit, and it is the southern terminus of the central highway and Cuba's major railway. The University of Oriente (founded 1947), a medical school, a sports stadium, a cathedral, and several museums are located in the city, which is a cultural and tourism centre. The city has a multiethnic population and is home to the largest number of descendants of Africans in Cuba. It hosts one of the oldest and most authentic street carnivals in Latin America.A short drive from Santiago de Cuba is Cobre, an old copper-mining town that houses Cuba's most important shrine—dedicated to the Virgen de la Caridad (Virgin of Charity), proclaimed to be the protectress of Cuba. It attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors per year seeking blessings and healings. Pop. (2002) 423,392.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Santiago de Cuba — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Santiago de Cuba Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Santiago de cuba — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Santiago. 20°1′29″N 75°49′50″O / … Wikipédia en Français
Santiago de Cuba — es la capital de la provincia de Santiago de Cuba (provincia) en el oriente de Cuba. Santiago de Cuba se encuentra en el sureste de la isla, en las coordenadas 20,01° N, 75,82° O. Históricamente Santiago de Cuba ha sido la segunda ciuad más… … Enciclopedia Universal
SANTIAGO DE CUBA — Chef lieu de la province homonyme et deuxième ville du pays, Santiago de Cuba comptait 405 350 habitants selon les estimations de 1990. Située au fond d’une baie profonde et bien abritée sur la côte méridionale de l’île, Santiago est la capitale… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Santiago de Cuba — (auch bloß Cuba), Stadt auf der westind. Insel Cuba, früher Hauptstadt der ganzen Insel, jetzt ihres östlichen Departements, auf der Südküste an einer prächtigen, von den bewaldeten Höhen der Sierra Maestra und reichen Fruchttälern umschlossenen… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Santiago de Cuba — [de ko͞o′bä] seaport in SE Cuba, on the Caribbean: pop. 418,000 … English World dictionary
Santiago de Cuba — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Santiago. Santiago de Cuba … Wikipédia en Français
Santiago de Cuba — Infobox Settlement official name = Santiago De Cuba other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = Municipality motto = imagesize = image caption = Cathedral in Santiago de Cuba flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size =… … Wikipedia
Santiago de Cuba — 20.028333333333 75.820555555556 Koordinaten: 20° 2′ N, 75° 49′ W Santiago de Cuba … Deutsch Wikipedia
Santiago de Cuba — Original name in latin Santiago de Cuba Name in other language SCU, Sant jago de Kuba, Santiago, Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de Kubo, Santiago di Cuba, Santjago de Kuba, Сантьяго де Куба, Сантяго де Куба State code CU Continent/City America/Havana … Cities with a population over 1000 database