Santa Fe Trail


Santa Fe Trail
an important trade route going between Independence, Missouri, and Santa Fe, New Mexico, used from about 1821 to 1880.

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Historic wagon trail from Independence, Missouri, to Santa Fe, New Mexico, U.S. An important commercial route from 1821 to 1880, it was opened by William Becknell and used by merchant wagon caravans.

From the Missouri River the trail followed the divide between the tributaries of the Arkansas and Kansas rivers to the site of modern Great Bend, Kan., then proceeded along the Arkansas River. At the western end three routes turned south to Santa Fe, the shortest being the Cimarron Cutoff through the valley of the Cimarron River. When the Santa Fe railroad was completed in 1880, use of the trail ceased.

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      in U.S. history, famed wagon trail from Independence, Mo., to Santa Fe, N.M., an important commercial route (1821–80). Opened by William Becknell, a trader, the trail was used by merchant wagon caravans travelling in parallel columns, which, when Indians attacked, as they did frequently between 1864 and 1869, could quickly form a circular line of defense. From the Missouri River, the trail followed the divide between the tributaries of the Arkansas and Kansas rivers to the site of present Great Bend, Kan., then proceeded along the Arkansas. At the western end, three routes turned south to Santa Fe, the shortest being the “Cimarron Cutoff ” through the valley of the Cimarron River.

      The importance of the eastward silver and fur trade and westward transport of manufactured goods over the trail was a contributing cause of U.S. seizure of New Mexico in the Mexican War. Use of the trail increased under U.S. rule, especially after the introduction of mail delivery service via stagecoach (1849), but ceased with the completion of the Santa Fe railroad in 1880.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Santa Fe Trail — Santa Fe National Historic Trail Lage: Mexiko, Vereinigte Staaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Santa Fé Trail — Santa Fe National Historic Trail Karte des Santa Fe Trails um 1845 Lage: Missouri, Kansas, Colorado …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Santa Fe Trail — the Sante Fe Trail an important road in the West of the US, starting in Missouri and ending in Santa Fe, which was used in the 19th century by American ↑settlers …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Santa Fe Trail — trade route between Santa Fe, N.Mex., & Independence, Mo.: important from 1821 to 1880 …   English World dictionary

  • Santa Fe Trail — For other uses, see Santa Fe Trail (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Santa Fe Rail Trail or Santa Fe River Trail. Trail logo created for the National Park Service The Santa Fe Trail was a 19th century transportation route through… …   Wikipedia

  • Santa Fe Trail — Piste de Santa Fe Logo de la Santa Fe Trail Le Santa Fe Trail est une piste américaine historique du XIXe siècle à travers le sud ouest de l Amérique du Nord reliant le Missouri à Santa Fé au Nouveau Mexique. Empruntée la première fois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Santa Fe Trail — noun a trail that extends from Missouri to New Mexico; an important route for settlers moving west in the 19th century • Instance Hypernyms: ↑trail • Part Holonyms: ↑West, ↑western United States * * * Santa Fe Trail [Santa Fe Trail] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Santa Fe Trail — Sp Sánta Fė kẽlias Ap Santa Fe Trail L nac. ist. paminklas JAV (nuo Kanzaso iki N. Meksikos) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Santa Fe Trail — San′ta Fe′ Trail′ n. amh. geg a trade route between Independence, Missouri, and Santa Fe, New Mexico, used from about 1821 to 1880 …   From formal English to slang

  • Santa Fe Trail —    A trade route running from St. Louis to Santa Fe.    Also called Santa Fe Road …   Vocabulario Vaquero


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