Santa Cruz Islands


Santa Cruz Islands
a group of islands in the SW Pacific Ocean, part of the Solomon Islands. 380 sq. mi. (984 sq. km).

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▪ islands, Solomon Islands
      volcanic group of islands in the country of Solomon Islands, southwestern Pacific Ocean, 345 miles (555 km) east of Guadalcanal. The main islands are Nendö (also called Ndeni Island or Santa Cruz Island), Utupua, Vanikolo, and Tinakula. Nendö is 25 miles (40 km) long and 14 miles (22 km) wide, with heavily wooded slopes rising to 1,800 feet (550 metres). The Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira tried to form a colony there in 1595. In 1942 an Allies-Japanese sea battle was fought near the islands.

      From the early to the mid-20th century, kauri pine timber was cut on the islands and shipped to Australia. Copra is now the chief export. The inhabitants are primarily Melanesian (Melanesian culture), with a small Polynesian minority.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Santa Cruz Islands — The Santa Cruz Islands are a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, part of Temotu Province of the Solomon Islands. They lie approximately 250 miles (400 km) to the southeast of the Solomon Islands Chain. The Santa Cruz Islands lie just north of… …   Wikipedia

  • Santa Cruz Islands — San′ta Cruz′ Is′lands n. pl. geg a group of islands in the SW Pacific Ocean, part of the Solomon Islands. 380 sq. mi. (984 sq. km) …   From formal English to slang

  • Santa Cruz Islands — geographical name islands SW Pacific in SE Solomons N of Vanuatu; until 1978 administratively attached to British Solomon Islands area 362 square miles (938 square kilometers) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Santa Cruz Islands — a group of islands in the SW Pacific Ocean, part of the Solomon Islands. 380 sq. mi. (984 sq. km) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands caption=Anti aircraft shell bursts, fired at attacking Japanese aircraft, fill the sky above USS Enterprise (center left) and her screening ships during the battle on October 26 …   Wikipedia

  • Santa Catalina Islands — w1 Santa Catalina Island NASA Bild von Los Angeles mit Lage von Santa Catalina Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Santa Barbara Islands — plural noun a group of eight islands off the south western coast of California; includes Santa Catalina and Santa Cruz …   Australian English dictionary

  • Santa-Cruz-Inseln — Gewässer Südpazifik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Santa Cruz language — Santa Cruz Natügu Spoken in Solomon Islands Region Santa Cruz Islands, Eastern Solomons. Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • SANTA CRUZ —    1) or NITENDI    (5), the largest of the Queen Charlotte or Santa Cruz Islands, in the South Pacific, 100 m. N. of the New Hebrides; on one of the smaller islands Bishop Patteson was brutally murdered by the natives in 1871.    2) or ST. CROIX …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia


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