Santa Cruz de Tenerife


Santa Cruz de Tenerife
/san"teuh kroohz" deuh ten'euh rif", -reef", -ree"fay/; Sp. /sahn"tah krddoohth" dhe te'ne rddee"fe, krddoohs"/
a seaport on NE Tenerife island, in the W Canary Islands. 151,361.

* * *

Port city (pop., 2001: 188,477), capital of the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands, Spain.

Founded in 1494, it occupies a small plain between two usually waterless ravines. It was attacked by the British in 1657 and 1797; the latter assault was led by Horatio Nelson. After 1877 growth was spurred by the banana and tomato trade and, later, by harbour improvements and tourism. In 1936 Francisco Franco, then captain general of the Canary Islands, organized from Santa Cruz the national uprising that led to the Spanish Civil War. Industries include oil refining.

* * *

Spain
      port city, capital of the island of Tenerife and of Santa Cruz de Tenerife provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of the Canary Islands, Spain. The city occupies a small plain between two usually waterless ravines. It was founded in 1494. The British naval hero Capt. Horatio Nelson (Nelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount) (later Viscount Nelson) lost his right arm in an unsuccessful assault on Santa Cruz in 1797. After Nelson's attack, Santa Cruz was designated an incorporated town with its own coat of arms to represent the bravery of its inhabitants. Santa Cruz became the capital of the Canary Islands shortly thereafter, a title it held until 1927, when it became the co-capital along with Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Las Palmas). Santa Cruz is the permanent seat of the islands' parliament. Gen. Francisco Franco (Franco, Francisco) organized in Santa Cruz the national uprising that led to the Spanish Civil War in 1936.

      Notable public buildings in Santa Cruz de Tenerife include the parish church of the Concepción, military and archaeological museums, a theatre, and a bullring. The water supply comes by aqueduct from the interior mountains. A well-planned seafront adjoins a harbour sheltered by two moles, and Santa Cruz has become an important oil bunkering port with an oil refinery. The port also serves passenger travel to the other islands. A catastrophic collision (582 fatalities) at Los Rodeos international airport in 1977 gave impetus to the construction of a new facility, Queen Sofia Tenerife South, which opened in 1978. Both airports contribute to tourism. Pop. (2006 est.) 170,857.

      provincia (province) in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of the Canary Islands, Spain. It consists of the western members of the Canary Islands, specifically Tenerife, La Palma, La Gomera, and Ferro islands. The port city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife on the island of Tenerife is the capital of the province. Agriculture and fishing have been the traditional economic activities of the province, but now tourism dominates the economy. Area 1,305 square miles (3,381 square km). Pop. (2007 est.) 983,820.

Vicente Rodriguez
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Santa Cruz de Ténérife — Santa Cruz de Ténérife …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Santa Cruz de Tenerife — Santa Cruz de Ténérife Santa Cruz de Ténérife …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Santa cruz de ténérife — Santa Cruz de Ténérife …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Santa Cruz de Tenerife — es un municipio canario perteneciente a la provincia de Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España. Es la capital de la isla y de la Comunidad Autónoma de Canarias, compartida con Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. También es la capital de la provincia de Santa… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Santa Cruz de Tenerife — [də ten΄ə rif′; ] Sp [ de te΄ne rē′fe] seaport on Tenerife Island, Canary Islands: pop. 205,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Santa Cruz de Tenerife — Santa Cruz de Tenerīfe (spr. kruhs), Hauptstadt der Kanarischen Insel Teneriffa, (1900) 38.419 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Santa Cruz de Tenerife — Para otros usos de este término, véase Santa Cruz de Tenerife (desambiguación). Santa Cruz de Tenerife …   Wikipedia Español

  • Santa Cruz de Tenerife — Gemeinde Santa Cruz de Tenerife Wappen Karte der Kanarischen Inseln …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Santa Cruz de Tenerife — Original name in latin Santa Cruz de Tenerife Name in other language Gorad Santa Krus deh Tehnehryfeh, Sancta Crux Nivariae, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz Tenerifekoa, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tnrife, Santa Krouth nte Tenerife, Santa Krus… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Santa Cruz de Tenerife — Sp Tenerifės Sánta Krùsas Ap Santa Cruz de Tenerife L Kanarų ss. aut. sr. c., Ispanija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.