Santa Clara


Santa Clara
/san"teuh klar"euh/; for 1 also Sp. /sahn"tah klah"rddah/
1. a city in central Cuba. 189,092.
2. a city in central California, S of San Francisco. 87,746.

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      city, Santa Clara county, west-central California, U.S. It lies along the Guadalupe River in the Santa Clara Valley, about 48 miles (77 km) southeast of San Francisco and immediately adjacent to San Jose on the southeast. The original settlement grew around the Mission Santa Clara de Asís, which was founded in 1777 and was the eighth in the California chain of 21 missions. The Spanish historical influence is evident in the city's place-names, architecture, and restored mission. The city developed as a processing centre for the prunes, apricots, and other fruits and vegetables grown in the rich Santa Clara Valley. By the 1940s, however, manufacturing had surpassed agriculture in importance, and since then Santa Clara's growth has reflected a mixed economy with a growing service sector. Its economy is closely aligned with that of Silicon Valley, of which it is part.

      Paramount's Great America, a 200-acre (80-hectare) amusement park, is an important economic asset. Santa Clara University, which is the oldest institution of higher learning in California, was founded as a college by Jesuits in 1851 and became a university in 1855; the de Saisset Museum, on the university's campus, contains displays of African, American, Asian, and European art. The mission was damaged by earthquakes in 1812 and 1818; the mission building on the university campus is a restoration of the third mission, built in 1822. Santa Clara suffered moderate damage in an earthquake that struck central California on October 17, 1989. Popular local attractions include the Triton Museum of Art, with an extensive American Indian and American art collection, and the Harris-Lass Historic Museum, originally built in 1865, considered the last farm site in Santa Clara. Inc. 1852. Pop. (2000) 102,361; (2007 est.) 109,756.

Cuba
      city, central Cuba. It lies at 367 feet (112 m) above sea level amid hills of coral rock. Founded in 1689 by families fleeing constant pirate threats in coastal Remedios, Santa Clara occupies the site of the ancient Indian town of Cubanacán, which, according to some authorities, Columbus mistook for the headquarters of the Mongol emperor Kublai Khan.

      Initially dependent upon livestock raising and associated industries, the city flourished on sugar and tobacco in the mid-20th century. The Santa Clara Steel Combine makes finished steel products and parts. The Central University of Las Villas was founded in Santa Clara in 1952. The city is situated near the geographic centre of the island, on the central highway, and is the junction point of Cuba's main railroads. Pop. (2002) 210,220.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Santa Clara — es la capital de la provincia cubana de Villa Clara (también conocida como Las Villas). Población estimada: 217.000 (1994). Es un centro comercial y de comunicaciones localizado en un nudo de carreteras y ferrocarril. También tiene un aeropuerto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Santa Clara, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 102361 Housing Units (2000): 39630 Land area (2000): 18.389874 sq. miles (47.629554 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 18.389874 sq. miles (47.629554 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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  • Santa Clara, PR — U.S. comunidad in Puerto Rico Population (2000): 1138 Housing Units (2000): 384 Land area (2000): 0.311553 sq. miles (0.806919 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.311553 sq. miles (0.806919 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Santa Clara, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 889 Housing Units (2000): 310 Land area (2000): 2.077113 sq. miles (5.379698 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.077113 sq. miles (5.379698 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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