San Luis Obispo


San Luis Obispo
/san looh"is euh bis"poh/
a city in W California. 34,252.

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      city, seat (1850) of San Luis Obispo county, western California, U.S. It lies on San Luis Obispo Creek at the base of the Santa Lucia Mountains, 20 miles (30 km) east of the Pacific Ocean and 80 miles (130 km) northwest of the city of Santa Barbara. It grew up as a farming centre around the mission of San Luis Obispo de Tolosa (for St. Louis, bishop of Toulouse), founded in 1772 by Junípero Serra as the fifth in the California chain of 21 missions. San Luis Obispo came under U.S. control in 1846. During the lawless and violent Gold Rush period, much of the land continued to be held by Mexicans, who established an economy largely based on the hides and tallow industry. In the 1860s severe drought destroyed much of the rancho land. The Mexican ranchers subsequently sold many of their holdings, and the area became a centre for beef- and dairy-cattle production. After 1894 it became a railroad division point. Oil, pumped and refined locally, is shipped through Port San Luis, located along the Pacific coast 9 miles (14 km) southwest of the city. Light manufacturing, wineries (located throughout the county), and tourism are other economic factors. It is the home of California Polytechnic State University (1901) and Cuesta (community) College (1963). The city's attractions include children's and county museums. Nearby are Pismo State Beach, Morro Bay and Montaña de Oro state parks, and Los Padres National Forest. Inc. 1856. Pop. (1990) 41,958; (2000) 44,174.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • San Luis Obispo — aus der Luft gesehen Lage in Kalifornien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San Luis Obispo — San Luis Obispo, CA U.S. city in California Population (2000): 44174 Housing Units (2000): 19306 Land area (2000): 10.658503 sq. miles (27.605396 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.177451 sq. miles (0.459597 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.835954 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • San Luis Obispo, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 44174 Housing Units (2000): 19306 Land area (2000): 10.658503 sq. miles (27.605396 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.177451 sq. miles (0.459597 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.835954 sq. miles (28.064993 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • San Luis Obispo — San Luis Obispo, Grafschaft im Staate California (Nordamerika), 110 QM., im Südwesten vom Stillen Ocean, im Nordosten von der Coast Range, im Süden vom Santa Maria Creek begrenzt, von den San Buenaventura u. Macimiento Rivers durchflossen; große… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • San Luis Obispo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir SLO et Obispo. San Luis Obispo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • San Luis Obispo — Original name in latin San Luis Obispo Name in other language CSL, San Luis Obispo, San Luis Oubispou, San Luis Obispo, saenlu iseuobiseupo, san lwys awbysbw, san lwyys awbyspw, kalyfrnya, sanruisuobisupo, sheng lu yi si ao bi si bao, Сан Луис… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • San Luis Obispo — Sp Sán Lùis Obispas Ap San Luis Obispo L JAV apyg. ir jos c. (Kalifornija) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • San Luis Obispo — /san looh is euh bis poh/ a city in W California. 34,252 …   Useful english dictionary

  • San Luis Obispo — geographical name city W California NW of Santa Barbara population 44,174 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • San Luis Obispo —  , California; not Louis …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors


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