San José


San José
/sahn' haw se"/
a city in and the capital of Costa Rica, in the central part. 228,302.

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City (pop., 2000: 894,943), west-central California, U.S. Located southeast of San Francisco, San Jose was the first civil settlement in California.

It was founded in 1777 as a Spanish military supply base and became the state's first capital (1849–51). In 1850 it became the first chartered city in California. It was a trade depot for the California gold fields. The railroad from San Francisco improved trade connections for the produce of nearby farms. It is a processing and distribution centre for a rich agricultural area producing fruit and wine. It is part of Silicon Valley, and its industries include the manufacture of electronic, computer, and aerospace components, auto parts, and consumer goods.

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Introduction

      city, seat (1850) of Santa Clara county, west-central California, U.S. It lies in the Santa Clara Valley along Coyote Creek and the Guadalupe River, about 50 miles (80 km) southeast of San Francisco. The city, located just southeast of San Francisco Bay, sprawls over a broad floodplain that gradually slopes upward toward more rugged terrain to the east and south. With its semiarid climate, San Jose is known for its sunny, mild weather.

      San Jose, the third largest city in California, is also the most populous component of the extensive metropolitan area around the bay that, in addition to San Francisco, includes Oakland. Neighbouring communities include Milpitas (northeast), Alum Rock (east), Los Gatos (southwest), Campbell and Santa Clara (west), and Sunnyvale (northwest). The city constitutes the hub of Silicon Valley, the region of high-technology and computer-related industries that stretches along the southwestern shore of the bay toward San Francisco. Inc. 1850. Area city, 178 square miles (461 square km). Pop. (1990) city, 782,248; San Jose PMSA, 1,497,577; San Francisco–Oakland–San Jose CMSA, 6,253,311; (2000) city, 894,943; San Jose PMSA, 1,682,585; San Francisco–Oakland–San Jose CMSA, 7,039,362.

History
       Costanoan Indians lived in the area when European explorers arrived in the mid-18th century. The first civic settlement in California, it was founded by José Joaquin Moraga in 1777 as a Spanish farming community and was named Pueblo de San José de Guadalupé for St. Joseph (San José). During the Spanish colonial and Mexican periods, it supplied wheat, vegetables, and cattle to the military garrisons at Monterey and San Francisco. After the American occupation of California in 1846, San Jose briefly became the new state's first capital, and the first state legislative assembly convened there in December 1849. (The state capital was moved to Vallejo in 1852 and, permanently, to Sacramento in 1854.) In March 1850 San Jose became the first chartered city in California, by which time it had become a bustling trade depot for the goldfields east of Sacramento. In 1864 the coming of the railroad from San Francisco gave San Jose improved trade connections and enabled the produce of nearby farms to be readily shipped to San Francisco. The Santa Clara Valley thus soon developed into a region of orchards and fruit processing.

      Until 1940 most of the city's industries remained centred on food processing and the manufacture of orchard supplies and agricultural equipment. During and after World War II, however, there was a meteoric growth in the manufacture of such durable goods as electrical machinery, aircraft parts, and motor vehicles. Large aerospace and business-equipment firms located plants in the area, and San Jose's rise as the anchor of Silicon Valley produced an even more spectacular burst of growth for the city that only increased with the boom in Internet-related industries in the 1990s. The city annexed land at a rapid rate, more than tripling its area between 1960 and 2000; during that same period its population more than quadrupled. The citizenry has long been ethnically diverse, with large and growing Asian and Hispanic communities that combined now constitute some three-fifths of the total population.

The contemporary city
      San Jose's economy remains heavily focused on high technology. Computer hardware design and manufacturing, software production, and Internet concerns are its major industries. Electronic equipment, semiconductors, scientific instruments, and industrial machinery are produced, and business, health, and engineering services are other important economic factors. The Santa Clara Valley continues to be a productive agricultural area. Major crops include greenhouse plants, cut flowers, mushrooms, and an array of fruits and vegetables (notably wine grapes, cherries, peppers, tomatoes, and lettuce); beef cattle are also raised.

      The city is home to San Jose State University (1857; part of the California State University system) and San Jose City College (1921); Santa Clara (Santa Clara University) and Stanford (Stanford University) universities are nearby. San Jose supports a variety of music, dance, and theatre organizations, including professional ballet and opera companies. Notable museums include the San Jose Museum of Art and the Tech Museum of Innovation. Rosicrucian Park has a museum of Egyptian antiquities and a planetarium and science centre. The Winchester Mystery House, a 160-room Victorian mansion filled with unusual architectural features, was under construction continuously between 1884 and 1922 by the eccentric widow Sarah Winchester, heir to the fortune of the firearms-manufacturing company. It is maintained as a museum, as are Peralta Adobe (1797), the last remaining structure from the original pueblo, and nearby Fallon House (1855), built for one of the city's first mayors.

      There is an extensive system of municipal and regional parks. Kelley Park, along Coyote Creek, includes a zoo, a Japanese garden, and an outdoor historic museum of restored and replicated buildings from San Jose's early years. The 720-acre (290-hectare) Alum Rock Park (1872), on the eastern edge of the city, is California's oldest municipal park. The city abounds in flower gardens, notably the Municipal Rose Garden and Overfelt Gardens. San Jose is home to the Sharks, the Bay Area's professional ice hockey team. Several state parks are in the vicinity, including Henry W. Coe (southeast) and Big Basin Redwoods (southwest). Lick Observatory is located on Mount Hamilton, about 15 miles (25 km) east of the city.

      chartered city, north-central Luzon, northern Philippines. Situated in foothills near the source of the Chico River, it is a trading centre in the region known as the country's most important rice granary. About 9 miles (15 km) east of the city is the Pantabangan Dam (1974), which provides water for local irrigation and hydroelectric power to Manila. The city is on the main highway from Manila to Aparri on the northern coast of Luzon and has an airfield. Inc. city, 1969. Pop. (2000) 108,254.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • San José — ndash; or San Jose ndash; is the Spanish for Saint Joseph. According to the U.S. National Geospatial Intelligence Agency s GEOnet Names Server, it is the most common place name in the world.Inhabited locationsTwo major cities in the world share… …   Wikipedia

  • San José — bzw. San Jose (span.) steht für: Josef von Nazaret, Ziehvater Jesu (Gedenktag 19. März, ua.) Josef von Arimathäa, Jünger Jesu (31. August, 31. Juli, ua.) Josefstag, Josefitag, der 19. März zahlreiche Kirchen des Hl. Josef von Nazareth, siehe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San José — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Santos 1.1 Véase también 2 Toponimia 2.1 Argentina 2.2 B …   Wikipedia Español

  • San Jose — (San José spanisch für „heiliger Joseph“) steht für: Argentinien San José (Entre Ríos) San José (Misiones), eine Gemeinde im Departamento Apóstoles der Provinz Misiones Belize San José (Orange Walk District), Belize Costa Rica San José (Costa… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San Jose — /san hoh zay / a city in W California. 636,550. * * * City (pop., 2000: 894,943), west central California, U.S. Located southeast of San Francisco, San Jose was the first civil settlement in California. It was founded in 1777 as a Spanish… …   Universalium

  • San Jose — San José Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. San José (en français Saint Joseph) est un toponyme pouvant faire référence à : Sommaire 1  Argentine/ Chili 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SAN JOSÉ — Capitale de la république du Costa Rica, peuplée de 280 600 habitants (1993; 921 700 pour l’agglomération), San José concentre près du quart de la population du pays. Située dans la partie orientale de la vallée centrale (Valle Central), elle… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • SAN JOSE — SAN JOSE, city in California, 40 miles S. of San Francisco, with a Jewish population of 40,000 in 2005. San Jose was the first capital of California (1849–51). Ten men organized the Jewish community of San Jose in 1861 as the Bickur Cholim… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • San Jose — San Jose, CA U.S. city in California Population (2000): 894943 Housing Units (2000): 281841 Land area (2000): 174.863722 sq. miles (452.894941 sq. km) Water area (2000): 3.314837 sq. miles (8.585389 sq. km) Total area (2000): 178.178559 sq. miles …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • San José — (Andújar,Испания) Категория отеля: Адрес: Carretera la Centenera, 23740 Andújar, Испания …   Каталог отелей

  • San José — San Jo|sé [saŋxo se]: Hauptstadt von Costa Rica. * * * San Jose   [sænhəʊ zeɪ], Stadt in Kalifornien, USA, südlich der San Francisco Bay, (1994) 839 300 Einwohner (1950: 95 300, 1960: 204 200, 1980: 629 400 Einwohner); San Jose State University… …   Universal-Lexikon


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