Sampo


Sampo
/sahm"paw/, n. Finnish Legend.
a magical object or substance that was stolen by Ilmarinen, Vainamoinen, and Lemminkainen from Louhi because of its powers.

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In Finnish mythology, a mysterious object that has been variously identified but is typically believed to be a cosmological pillar that supports the vault of heaven.

Because it is the axis around which the heavens revolve, all life depends on it as the source of all good. In one legend, the creator-smith Ilmarinen forged the sampo for Louhi, the hag-goddess of the underworld, and then stole it back, resulting in its near-destruction. In the Kalevala, sampo is a magic mill that grinds out an endless supply of salt, gold, and meal for its possessor.

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▪ Finno-Ugric cosmology
      mysterious object often referred to in the mythological songs of the Finns, most likely a cosmological pillar or some similar support holding up the vault of heaven. In a cycle of songs, referred to by scholars as the sampo-epic, the sampo is forged by the creator-smith Ilmarinen for Louhi, the hag-goddess of the underworld, and is then stolen back by Ilmarinen and the shaman-hero Väinämöinen. They are pursued by Louhi, and in the ensuing battle sampo is smashed into little pieces, which still preserve enough potency to provide for “sowing and reaping” and other forms of prosperity.

      The comments of early informants reveal that the songs were part of a ritual cycle sung at a spring sowing ceremony to further the growth of grain. The conclusions of scholars such as E.N. Setälä, Uno Harva, and, more recently, Martti Haavio are more or less in agreement that sampo refers to the support holding up the firmament, a concept found in many early cosmologies. The name sampo may even be a cognate of words such as Sanskrit skambha, “pillar,” and Altaic sumbur, the “world mountain.” As the mythical axis mundi, around which the heavens revolve, all life is dependent on the sampo, which the Finnish songs depict as the source of all good.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Sampo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Akseli Gallen Kallela, La defensa del Sampo. Sampo, en la mitología finlandesa, es una especie de molino maravilloso que produce grano, sal y oro. Se encuentra donde descansa el cielo, siempre rebosante e inago …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sampo — In Finnish mythology, the Sampo was a magical artifact constructed by Ilmarinen that brought good fortune to its holder; nobody knows exactly what it was supposed to be. When the Sampo was stolen, it is said that Ilmarinen s homeland fell upon… …   Wikipedia

  • Sampo — La défense du sampo (Gallen Kallela, 1896) Dans la mythologie finnoise, le sampo est un objet magique qui assure la fortune à son propriétaire. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sampo — Akseli Gallen Kallela Die Verteidigung des Sampo Der Sampo ist ein mystisches Gerät aus dem finnischen Epos Kalevala, das durch seine Zauberkräfte seinem Besitzer Wohlstand verschafft. Es gibt über das Gerät viele Interpretationen. Im Deutschen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sampo — En la mitología finlandesa, objeto misterioso que ha sido interpretado de diversas maneras, pero que generalmente se identifica con un pilar cosmológico que sostiene la bóveda celeste. Como es el eje alrededor del cual gira el firmamento, los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sampo — /sahm paw/, n. Finnish Legend. a magical object or substance that was stolen by Ilmarinen, Vainamoinen, and Lemminkainen from Louhi because of its powers …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sampo (Schiff) — Sampo Die Sampo im Hafen von Kemi im Juni 2010 p1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Sampo (Unternehmen) — Sampo Oyj Rechtsform Aktiengesellschaft (Finnland) ISIN FI0009003305 …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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