/seuh mahr"euh/; Russ. /su mah"rddeuh/, n.a port in the SE Russian Federation in Europe, on the Volga. 1,257,000. Formerly (1935-91), Kuibyshev.
* * *formerly (1935–91) KuybyshevCity (pop., 2001 est.: 1,146,400) and river port, eastern Russia.Located on the left bank of the Volga River where the Samara River joins the Volga, it was founded in 1586 as a fortress protecting the Volga trade route. It was the scene of the rebellion of Yemelyan Pugachov against Catherine II in 1773–74. It later became a major trade centre. Its growth was stimulated during World War II by the relocation there of numerous government functions when Moscow was threatened by German attack. It is highly industrialized and is the centre of a network of pipelines. Oil and petrochemicals are the major industries.
* * *▪ Russiaformerly (1935–91) Kuybyshev also spelled Kujbyšev, or Kuibyshevcity and administrative centre, west-central Samara oblast (region), western Russia. It lies along the Volga River at the latter's confluence with the Samara River. Founded in 1586 as a fortress protecting the Volga trade route, it soon became a major focus of trade and later was made a regional seat. In 1935 the city was renamed after Valerian Vladimirovich Kuybyshev (1888–1935), a prominent Bolshevik. The city's growth was stimulated during World War II by its distance from the war zone and the evacuation there of numerous government functions when Moscow was threatened by German attack; the postwar development of the Volga-Urals oil field also helped. The city reverted to its old name in 1991.Samara is now one of the largest industrial cities of Russia and the centre of a network of pipelines, with oil refining and petrochemicals the major industries, especially in the satellite town of Novokuybyshevsk. There are huge engineering factories making a wide range of products, including petroleum equipment, machinery, ball bearings, cables, and precision machine tools, and there are many building-materials and consumer-goods industries. Much of the city's power comes from a hydroelectric-power plant completed in 1957 at Zhigulyovsk, a few miles upstream. A group of industrial and residential suburbs and satellite towns ring the city. Samara has excellent communications by ship along the Volga and along rail lines connecting it to European Russia, Siberia, and Central Asia. The city has cultural and research establishments and several institutions of higher education. Pop. (2005 est.) 1,151,681.formerly (1935–91) Kuybyshev, or Kuibyshevoblast (region), western Russia. It is located in the middle Volga River area where the river makes a great loop around the Zhiguli Hills. The hills, heavily forested and deeply dissected by ravines, rise to 1,214 feet (370 metres). The Volga left (east) bank, constituting most of the region, is largely level plain. The natural oak woodlands and grass steppe of the left bank have been almost entirely ploughed up since Russians began intensive colonization of the area in the 18th century. But the region's agriculture, which is dominated by spring wheat, corn (maize), millet, and sunflowers, suffers severely from recurrent droughts and insufficient irrigation. Market gardening is important near Samara, the regional headquarters, and fruit growing is important on the Volga right bank. World War II and the presence of abundant petroleum and natural-gas deposits in the region led to great industrial development, especially oil refining, petrochemicals, and a broad range of engineering in the towns along the Volga. A large automobile plant began production at Tolyattigrad in 1970. A huge hydroelectric station was built at Zhigulyovsk on the Volga in 1950–57. Pop. (2005) 3,201,272.
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Samara — may refer to:Geography*Samara Oblast, an oblast of Russia *Samara, Russia, a city on the eastern bank of the Volga River, Russia *Samara Bend, the largest bend of the Volga River *Samara Reservoir, an informal name of Kuybyshev Reservoir on the… … Wikipedia
Sámara — Sámara, situated along the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica s Guanacaste Province, has long been a favorite vacation spot for both Costa Ricans and foreigners. The town itself is rather small (approximately 1500 full time residents, including close by … Wikipedia
samară — SAMÁRĂ, samare, s.f. Tip de fruct uscat, cu o singură sămânţă, prevăzut cu o aripă subţire (la ulm, arţar, paltin etc.). – Din fr. samare. Trimis de IoanSoleriu, 17.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98 SAMÁRĂ s. v. coamă, creastă, culme. Trimis de siveco, 13 … Dicționar Român
Sámara — puede referirse a: Sámara, población de la provincia de Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Sámara, fruto seco de algunas angiospermas. Samara Morgan Personaje ficticio de las películas The Ring (2002 2005). Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos… … Wikipedia Español
Samara — (Кап Ферре,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: 38, boulevard des Mimosas, 33950 Кап Ферре, Фран … Каталог отелей
samara — ● samara nom masculin (mot persan) En Afrique, sandale constituée d une semelle plate et d une lanière qui se glisse entre les deux premiers orteils. samara n. f. (Afr. subsah.) Syn. de sandale. samara [samaʀa] n. f. ÉTYM. D. i.; mot persan, par… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Samara — Sa*ma ra (? or ?), n. [L. samara, samera, the seed of the elm.] (Bot.) A dry, indehiscent, usually one seeded, winged fruit, as that of the ash, maple, and elm; a key or key fruit. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Samára — Samára. 1) L. Nebenfluß des Dnjepr in den russ. Gouv. Charkow und Jekaterinoslaw, 310 km lg. – 2) L. Nebenfluß der Wolga im Gouv. Samara, 560 km lg … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
SAMARA — State University (Russia, http://www.samara.emnet.ru/) … Acronyms
Samara — Самара (Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian), Samara (German, Azeri), Kujbišev (Slovene, former name), Kuybyshev (former name) … Names of cities in different languages
SAMARA — State University (Russia, http://www.samara.emnet.ru/) … Acronyms von A bis Z