salvia


salvia
/sal"vee euh/, n.
any plant of the genus Salvia, comprising the sages, having opposite leaves and whorled flowers.
[1835-45; < NL, L: sage]

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Any of about 700 species of herbaceous and woody plants that make up the genus Salvia, in the mint family.

Some members (e.g., sage) are important as sources of flavouring. Easy to propagate, transplant, and grow in poor soil and drought conditions, salvias are a garden staple. Best-known is the 1–3-ft (30–90-cm) annual scarlet sage (S. splendens) from Brazil, whose blazing spikes contrast with dark green, oval leaves from midsummer to frost. Blue sage (S. farinacea), of southwestern North America, is a favourite in dried winter bouquets.

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▪ plant genus
 the sage genus, containing more than 900 species of herbaceous and woody plants of the mint family (Lamiaceae), order Lamiales. Some members are important as sources of flavouring.

       sage proper (S. officinalis), a woody perennial growing to 60 cm (2 feet) tall, bears aromatic leaves that are the source of the culinary herb (see sage). Another species with foliage used for flavouring is clary (S. sclarea), a taller, biennial herb with strong-smelling, hairy, heart-shaped leaves. Its white flowers and leaflike bracts below them are pinkish or violet-flushed. Both species are native in southern Europe.

      Montane tropical America has many Salvia species, perhaps the most spectacular of which is Wagner's salvia (S. wagneri), or chupamiel, a treelike shrub, native near the mountain lakes of Guatemala. It attains more than 4 metres (13 feet) in height and has triangular, 30-cm (12-inch) spikes of woolly, scarlet corollas opening from magenta calyxes. Blue sage (S. farinacea) opens bright blue flowers after rains in the hills of southwestern North America. Possibly the best-known Salvia is the garden annual scarlet sage (S. splendens) from Brazil, the blazing spikes of which contrast with dark green, oval leaves.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • salvia — *salvia germ., Substantiv: nhd. Salbei; ne. sage (Neutrum); Rekontruktionsbasis: ae., ahd.; Interferenz: Lehnwort lat. salvia; Etymologie: s. lat …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • salvia — s. f. Salvia officinalis. Planta aromática de la familia de las labiadas que crece en terrenos áridos, cuyas hojas se emplean como condimento y como digestivo: La salvia se usa mucho en la cocina mediterránea …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Salvia I — (Troghi,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 50067 Troghi, Италия Описание …   Каталог отелей

  • salvia — arbusto del género de las Labiatae cuyas hojas se emplean con fines medicinales para el tratamiento de la diarrea y de la sudoración excesiva dibujo de herbario [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/s/sa.htm#salvia] monografía [véase… …   Diccionario médico

  • salvia — 1844, from L. salvia “sage” (see SAGE (Cf. sage) (n.)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • salvia — (Del lat. salvĭa). 1. f. Mata labiada, de la que hay varias especies. Alcanza hasta seis u ocho decímetros de alto. Tiene hojas estrechas de borde ondulado, cuyo cocimiento se usa como sudorífico y astringente, flores azuladas en espiga, y fruto… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Salvia — Sal vi*a, n. [L., sage.] (Bot.) A genus of plants including the sage. See {Sage}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Salvĭa — (S. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Labiatae Monardeae Salvieae, 2 Kl. 1. Ordn. L., Blumenkrone rachenförmig, zwei Staubgefäße, Connectiv der Staubbeutel staubfadenförmig aufstrebend, an der Spitze ein einfächeriges Säckchen tragend,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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