salsa


salsa
/sahl"seuh/; Sp. /sahl"sah/, n.
1. a lively, vigorous type of contemporary Latin American popular music, blending predominantly Cuban rhythms with elements of jazz, rock, and soul music.
2. a ballroom dance of Puerto Rican origin, performed to this music, similar to the mambo, but faster with the accent on the first beat instead of the second beat of each measure.
3. Mexican Cookery. a sauce, esp. a hot sauce containing chilies.
v.i.
4. to dance the salsa.
[1970-75; < AmerSp, Sp: lit., sauce; prob. so called orig. because of its mixture of styles]

* * *

Contemporary Latin American dance music.

Salsa developed in Cuba in the 1940s. It drew upon local musical styles, such as charanga (featuring primarily strings and flute) and the dance music of the conjuntos (bands), and blended them with elements of jazz. In the 1950s salsa began to flourish in New York City, where it incorporated traditional Puerto Rican rhythms, and later, elements from Venezuelan and Colombian music and rhythm and blues. Its stars have included Celia Cruz, Tito Puente, and Willie Colon.

* * *

music
      hybrid musical form based on Afro-Cuban music but incorporating elements from other Latin American styles. It developed largely in New York City beginning in the 1940s and '50s, though it was not labeled salsa until the 1960s; it peaked in popularity in the 1970s in conjunction with the spread of Hispanic cultural identity.

      The roots of salsa (Spanish: “sauce”) are in the son. Combining elements of the Spanish guitar-playing tradition with the rhythmic complexity and call-and-response vocal tradition of African musical sources, the son originated in rural eastern Cuba and spread to Havana in the first decades of the 20th century. Highly syncopated, it employs an “anticipated” rhythm structure wherein the bass line precedes the downbeat by a half-beat, creating a distinctive pulse. Pioneered by bandleader Arsenio Rodríguez, the son became the framework on which was hung a wide variety of dance-oriented Afro-Cuban musical styles, from the bolero to the conga and from the rumba to the mambo.

      Afro-Cuban music spread throughout Latin America, notably to Mexico. However, New York City became the forge for its transformation into salsa, beginning in the 1940s with the contributions of the orchestra led by Cuban émigré Machito (Frank Grillo), which blended Afro-Cuban styles with jazz and big band approaches. Another Cuban émigré, Celia Cruz (Cruz, Celia), became the reigning diva of Afro-Cuban dance music in the 1960s, as it evolved into salsa with smaller ensembles comprising rhythm and horn sections and through huge contributions by a number of musicians of Puerto Rican heritage, most notably bandleaders Tito Rodríguez, Tito Puente (Puente, Tito) (a virtuoso timbale player and vibraphonist), and Eddie Palmieri (a pianist who brought progressive jazz influences into the mix). Frequently but not always up-tempo, or “hot,” salsa grew to incorporate increasingly diverse influences and performers—from Panamanian activist-singer-songwriter Rubén Blades to Mexican American rocker Carlos Santana (Santana). Although its international popularity crested in the 1970s, salsa retained an audience into the 21st century.

Additional Reading
Vernon W. Boggs, Salsiology: Afro-Cuban Music and the Evolution of Salsa in New York City (1992); Frances R. Aparicio, Listening to Salsa: Gender, Latin Popular Music, and Puerto Rican Cultures (1998); Charley Gerard and Marty Sheller, Salsa!: The Rhythm of Latin Music, new ed. (1998); Lise Waxer, Situating Salsa: Global Markets and Local Meanings in Latin Popular Music (2002); Frances R. Aparicio and Cándida Jáquez (eds.), Musical Migrations: Transnationalism and Cultural Hybridity in Latin/o America (2003).Susan V. Cashion

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • salsa — salsa …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Salsa — Salsa …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • salsa — sustantivo femenino 1. Área: cocina, cocina, cocina, cocina, cocina Origen: Argentina, Argentina, Uruguay. Sustancia de consistencia líquida o pastosa, elaborada con alimentos triturados o deshechos, que se emplea para condimentar la comida,… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • salsa — (Del lat. salsa, salada). 1. f. Composición o mezcla de varias sustancias comestibles desleídas, que se hace para aderezar o condimentar la comida. 2. Cosa que mueve o excita el gusto. 3. Género de música popular bailable, con influencia… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Salsa — may mean:*Salsa (sauce), any of various sauces of Spanish, Italian or Latin American origin, from the Spanish or Italian word for sauce *Salsa music, a group of musical styles having their roots in Cuba, the Caribbean and Latin America *Salsa… …   Wikipedia

  • Salsa HP — o Brown sauce (salsa marrón, en inglés) es un condimento: una popular steak sauce elaborada por la empresa HP Foods que en la actualidad se elabora en H.J. Heinz en la ciudad de Elst (Holanda). Se trata de una salsa elaborada a base de vinagre de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Salsa XO — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Salsa XO. La salsa XO (chino simplificado: XO酱, chino tradicional: XO醬, pinyin: XO jiàng) es una especie de salsa de marisco, elaborada en Hong Kong (cocina cantonesa) en los 1980s. La sa …   Wikipedia Español

  • salsa — [ salsa ] n. f. • 1979; mot esp. de Cuba, Porto Rico « sauce (piquante) » ♦ Musique afro cubaine au rythme marqué. ● salsa nom féminin (espagnol salsa, sauce) Musique de danse d Amérique espagnole, au tempo vif, appelée également jazz afro cubain …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Salsa — (spanisch für „Sauce“) bezeichnet: eine Sauce, siehe Salsa (Gericht) eine lateinamerikanische Musikrichtung, siehe Salsa (Musik) einen lateinamerikanischen Tanz, siehe Salsa (Tanz) ein Tanzfilm von 1988, siehe Salsa – it´s hot (Film) ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Salsa — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término salsa puede referirse a: la salsa en gastronomía, un aderezo líquido o pastoso utilizado en los alimentos; la música salsa, un género musical resultado de fusionar varios ritmos caribeños con elementos de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • salsa (1) — {{hw}}{{salsa (1)}{{/hw}}s. f. Condimento più o meno denso o cremoso, preparato a parte per aggiungere sapore a certe vivande: salsa di pomodoro; salsa verde | Sugo, intingolo | Cucinare qlco. in tutte le salse, (fig.) presentare una stessa cosa… …   Enciclopedia di italiano


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.