Salome


Salome
/seuh loh"mee/ for 1, 3; /sal"euh may'/ for 2, n.
1. Also, Salomé. the daughter of Herodias, who is said to have danced for Herod Antipas and so pleased him that he granted her mother's request for the head of John the Baptist. Matt. 14:6-11 (not mentioned by name here).
2. (italics) a one-act opera (1905) by Richard Strauss based on a drama by Oscar Wilde.
3. a female given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "peace."

* * *

Stepdaughter of Herod Antipas, who caused the death of John the Baptist.

The event is recounted in the gospels of Matthew and Mark, though her name is given only by the historian Josephus. John had been imprisoned for denouncing Herod's adulterous marriage to Herodias, but Herod was afraid to kill him. When Salome, daughter of Herodias, danced before the king, he promised to give her anything she asked as a reward, and she requested John's head on a platter. The scene was a popular subject in Christian art.

* * *

▪ stepdaughter of Herod Antipas

flourished 1st century AD

      according to the Jewish historian Josephus, the daughter of Herodias and stepdaughter of Herod Antipas, tetrarch (ruler appointed by Rome) of Galilee, a region in Palestine. In Biblical literature she is remembered as the immediate agent in the execution of John the Baptist (John the Baptist, Saint). Josephus states that she was twice married, first to the tetrarch Philip (a half brother of her father, Herod, and a son of Herod I the Great) and then to Aristobulus (son of Herod of Chalcis). She is not to be confused with Salome, sister of Herod I the Great.

      According to the Gospels of Mark (6:14–29) and Matthew (14:1–12), Herod Antipas had imprisoned John the Baptist for condemning his marriage to Herodias, the divorced wife of his half brother Herod Philip (the marriage violated Mosaic Law), but Herod was afraid to have the popular prophet killed. Nevertheless, when Salome danced before Herod and his guests at a festival, he promised to give her whatever she asked. Prompted by her mother, Herodias, who was infuriated by John's condemnation of her marriage, the girl demanded the head of John the Baptist on a platter, and the unwilling Herod was forced by his oath to have John beheaded. Salome took the platter with John's head and gave it to her mother.

      This story proved popular in Christian art from an early period and became especially popular during the Renaissance, exemplified by the work of the painter Masolino da Panicale. Salome has also been strikingly portrayed by the 19th-century artists Gustave Moreau and Aubrey Beardsley. Oscar Wilde's one-act play Salomé (published in 1893, first performed in 1896) was translated by Hedwig Lachmann as the libretto for Richard Strauss's one-act opera of the same name (first produced in 1905), in which Herod is portrayed as lusting after Salome, while Salome, in her turn, desires John the Baptist; she finally satisfies her corrupt wishes by kissing the lips of the severed head of John, who had spurned her. Hence, Salome has become an erotic symbol in art, and it is likely that it is her provocative “Dance of the Seven Veils” in the Strauss opera that most people connect with her name, although no such dance is mentioned in the Bible.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Salome — Salomé Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Salomé (grec Σαλωμη, d après l hébreu שלומית Shlomit, à l exception de la reine Salomé, dont le nom hébraïque était Shlomtzion) est un prénom… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Salomé — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El nombre Salomé puede referirse a diferentes personajes: Personajes Nombre de origen hebreo que significa pacífica, que esta en paz. Su festividad es el 22 de octubre Salomé, la princesa idumea mencionada en el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • SALOME — Тип Pre and Post Processing for numerical simulation. Разработчик OPEN CASCADE …   Википедия

  • Salome — • Daughter of Herod Philip and Herodias at whose request John the Baptist was beheaded Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Salome     Salome      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Salomé — Salomé  The Seventh Veil …   Википедия

  • Salome — f English, German, etc.: Greek form of an unrecorded Aramaic name, related to the Hebrew word shalom peace. It was common at the time of Christ, and was borne by one of the women who were at his tomb at the time of the Resurrection (Mark 16: 1–8) …   First names dictionary

  • salomé — ● salomé nom masculin Chaussure basse, à bride, pour femme. Salomé (m. v. 72 apr. J. C.) princesse juive. Sa mère, Hérodiade (ou Hérodias), lui demanda de danser devant son beau père Hérode Antipas pour obtenir la tête de saint Jean Baptiste.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Salome —   [ zaːlome, za lomə; hebräisch, eigentlich etwa »die Friedliche«],    1) Jüngerin Jesu, Augenzeugin der Kreuzigung (Markus 15, 40) und eine der ersten Adressatinnen der Auferstehungsbotschaft (Markus 16, 1 ff.) Heilige (Tag: 22. 10.).    2)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • SALOME — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda SALOME es una plataforma integrada para simulación numérica disponible bajo código abierto. Ofrece una plataforam genérica para pre y post procesado para simulación numérica. Tiene una arquitectura abierta y flexible …   Wikipedia Español

  • Salome — Salome, AZ U.S. Census Designated Place in Arizona Population (2000): 1690 Housing Units (2000): 1176 Land area (2000): 27.415788 sq. miles (71.006561 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 27.415788 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Salome, AZ — U.S. Census Designated Place in Arizona Population (2000): 1690 Housing Units (2000): 1176 Land area (2000): 27.415788 sq. miles (71.006561 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 27.415788 sq. miles (71 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.