Saïs


Saïs
/say"is/, n.
an ancient city in N Egypt, on the Nile delta: an ancient capital of Lower Egypt.

* * *

Arabic Ṣā al-Ḥajar

Ancient Egyptian city.

Located in the delta on the Canopic, or Rosetta, branch of the Nile River, it was from prehistoric times the site of the chief shrine of Neith, goddess of war and the loom. It became the capital of Egypt under Psamtik I (r. 664–609 BC). His successors of the 26th dynasty also had their capital there. Enriched by trade from the Mediterranean region and Africa, the Saite kings built fine temples, palaces, and tombs. Inscribed stones found on the site and in nearby villages are all that remain of the once-great city.

* * *

▪ ancient city, Egypt
Arabic  Ṣā Al-Ḥajar,  also spelled  Sa El-Hagar 

      ancient Egyptian city (Sai) in the Nile River delta on the Canopic (Rosetta) Branch of the Nile River, in Al-Gharbīyah muḥāfaẓah (governorate). From prehistoric times Sais was the location of the chief shrine of Neith, the goddess of war and of the loom. The city became politically important late in its history. In the late 8th century BC Tefnakhte, a Libyan prince of Sais, fought with the Cushites for control of Lower Egypt, but he lost in 713–712 BC to Shabaka, founder of the 25th dynasty of Egypt. When Assyria defeated the Cushites in 671 BC, Saite princes, as Assyrian vassals, again gained control of the Nile delta, and the Saite governor Psamtik I (664–609 BC), after expelling his Assyrian masters, conquered all of Egypt (c. 656 BC). Sais became the capital of Egypt under Psamtik I and his successors of the 26th dynasty. Enriched by Mediterranean and African trade, the Saite kings lavished their wealth on temples and palaces in Sais and built near them their tombs. When Herodotus visited Sais, it was still one of the finest cities in Egypt.

      The modern site's extensive and imposing mound has been little explored and in fact has been extensively denuded by pilferers since it was first described by J.F. Champollion in 1818. Inscribed stones found on the site and in nearby villages are all that remain of the once-great city. The modern settlement at Sais produces primarily cotton.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sais — Saïs Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saou. Article de la série Lieux égyptiens Lieux Nomes / Villes Monuments / Temples …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sais — Sais in Hieroglyphen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saïs — DMS …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sais — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sais — ? Sais Научная классификация Царство: Животные Тип: Членистоногие Класс: Насекомые От …   Википедия

  • SAÏS — Appelé également plateau de Fès Meknès, situé entre le causse du Moyen Atlas au sud et les collines prérifaines au nord, le Saïs s’étend sur une superficie de 4 500 kilomètres carrés, et son altitude varie entre 500 et 800 mètres. Le plateau est… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sais — Sais,   ägyptisch Saw, altägyptische Stadt im Nildelta, beim heutigen Dorf Sa el Hagar am rechten Ufer des Rosettearms, Hauptstadt des 5. unterägyptischen Gaues, war Ende des 8. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. (24. Dynastie) Residenz des Königs Bokchoris,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • SAIS — urbs Aegypti iuxta unum ex Nili ostiis, quod ab ipsa Saiticum dicitur. Populi Saitae, qui Minervam colunt. Propert. l. 2. Eleg. 2. v. 11. Mercurioque Sais fertur Baebeidos undis Virgineum Brimo composuisse latus. Ubi quae de urbe Sai, et Saitide… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Sais — SAIS, ĭdis, ein Beynamen der Minerva. Propert. l. II. Eleg. 2. v. 11. & Tzetz. ad Lycophr. v. 111. Sie führet ihn von der Stadt Sais in Aegypten, wo sie einen ansehnlichen Tempel hatte, und man ihr Fest jährlich mit vielen angezündeten Lampen vor …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • SAIS — can refer to:* Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, part of The Johns Hopkins University. * Scottish Avalanche Information Service * Sharjah American International School * Southern Association of Independent Schools *… …   Wikipedia

  • Saïs — Saïs, Stadt im Saïtes Nomos in Unterägypten,[772] am linken Ufer des Sebennytischen Nilarmes; Begräbnißplatz der späteren ägyptischen Könige; dabei ein Heiliger See u. in der Stadt der prächtige Tempel der Sais od. Neïth, mit den größten aller… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon