Sabine


Sabine
/say"buyn/, adj.
1. of or belonging to an ancient people of central Italy who lived chiefly in the Apennines northeast of Rome and were subjugated by the Romans about 290 B.C.
n.
2. one of the Sabine people.
3. the Italic language of the Sabines.
[1350-1400; ME < L Sabinus]
/say"buyn, -bin/ for 1; /seuh been"/ for 2, n.
1. Wallace Clement (Ware), 1868-1919, U.S. physicist: pioneered research in acoustics.
2. a river flowing SE and S from NE Texas, forming the boundary between Texas and Louisiana and then through Sabine Lake to the Gulf of Mexico. ab. 500 mi. (800 km) long.

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Any member of an ancient Italic tribe located east of the Tiber River.

According to legend, Romulus invited them to a festival and then carried off ("raped") their women to provide wives for his men. The second king of Rome, Numa Pompilius, probably a Sabine, is credited with creating a great number of the early Roman religious institutions and practices. Later groups displaced the Sabines from Rome. The Romans conquered them and granted them partial citizenship in 290 BC; they became full citizens in 268.

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Latin  Sabinus , plural  Sabini 
 member of an ancient Italic tribe located in the mountainous country east of the Tiber River. They were known for their religious practices and beliefs, and several Roman institutions were said to have derived from them. The story recounted by Plutarch that Romulus, the founder of Rome, invited the Sabines to a feast and then carried off (raped) their women, is legendary. Though there was a considerable Sabine infiltration into Rome, the view that the Sabines conquered the city in the first half of the 5th century BC is improbable; rather, the Romans had many skirmishes with the Sabines before their victory in 449. Nothing is known thereafter until in 290 the Sabines were conquered and granted civitas sine suffragio; in 268 they received full Roman citizenship.

      The Sabines probably spoke Oscan. No inscription has survived of their dialect, but a large number of single words are attributed to them by Latin writers. The tradition that the Sabines were the parent stock of the Samnite tribes is probably correct.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:
(Juniperus Sabina)


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • sabine — [ sabin ] n. f. • savine 1130; lat. sabina (herba) « (herbe) des Sabins » ♦ Genévrier du sud de l Europe. « une végétation de colchiques, de sabines » (Huysmans). ● sabine nom féminin (latin sabina, plante des sabins) Espèce de genévrier toxique… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sabine [1] — Sabine (spr. ßäbīn), Fluß in Nordamerika, entspringt im nordöstlichen Texas, bildet später die Grenze zwischen ihm und Louisiana und mündet, 800 km lang, durch den haffartigen Sabine Lake über eine Barre zwischen Fort Sabine und Brant Point in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sabine — Sabine1 [sā′bīn΄] n. [ME Sabyn < L Sabinus < Sabine * Safini (pl.) < IE * swobho , var. of * s(w)ebh : see SIB] 1. a member of an ancient people living chiefly in the Apennines of central Italy, conquered by the Romans in the 3d century… …   English World dictionary

  • Sabine — Sa bine, a. [L. Sabinus.] Of or pertaining to the ancient Sabines, a people of Italy. n. One of the Sabine people. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sabine — f French (two syllables) or German (three syllables): from the Latin name Sabīna ‘Sabine woman’. The Sabines were an ancient Italic race whose territory was early taken over by the Romans. According to tradition, the Romans made a raid on the… …   First names dictionary

  • sabine — sabine; Sabine; …   English syllables

  • Sabine — Sab ine, n. [F., fr. L. Sabina herba, fr. Sabini the Sabines. Cf. {Savin}.] (Bot.) See {Savin}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sabine [1] — Sabine (spr. Säbbin), 1) S. River, Fluß, entspringt in der Grafschaft Hunt des Staates Texas (Nordamerika), bildet die Grenze zwischen Texas u. Louisiana u. fällt als eine seeartige Erweiterung (S. Lake) über 2 Meilen breit an der Südwestgrenze… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sabine [2] — Sabine (spr. Säbbin), Edward, geb. um 1790; nahm Dienste bei der englischen Artillerie u. widmete sich vorzugsweise den mathematischen u. physikalischen Studien; er betheiligte sich an mehren Expeditionen, so an Parry s Reise 1819–20, umsegelte… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sabine [2] — Sabine (spr. ßäbbĭn), Sir Edward, Physiker und Mathematiker, geb. 14. Okt. 1788 in Dublin, gest. 26. Juni 1883 in Richmond, trat in den britischen Artilleriedienst, nahm an Parrys Reise zur Auffindung einer Nordwestdurchfahrt 1818–20 teil und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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