rubato


rubato
/rooh bah"toh/; It. /rddooh bah"taw/, adj., n., pl. rubatos, rubati /-tee/, adv. Music.
adj.
1. having certain notes arbitrarily lengthened while others are correspondingly shortened, or vice versa.
n.
2. a rubato phrase or passage.
3. a rubato performance.
adv.
4. in a rubato manner.
[1880-85; < It (tempo) rubato stolen (time), ptp. of rubare to steal < Gmc; see ROB]

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music
      (from Italian rubare, “to rob”), in music, subtle rhythmic manipulation and nuance in performance. For greater musical expression, the performer may stretch certain beats, measures, or phrases and compact others. The technique is seldom indicated on a musical score but may be utilized according to the performer's discretion. Rubato may affect only the melody (as in jazz) or the entire musical texture.

      In the application of rubato, the written note values must not be disregarded, and the performer eventually returns to the strict underlying rhythm from which the rubato deviated. A true “tempo rubato” is found in certain types of orally transmitted music, for example, among the peasants of Hungary and Romania, whose practices, in turn, inspired such composers as Franz Liszt and Béla Bartók.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • RUBATO — RUBA En musique, indication d’ordre dynamique (en italien «volé, dérobé») où la rigueur de la mesure est respectée pour le rythme de la basse, tandis que les notes du chant sont ralenties ou accélérées. La notion de rubato apparaît au XVIIe… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • rubato — RUBÁTO s.n., adv. (muz.) 1. s.n. Executare liberă din punct de vedere ritmic (potrivit înţelesului cuvintelor din text), în scopul obţinerii unei mai mari expresivităţi. 2. adv. În modul de executare descris mai sus. – cuv. it. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Rubato — est un terme italien signifiant dérobé . Il s agit d une indication d expression, commandant d accélérer certaines notes de la mélodie ou d en ralentir d autres pour abandonner la rigueur de la mesure. Ces variations de vitesse sont appliquées… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • rubato — [ro͞o bät′ō] [also in italics] Music adj., adv. [It < (tempo) rubato, stolen (time)] with some notes arbitrarily lengthened (or shortened) in performance and, often, others correspondingly changed in length; (in a manner) intentionally and… …   English World dictionary

  • Rubato — Ru*ba to, a. [It.] Robbed; borrowed. [1913 Webster] {Temple rubato}. [It.] (Mus.) Borrowed time; a term applied to a style of performance in which some tones are held longer than their legitimate time, while others are proportionally curtailed.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rubato — 1883, short for tempo rubato, lit. robbed time …   Etymology dictionary

  • rubato — rubȃto pril. DEFINICIJA glazb. oznaka za tempo prema kojoj interpret može, primjenjujući agogičke slobode, neznatno smanjiti ili povećati brzinu izvedbe ETIMOLOGIJA tal. (tempo) rubato: ukradeni (tempo) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • rubato — (also tempo rubato) ► NOUN (pl. rubatos or rubati) Music ▪ temporary disregard for strict tempo to allow an expressive quickening or slackening. ORIGIN Italian, robbed …   English terms dictionary

  • Rubāto — (ital., »geraubt«, Tempo r.), in der Musik gewisse Beschleunigungen (stringendo) und Verlangsamungen (ritardando) der Melodie unter Beibehaltung desselben Tempos zur Erreichung eines ausdrucksvollen Vortrags …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rubato — Rubāto (ital., »geraubt«), musikal. Tempo, bei dem man sich weniger streng nach dem Takt als dem Gefühl richtet …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rubato — Rubato, ital., (beraubtes) Tempo in der Musik, wobei man das Tempo mancher längerer Noten bei den melodieführenden Stimmen etwas verringert oder verlängert, während der Baß sich an das gegebene Tempo hält …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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